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Aerodynamic characteristics of a 45 degree swept-back wing with aspect ratio of 3.5 and NACA 2S-50(05)-50(05) airfoil sections

Description: From Introduction: "The present paper presents the scale effect on the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics, the aerodynamic characteristics in yaw, and the tuft studies for 0^o and 3.7^o yaw. The results of the effect of leading-edge and trailing-edge flaps on the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing will be presented in later reports."
Date: August 4, 1947
Creator: Proterra, Anthony J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concerning the Velocity of Evaporation of Small Droplets in a Gas Atmosphere

Description: The evaporation velocity of liquid droplets under various conditions is theoretically calculated and a number of factors are investigated which are neglected in carrying out the fundamental equation of Maxwell. It is shown that the effect of these factors at the small drop sizes and the small weight concentrations ordinarily occurring in fog can be calculated by simple corrections. The evaporation process can be regarded as quasi-stationary in most cases. The question at hand, and also the equivalent question of the velocity of growth of droplets in a supersaturated atmosphere, is highly significant in meteorology and for certain industrial purposes. Since the literature concerning this is very insufficient and many important aspects either are not considered at all or are reported incorrectly, it seems that a short discussion is not superfluous. A special consideration will be given to the various assumptions and neglections that are necessary in deriving the fundamental equation of Maxwell. The experimental work available, which is very insufficient and in part poorly dependable, can be used as an accurate check on the theory only in very few cases.
Date: August 1, 1947
Creator: Fuchs, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cones in Supersonic Flow

Description: In the case of cones in axially symmetric flow of supersonic velocity, adiabatic compression takes place between shock wave and surface of the cone. Interpolation curves betwen shock polars and the surface are therefore necessary for the complete understanding of this type of flow. They are given in the present report by graphical-numerical integration of the differential equation for all cone angles and airspeeds.
Date: August 1, 1947
Creator: Hantzsche, W. & Wendt, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of Stress-Rupture Parameters for Four Heat-Resisting Alloys

Description: Stress-rupture data for four heat-resisting alloys are analyzed according to equations of the theory of rate processes. A method for determining the four parameters of structure and composition is demonstrated and the four parameters are determined for each of the alloys: forged S816, cast S816, cast S590, and cast Vitallium. It is concluded that parameters can be determined for an alloy provided sufficient reliable experimental data are available.
Date: August 25, 1947
Creator: Lidman, William G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The development of jet-engine Nacelles for a high-speed bomber design

Description: The results of an experimental investigation made for the purpose of developing suitable jet-engine nacelle designs for a high-speed medium bomber are presented. Two types of nacelles were investigated, the first enclosing two 4000-pounds-thrust jet engines and a 65-inch-diameter landing wheel and the second enclosing a single 4000-pounds-thrust jet engine. Both types of nacelles were tested in positions underslung beneath the wing and centrally located on the wing. This report summarizes the investigation which was performed at low speed for the purpose of developing entrance and body shapes of suitable form. Included are results from the high-speed portion of the investigation on the characteristics of an underslung nacelle.
Date: August 29, 1947
Creator: Dannenberg, Robert E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of NACA submerged inlets and a comparison with wing leading-edge inlets for a 1/4-scale model of a fighter airplane

Description: Characteristics of NACA submerged duct entries and wing leading-edge inlets designed for a 1/4 scale flow model of a fighter-type airplane powered by a jet engine in the fuselage are presented.
Date: August 7, 1947
Creator: Mossman, Emmet A & Gault, Donald E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of Variations in Forebody and Afterbody Dead Rise on the Resistance and Spray Characteristics of the 22ADR Class VPB Airplane: Langley Tank Model 207, TED No. NACA 2361

Description: An investigation was made to determine the effects of changes in the amount and distribution of forebody and afterbody dead rise on the hydrodynamic resistance and spray characteristics of a 1/11-size model of the Bureau of Aeronautics design No. 22ADR class VPB airplane. The variations in dead rise within the range investigated had no significant effects on resistance or trim, free to trim, or on resistance or trimming moment, fixed in trim. The coordinates of the peaks of the bow-spray blisters, with reference to the model, were measured at low speeds, and it was found that the model with the low dead rise at the bow had the lowest blisters. The changes in position of the maximum dead rise of the afterbody had no effect on the bow-spray blister.
Date: August 28, 1947
Creator: Clement, Eugene P. & Daniels, Charles J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equations for Adiabatic but Rotational Steady Gas Flows without Friction

Description: This paper makes the following assumptions: 1) The flowing gases are assumed to have uniform energy distribution. ("Isoenergetic gas flows," that is valid with the same constants for the the energy equation entire flow.) This is correct, for example, for gas flows issuing from a region of constant pressure, density, temperature, end velocity. This property is not destroyed by compression shocks because of the universal validity of the energy law. 2) The gas behaves adiabatically, not during the compression shock itself but both before and after the shock. However, the adiabatic equation (p/rho(sup kappa) = C) is not valid for the entire gas flow with the same constant C but rather with an appropriate individual constant for each portion of the gas. For steady flows, this means that the constant C of the adiabatic equation is a function of the stream function. Consequently, a gas that has been flowing "isentropically",that is, with the same constant C of the adiabatic equation throughout (for example, in origination from a region of constant density, temperature, and velocity) no longer remains isentropic after a compression shock if the compression shock is not extremely simple (wedge shaped in a two-dimensional flow or cone shaped in a rotationally symmetrical flow). The solution of nonisentropic flows is therefore an urgent necessity.
Date: August 1, 1947
Creator: Schaefer, Manfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental and calculated characteristics of three wings of NACA 64-210 and 65-210 airfoil sections with and without 2 degree washout

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation conducted to determine some of the effects of airfoil section and washout on the experimental and calculated characteristics of 10-percent-thick wings. Three wings of aspect ratio 9 and ratio of root chord to tip chord 2.5 were tested. One wing had NACA 64-210 sections and 2 degree washout, the second had NACA 65-210 sections and 2 degree washout, and the third had NACA 65-210 sections and 0 degree washout. It was found that the experimental characteristics of the wings could be satisfactorily predicted from calculations based upon two-dimensional data when the airfoil contours of the wings conformed to the true airfoil sections with the same high degree of accuracy as the two-dimensional models.
Date: August 1, 1947
Creator: Sivells, James C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Force Tests of the Boeing XB-47 Full-Scale Empennage in the Ames 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel

Description: A wind-tunnel investigation of the Boeing XB-47 full-scale empennage was conducted to provide, prior to flight tests, data required on the effectiveness of the elevator and rudder. The XB-47 airplane is a jet-propelled medium bomber having wing and tail surfaces swept back 35 degrees. The investigation included tests of the effectiveness of the elevator with normal straight sides, with a buldged trailing edge, and with a modified hinge-line gap and tests of the effectiveness of the rudder with a normal straight-sided tab and with a bulged tab.
Date: August 14, 1947
Creator: Hunton, Lynn W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Load Distribution on the Wing of a 3/16-Scale Model of a Scout-Bomber Airplane with Flaps Deflected

Description: The tests reported herein were made for the purpose of determining the high-speed load distribution on the wing of a 3/16 scale model of a scout-bomber airplane. Comparisons are made between the root bending-moment and section torsional-moment coefficients as obtained experimentally and derived analytically. The results show good correlation for the bending-moment coefficients but considerable disagreement for the torsional-moment coefficients.
Date: August 21, 1947
Creator: Barnes, Robert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department