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The 1926 German seaplane contest

Description: The report discusses the problem of rating the various seaplane designs from the 1926 seaplane contest. The whole process of rating consists in measuring the climbing speed, flying weight and carrying capacity of a seaplane and then using these data as the basis of a construction problem.
Date: March 1928
Creator: Seewald, F; Blenk, H & Liebers, F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils V : continuation of reports nos. 93, 124, 182, and 244

Description: This collection of data on airfoils has been made from published reports of a number of the leading aerodynamic laboratories of this country and Europe. The information which was originally expressed according to the different customs of the several laboratories is here presented in a uniform series of charts and tables suitable for the use of designing engineers and for purposes of general reference. The authority for the results here presented is given as the name of the laboratory at which the experiments were conducted, with the size of the model, wind velocity, and year of tests.
Date: April 1928
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic theory and test of strut forms. Part I

Description: This report presents the first part of a two part study made under this title. In this part the symmetrical inviscid flow about an empirical strut of high service merit is found by both the Rankine and the Joukowsky methods. The results can be made to agree as closely as wished. Theoretical stream surfaces as well as surfaces of constant speed and pressure in the fluid about the strut are found. The surface pressure computed from the two theories agrees well with the measured pressure on the fore part of the model but not so well on the after part. From the theoretical flow speed the surface friction is computed by an empirical formula. The drag integrated from the friction and measured pressure closely equals the whole measured drag. As the pressure drag and the whole drag are accurately determined, the friction formula also appears trustworthy for such fair shapes. (author).
Date: May 1928
Creator: Smith, R H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air force tests of sperry messenger model with six sets of wings

Description: The purpose of this test was to compare six well-known airfoils, the R.A.F 15, U.S.A. 5, U.S.A. 27, U.S.A. 35-B, Clark Y, and Gottingen 387, fitted to the Sperry Messenger model, at full scale Reynolds number as obtained in the variable density wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics; and to determine the scale effect on the model equipped with all the details of the actual airplane. The results show a large decrease in minimum drag coefficient upon increasing the Reynolds number from about one-twentieth scale to full scale. Maximum lift coefficient was increased with increasing scale for all the airfoils except the Gottingen 387, for which it was slightly decreased. A comparison is made between the results of these tests and those obtained from tests made in this tunnel on airfoils alone. (author).
Date: 1928?~
Creator: Shoemaker, James M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane strength calculations and static tests in Russia : an attempt at standardization

Description: We are here giving a summary of the rules established by the Theoretical Section of the Central Aerodynamic Institute of Moscow for the different calculation cases of an airplane. It appears the engineers of the Aerodynamic Institute considered only thick or medium profiles. For these profiles they have attempted to increase the safety when the center of pressure moves appreciably toward the trailing edge.
Date: September 1, 1928
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual report of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (13th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 257 to 282

Description: Report includes the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics letter of submittal to the President, Congressional report, summaries of the committee's activities and research accomplished, bibliographies, and financial report.
Date: January 1, 1928
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An automatic speed control for wind tunnels

Description: Described here is an automatic control that has been used in several forms in wind tunnels at the Washington Navy Yard. The form now in use with the 8-foot tunnel at the Navy Yard is considered here. Details of the design and operation of the automatic control system are given. Leads from a Pitot tube are joined to an inverted cup manometer located above a rheostat. When the sliding weight of this instrument is set to a given notch, say for 40 m.p.h, the beam tip vibrates between two electric contacts that feed the little motor. Thus, when the wind is too strong or too weak, the motor automatically throws the rheostat slide forward and backward. If it failed to function well, the operator would notice the effect on his meniscus, and would operate the hand control by merely pressing the switch.
Date: February 1928
Creator: Zahm, A F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aviation fuels : with especial reference to "white spirit."

Description: Gasoline, the fuel now used, is an extremely volatile and inflammable liquid capable of forming explosive mixtures, the cause of many catastrophes in aviation. It is therefore of special interest to investigate the possibility of using fuels which, while being less volatile than gasoline, would nevertheless enable this engine to function satisfactorily.
Date: February 1928
Creator: Dumanois, P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The C.A.M.S. 54 G.R. transatlantic seaplane (French)

Description: Tested at the end of March, 1928, the C.A.M.S. 54 G.R. was built for the purpose of crossing the Atlantic from Europe by way of the azores. It has a biplane construction with wings mounted above the hull. It is powered by two new series 500 HP. geared Hispano Suiza V type engines.
Date: September 1, 1928
Creator: Ide, John Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Airplane Performances Without the Aid of Polar Diagrams

Description: For good profiles the profile-drag coefficient is almost constant in the whole range which comes into consideration for practical flight. This is manifest in the consideration of the Gottingen airfoil tests and is confirmed by the investigations of the writer (measurements of the profile drag during flight by the Betz method), concerning which a detailed report will soon be published. The following deductions proceed from this fact. The formulas developed on the assumptions of a constant profile-drag coefficient afford an extensive insight into the influences exerted on flight performances by the structure of the airplane.
Date: March 1, 1928
Creator: Schrenk, Martin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The cells of giant airplanes

Description: This report presents a discussion of the Rohrbach type of giant airplane. The problems considered are structural drag, wing loading and divided power plants.
Date: September 1, 1928
Creator: Weyl, A R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of five propellers in flight

Description: This investigation was made for the purpose of determining the characteristics of five full-scale propellers in flight. The equipment consisted of five propellers in conjunction with a VE-7 airplane and a Wright E-2 engine. The propellers were of the same diameter and aspect ratio. Four of them differed uniformly in thickness and pitch and the fifth propeller was identical with one of the other four with exception of a change of the airfoil section. The propeller efficiencies measured in flight are found to be consistently lower than those obtained in model tests. It is probable that this is mainly a result of the higher tip speeds used in the full-scale tests. The results show also that because of differences in propeller deflections it is difficult to obtain accurate comparisons of propeller characteristics. From this it is concluded that for accurate comparisons it is necessary to know the propeller pitch angles under actual operating conditions. (author).
Date: January 1, 1928
Creator: Crowley, J W , Jr & Mixson, R E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of propeller sections tested in the variable density wind tunnel

Description: Tests were carried out in the variable density wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics on six airfoil sections used by the Bureau of Aeronautics as propeller sections. The sections were tested at pressures of 1 and 20 atmospheres corresponding to Reynolds numbers of about 170,000 and 3,500,000. The results obtained, besides providing data for the design of propellers, should be of special interest because of the opportunity afforded for the study of scale effect on a family of airfoil sections having different thickness ratios. (author).
Date: January 1, 1928
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Choice of profile for the wings of an airplane. Part I

Description: The choice of the profile for the wings of an airplane is a problem which should be solved by a scientific method based on data obtained by systematic experimentation. The problem, in its present form, may be stated as follows: "To find a profile which has certain required aerodynamic characteristics and which encloses the spars, whose number, dimensions and separating distance are likewise determined by structural considerations." At present, the static test, corresponding to the case of accelerated flight at limited speed, requires the knowledge of the moment of the aerodynamic resultant at the angle of zero lift, and the possibility of controlling the magnitude of the corresponding absolute coefficient within more or less extensive limits.
Date: June 1, 1928
Creator: Toussaint, A & Carafoli, E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combustion time in the engine cylinder and its effect on engine performance

Description: As part of a general program to study combustion in the engine cylinder and to correlate the phenomena of combustion with the observed performance of actual engines, this paper presents a sketchy outline of what may happen in the engine cylinder during the burning of a charge. It also suggests the type of information needed to supply the details of the picture and points out how combustion time and rate affect the performance of the engine. A theoretical concept of a flame front which is assumed to advance radially from the point of ignition is presented, and calculations based on the area and velocity of this flame and the density of the unburned gases are made to determine the mass rate of combustion. From this rate the mass which has been burned and the pressure at any instant during combustion are computed. This process is then reversed in an effort to determine actual rates of combustion and flame velocities from the pressures as recorded on indicator diagrams. The effects of different rates of combustion on engine performance are then discussed and the importance of proper spark advance is emphasized.
Date: January 1, 1928
Creator: Marvin, Charles F , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department