National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - Browse


The 1350 F stress-rupture properties of two wrought alloys and three cast alloys

Description: From Summary: "These properties compare favorably with those of the strongest similar alloys previously investigated. However, compared with a 60Cr-25Fe-15Mo alloy, the three cobalt-chronium-nickel cast alloys are inferior. A correlation of NACA and OSRD (Project NRC-8) data is presented, showing the variation of rupture strengths with temperature in the range of 1350^o to 2000^o for alloys."
Date: November 1947
Creator: Reynolds, E E; Freeman, J W & White, A E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Adaptor for measuring principal strains with Tuckerman strain gage

Description: Report discussing an adapter which uses three Tuckerman optical strain gages to measure the displacement of the three vortices of an equilateral triangle along lines 120 degrees apart. These displacements are substituted in well-known equations in order to compute the magnitude and direction of the principal strains. Tests of the adaptor indicate that principal strains over a gage length of 1.42 inch may be measured with a systematic error not exceeding 4 percent and a mean observational error of the order of + or minus 0.000006. The maximum observed error in strain was of the order of 0.00006. The directions of principal strains for unidirectional stress were measured with the adaptor with an average error of the order of 1 degree.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Mcpherson, A E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic heating and the deflection of drops by an obstacle in an air stream in relation to aircraft icing

Description: From Summary: "Two topics of interest to persons attempting to apply the heat method of preventing ice formation on aircraft are considered. Surfaces moving through air at high speed are shown, both theoretically and experimentally, to be subject to important aerodynamic heating effects that will materially reduce the heat required to prevent ice. Numerical calculations of the path of water drops in an air stream around a circular cylinder are given. From these calculations, information is obtained on the percentage of the swept area cleared of drops."
Date: October 1940
Creator: Kantrowitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic properties of slender wing-body combinations at subsonic, transonic, and supersonic speeds

Description: From Introduction: "In an incomprehensible medium, the mutual interference of a fuselage and wing of high-aspect ratio (to which lifting-line theory is applicable) has been treated by Lennertz, Wiselsberger, Pepper, and Multhopp in reference 1, 2, 3, and 4. It is the purpose of this note to treat the effect of on the aerodynamic loading of the mutual interference between a low-aspect-ratio pointed wing and a fuselage consisting of a slender body of revolution."
Date: July 1948
Creator: Spreiter, John R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamics of a wind-tunnel fan

Description: From Introduction: "This paper deals only with the aerodynamics of the fan proper and demonstrates the manner in which the radial distribution of axial velocity of fluid through a fan is governed by geometry of the fan itself."
Date: August 1941
Creator: Corson, Blake W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aileron as an aid to recovery from the spin

Description: As part of a general investigation by the NACA of factors that affect the spin, the use of the aileron as an aid to recovery from the spin was studied. Tests of 10 different models, covering a wide range of mass distribution, were made in the NACA free-spinning tunnel to determine the effects of a large downward deflection of the outboard aileron and of normal angular deflections of the ailerons upon recovery characteristics. The results indicate that the direction of aileron setting, with or against the spin, which will aid recovery from the spin depends upon the airplane weight distribution. For monoplanes and for biplanes with lower-wing ailerons, ailerons with the spin will be favorable when the weight is distributed chiefly along the fuselage (single-engine airplanes) and ailerons against the spin will be favorable when the weight is distributed chiefly along the wings (multi engine airplanes). Downward movement of the outboard aileron through a large angle will not always be effective in aiding recovery, the effectiveness of such a movement also being dependent upon the weight distribution of the airplane.
Date: September 1940
Creator: Neihouse, A. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil in sinusoidal motion in a pulsating stream

Description: The forces and moments on a two-dimensional airfoil executing harmonic motions in a pulsating stream are derived on the basis of non-stationary incompressible potential flow theory, with the inclusion of the effect of the continuous sheet of vortices shed from the trailing edge. An assumption as to the form of the wake is made with a certain degree of approximation. A comparison with previous work applicable only to the special case of a stationary airfoil is made by means of a numerical example, and the excellent agreement obtained shows that the wake approximation is quite sufficient. The results obtained are expected to be useful in considerations of forced vibrations and flutter of rotary wing aircraft.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Greenberg, J Mayo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of cylinder-pressure-indicator diagrams showing effects of mixture strength and spark timing

Description: An investigation was made to determine the effect of mixture strength and of normal as well as optimum spark timing on the combustion, on the cylinder temperature, and on the performance characteristics of an engine. A single-cylinder test unit utilizing an air-cooled cylinder and a carburetor and operating with gasoline having an octane rating of 92 was used. The investigation covered a range of fuel-air ratios from 0.053 to 0.118. Indicator diagrams and engine-performance data were taken for each change in engine conditions. Examination of the indicator shows that for fuel-air ratios less than and greater than 0.082 the rate and the amount of effective fuel burned decreased. For a fuel-air ratio of 0.118 the combustion efficiency was only 58 percent. Advancing the spark timing increased the rate of pressure rise. This effect was more pronounced with leaner mixtures.
Date: August 1940
Creator: Gerrish, Harold C & Voss, Fred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of ground effect on the lifting airscrew

Description: A study is presented of ground effect as applied to the lifting airscrew of the type used in modern gyroplane and helicopters. The mathematical analysis of the problem has been verified by tests made of three rotor models in the presence of a large circular "ground plane." A method of approximating the decelerating effect during vertical approach to the ground has been devised. The results of the study are presented in the form of convenient charts.
Date: December 1941
Creator: Knight, Montgomery & Hegner, Ralph A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department