National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 105 Matching Results

Search Results

Acoustics of a nonhomogeneous moving medium.

Description: Report discussing theoretical basis of the acoustics of a moving nonhomogeneous medium. Experiments that illustrate or confirm some of the theoretical explanation or derivation of these acoustics are also included.
Date: February 1956
Creator: Blokhintsev, D I
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerial transportation

Description: Report discussing the origin of air traffic dates from the war. The important development of aeronautic industries and the progress made in recent years, under the impelling force of circumstances, rendered it possible, after the close of hostilities, to consider the practical utilization of this new means of economic expansion.
Date: February 1922
Creator: PIERROT
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamic aspect of wing-fuselage fillets

Description: Report discussing model tests prove the feasibility of enhancing the aerodynamic qualities of wing-fuselage fillets by appropriate design of fuselage and wing roots. Abrupt changes from maximum fuselage height to wing chord must be avoided and every longitudinal section of fuselage and wing roots must be so faired and arranged as to preserve the original lift distribution of the continuous wing. Adapting the fuselage to the curvilinear circulation of the wing affords further improvement. The polars of such arrangements are almost the same as those of the "wing alone," thus voiding the superiority of the high-wing type airplane known with conventional design.
Date: February 1935
Creator: Muttray, H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamic wind vane and the inherent stability of airplanes

Description: Report discussing the design of the wind vane described rests on the following line of reasoning: An airplane, originally in equilibrium about its C.G. is assumed to be deflected from this position through an angle (delta)i, the variation (delta)i being so sudden that the path of the C.G. and the airplane speed do not change while it is taking place. The aerodynamic forces acting on the wings, tail surfaces, fuselage, etc., which, as a whole, exerted a zero moment (M(sub G) = 0) about the center of gravity at the instant of equilibrium, now exert a moment M(sub G) not equal to 0.
Date: February 1931
Creator: Lapresle, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamics of rotating-wing aircraft with blade-pitch control

Description: From Introduction: "In the present report, with the aid of the usual computation methods, a rotor is investigated the pitch of whose blades is capable of being controlled in such a manner that it varies linearly with the flapping angle. To test the effect of this linkage on the aircraft performance, the theory is applied to an illustrative example."
Date: February 1940
Creator: Pfluger, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic Instruments

Description: "The development of aeronautic instruments. Vibrations, rapid changes of the conditions of flight and of atmospheric conditions, influence of the air stream all call for particular design and construction of the individual instruments. This is shown by certain examples of individual instruments and of various classes of instruments for measuring pressure, change of altitude, temperature, velocity, inclination and turning or combinations of these" (p. 1).
Date: February 1924
Creator: Everling, E. & Koppe, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane Flight in the Stratosphere

Description: This brief survey of the problems encountered in high-altitude flight deals in particular with the need for high lift coefficient in the wings, large aspect ratios in the wings, and also the problem of hermetically sealing the cabin.
Date: February 1932
Creator: de Caria, Ugo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

"Am" Gasoline Cock

Description: The "AM" cock was designed specially for gasoline pipes on vehicles using internal combustion engines (airplanes, airships, automobiles, tractors, battle "tanks", boats, etc.). The report descirbes the functioning and construction of the device.
Date: February 1923
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aviation Fuels (With Especial Reference To "White Spirit")

Description: Gasoline, the fuel now used, is an extremely volatile and inflammable liquid capable of forming explosive mixtures, the cause of many catastrophes in aviation. It is therefore of special interest to investigate the possibility of using fuels which, while being less volatile than gasoline, would nevertheless enable this engine to function satisfactorily.
Date: February 1928
Creator: Dumanois, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Basic Differential Equations in General Theory of Elastic Shells

Description: The shell shall be considered as a three-dimensional continuous medium; for the coordinate surface, the middle surface of the shell shall be assumed parallel to the bounding surfaces. Let alpha and beta be the curvilinear orthogonal coordinates of this surface, coinciding with the lines of principal curvatures, and gamma the distance along the normal from the point (alpha,beta) of the coordinate surface to any point (alpha,beta,gamma) of the shell.
Date: February 1, 1951
Creator: Vlasov, V. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Boundary Layers in Fluids with Little Friction

Description: The vortices forming in flowing water behind solid bodies are not represented correctly by the solution of the potential theory nor by Helmholtz's jets. Potential theory is unable to satisfy the condition that the water adheres at the wetted bodies, and its solutions of the fundamental hydrodynamic equations are at variance with the observation that the flow separates from the body at a certain point and sends forth a highly turbulent boundary layer into the free flow. Helmholtz's theory attempts to imitate the latter effect in such a way that it joins two potential flows, jet and still water, nonanalytical along a stream curve. The admissibility of this method is based on the fact that, at zero pressure, which is to prevail at the cited stream curve, the connection of the fluid, and with it the effect of adjacent parts on each other, is canceled. In reality, however, the pressure at these boundaries is definitely not zero, but can even be varied arbitrarily. Besides, Helmholtz's theory with its potential flows does not satisfy the condition of adherence nor explain the origin of the vortices, for in all of these problems, the friction must be taken into account on principle, according to the vortex theorem.
Date: February 1950
Creator: Blasius, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of the Lateral-Dynamic Stability of Aircraft

Description: "Graphs and formulas are given with the aid of which all the aerodynamic coefficients required for computing the lateral dynamic stability can be determined. A number of numerical examples are given for obtaining the stability derivatives and solving the characteristic-stability equation. Approximate formulas are derived with the aid of which rapid preliminary computations may be made and the stability coefficients corrected for certain modifications of the airplane" (p. 1).
Date: February 1952
Creator: Raikh, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Change of 180 Degrees in the Direction of a Uniform Current of Air

Description: In the construction of aerodynamic tunnels, it is a very important matter to obtain a uniform current of air in the sections where measurements are to be made. The straight type ordinarily used for attaining a uniform current and generally recommended for use, has great defects. If we desire to avoid these defects, it is well to give the canals of the tunnel such a form that the current, after the change of direction of its asymptotes, approximates a uniform and rectilinear movement. But for this, the condition must be met that at no place does the flow exceed the maximum velocity assumed, equal to the velocity in the straight parts of the canal.
Date: February 1926
Creator: Witoszynski, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of Automatic Control Systems

Description: This report deals with a reciprocal comparison of an automatic pressure control, an automatic rpm control, an automatic temperature control, and an automatic directional control. It shows the difference between the "faultproof" regulator and the actual regulator which is subject to faults, and develops this difference as far as possible in a parallel manner with regard to the control systems under consideration. Such as analysis affords, particularly in its extension to the faults of the actual regulator, a deep insight into the mechanism of the regulator process.
Date: February 1941
Creator: Oppelt, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of Theory With Experiment in the Phenomenon of Wing Flutter

Description: Direct measurements were undertaken at the Aeronautics Laboratory in Turin of the aerodynamic actions on an oscillating wing. The tests conducted had as their essential object the examination of the operation of apparatus designed for this measurement. The values experimentally obtained for the aerodynamic coefficients are in good agreement with the theory of oscillatory motion of the wing of finite span and show clear deviation from the values obtained by theory of plane motion.
Date: February 1939
Creator: Cicala, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compression Shocks in Two-Dimensional Gas Flows

Description: The following are arguments on the compression shocks in gas flow start with a simplified representation of the results of the study made by Th. Meyer as published in the Forschungsheft 62 of the VDI, supplemented by several amplifications for the application.In the treatment of compression shocks, the equation of energy, the equation of continuity, the momentum equation, the equation of state of the particular gas, as well as the condition Of the second law of thermodynamics that no decrease of entropy is possible in an isolated system, must be taken into consideration. The result is that, in those cases where the sudden change of state according to the second law of thermodynamics is possible, there always occurs a compression of the gas which is uniquely determined by the other conditions.
Date: February 1, 1949
Creator: Busemann, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concerning the Flow About Ring-Shaped Cowlings Part 8: Further Measurements on Annular Profiles

Description: "The measurements of part V (reference 1) of this series of reports, which concerned comparatively long ring profiles, are supplemented by measurements on shorter rings as they are used for shrouded propellers and cowlings of ring-shaped radiators. Mass-flow coefficients and profile drags are given. Furthermore, it has to be determined how far the potential theory describes the flow phenomenon with sufficient accuracy and whether the present theory for the calculation of thin annular profile yields useful profile forms and is suitable for determination of the mass flow for thick profiles" (p. 1).
Date: February 1952
Creator: K├╝chemann, Dietrich & Weber, Johanna
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concerning the Flow About Ring-Shaped Cowlings Part 9: The Influence of Oblique Oncoming Flow on the Incremental Velocities and Air Forces at the Front Part of Circular Cowls

Description: The dependence of the maximum incremental velocities and air forces on a circular cowling on the mass flow and the angle of attack of the oblique flow is determined with the aid of pressure-distribution measurements. The particular cowling tested had been partially investigated in NACA TM 1327.
Date: February 1952
Creator: Kuchemann, Dietrich & Weber, Johanna
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deterioration of Airplane Fabrics

Description: The observation that airplane fabrics, after long use, lose their original strength, caused the German Experimental Institute for Aviation to carry out a series of experiments on the effect of weathering on the cloth covering of airplane wings and fuselages.
Date: February 1922
Creator: Wendt, Fr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department