National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 32 Matching Results

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Bearing strengths of bare and alclad XA75S-T and 24S-T81 aluminum alloy sheet

Description: From Introduction: "A report was recently issued covering an investigation of the bearing properties of the wrought aluminum alloys commonly used in aircraft construction (reference 1). Since this work was undertaken, two new materials, XA75S-T and 24S-T81, have been developed to the commercial stage for aircraft use. The objection of this investigation was to determine the bearing yield and ultimate strengths of these new materials in the form of bare and alclad sheet."
Date: December 1943
Creator: Moore, R. L. & Wescoat, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Coupling of Flexural Propeller Vibrations with the Torsional Crankshaft Vibrations

Description: The exact mathematical treatment of the problem is possible by replacing the propeller blade by a homogeneous prismatic rod. Conclusions can them be drawn as to the behavior of an actual propeller, since tests on propeller blades have indicated a qualitative agreement with the homogeneous rod. The natural frequencies are determined and the stressing of the systems under the various vibration modes are discussed.
Date: December 1943
Creator: Meyer, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the Mass Moments and Radii of Inertia of the Sections of a Tapered Wing and the Center-of-Gravity Line along the Wing Span

Description: For computing the critical flutter velocity of a wing among the data required are the position of the line of centers of gravity of the wing sections along the span and the mass moments and radii of inertia of any section of the wing about the axis passing through the center of gravity of the section. A sufficiently detailed computation of these magnitudes even if the weights of all the wing elements are known, requires a great deal of time expenditure. Thus a rapid competent worker would require from 70 to 100 hours for the preceding computations for one wing only, while hundreds of hours would be required if all the weights were included. With the aid of the formulas derived in the present paper, the preceding work can be performed with a degree of accuracy sufficient for practical purposes in from one to two hours, the only required data being the geometric dimensions of the outer wing (tapered part), the position of its longerons, the total weight of the outer wing, and the approximate weight of the longerons, The entire material presented in this paper is applicable mainly to wings of longeron construction of the CAHI type and investigations are therefore being conducted by CAHI for the derivation of formulas for the determination of the preceding data for wings of other types.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Savelyev, V. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of beveled-trailing-edge ailerons with various modifications on a North American XP-51 airplane (AAF No.41-38)

Description: Report presenting flight testing using a North American XP-51 airplane with several arrangements of beveled-trailing-edge ailerons to determine the most satisfactory arrangement. Results regarding the aileron configuration, trimming tabs, and factors affecting symmetry of aileron characteristics are provided.
Date: December 1943
Creator: White, Maurice D. & Hoover, Herbert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of F2A-2 airplane with full-span slotted flaps and trailing-edge and slot-lip ailerons

Description: Report presenting flight tests of a Navy F2A-2 specially equipped with full-scale slotted flaps and two sets of lateral controls: internally balanced, sealed ailerons on the flap trailing edge for use with the flaps up and slot lip ailerons for use with the flaps down. Results regarding aileron characteristics, maximum lift coefficients and stalling characteristics, and longitudinal stability and control are provided.
Date: December 1943
Creator: Wetmore, Joseph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests of Various Tail Modifications on the Brewster XSBA-1 Airplane II : Measurements of Flying Qualities with Tail Configuration Number Two

Description: Several tail modifications of the Brewster XSBA-1 scout-bomber were investigated and results compared. Modifications consisted of variation of the chord of the elevator and rudder while the total area of the surfaces is kept constant and variations of the total area of the vertical tail surface. Configuration number 2 reduced trim changes by 50 percent and reduced average elevator control force gradient from 30 to 27 pounds/g. Stick travel required to stall in maneuver was 4.6 inches.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Phillips, W. H. & Crane, H. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat Transfer and Hydraulic Flow Resistance for Streams of High Velocity

Description: Problems of hydraulic flow resistance and heat transfer for streams with velocities comparable with acoustic have present great importance for various fields of technical science. Especially, they have great importance for the field of heat transfer in designing and constructing boilers.of the "Velox" type. In this article a description of experiments and their results as regards definition of the laws of heat transfer in differential form for high velocity air streams inside smooth tubes are given.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Lelchuk, V. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of flow in an axially symmetrical heated jet of air

Description: The work done under this contract falls essentially into two parts: the first part was the design and construction of the equipment and the running of preliminary tests on the 3-inch jet, carried out by Mr. Carl Thiele in 1940; the second part consisting in the measurement in the 1-inch jet flow in an axially symmetrical heated jet of air. (author).
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Corrsin, Stanley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements in flight of the stability, lateral control, and stalling characteristics of an airplane equipped with full-span Zap flaps and spoiler-type ailerons

Description: Report presenting the stability, lateral-control, and stalling characteristics of an airplane modified to accommodate full-span Zap flaps.The static and dynamic longitudinal and lateral stability was satisfactory, but there were some undesirable lateral-control characteristics, including excessive friction and elasticity.
Date: December 1943
Creator: Spahr, J. Richard & Christophersen, Don R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operating Temperatures of a Sodium-Cooled Exhaust Valve as Measured by a Thermocouple

Description: A thermocouple was installed in the crown of a sodium-cooled exhaust valve. The valve was then tested in an air-cooled engine cylinder and valve temperatures under various engine operating conditions were determined. A temperature of 1337 F was observed at a fuel-air ratio of 0.064, a brake mean effective pressure of 179 pounds per square inch, and an engine speed of 2000 rpm. Fuel-air ratio was found to have a large influence on valve temperature, but cooling-air pressure and variation in spark advance had little effect. An increase in engine power by change of speed or mean effective pressure increased the valve temperature. It was found that the temperature of the rear spark-plug bushing was not a satisfactory indication of the temperature of the exhaust valve.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Sanders, J. C.; Wilsted, H. D. & Mulcahy, B. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Piston Ring Pressure Distribution

Description: The discovery and introduction of the internal combustion engine has resulted in a very rapid development in machines utilizing the action of a piston. Design has been limited by the internal components of the engine, which has been subjected to ever increasing thermal and mechanical stresses, Of these internal engine components, the piston and piston rings are of particular importance and the momentary position of engine development is not seldom dependent upon the development of both of the components, The piston ring is a well-known component and has been used in its present shape in the steam engine of the last century, Corresponding to its importance, the piston ring has been a rich field for creative activity and it is noteworthy that in spite of this the ring has maintained its shape through the many years. From the many and complicated designs which have been suggested as a packing between piston and cylinder wall hardly one suggestion has remained which does not resemble the original design of cast iron rectangular ring.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Kuhn, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A preliminary study of machine-countersunk flush rivets subjected to a combined static and alternating shear load

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to study the effect of the height of a rivet head on the number of cycles required to cause failure of a machine-countersunk flush-riveted joint under a combined static and alternating shear load. A tight joint and a loose joint were tested and the number of cycles to failure and location of fatigue failure were compared.
Date: December 1943
Creator: Crate, Harold
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proposal for a propeller side-force factor

Description: Report discusses a proposal for propeller manufacturers to consider the side-force factor with the activity factor as a fundamental parameter for all blade designs and for the side-force factor to be included in all reports of powered models in wind tunnels. The proposal includes a method for calculating the side-force factor and how it can be used in propeller development. It is shown to be a good index of the relative effectiveness per blade of a yawed propeller in developing side force.
Date: December 1943
Creator: Ribner, Herbert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some systematic model experiments of the bow-spray characteristics of flying-boat hulls operating at low speeds in waves

Description: Report discusses the results of testing on several models of flying boats, the XPB2M-1, the XPBB-1, the JRM-1, and 11 other models to determine the effect of bow form on the amount of spray thrown onto the windshield of a flying boat in rough water. Several recommendations for reducing the height and volume of spray are provided. Any change in the hull form that softens the impact between the hull and waves seems to reduce the spray.
Date: December 1943
Creator: Locke, F. W. S., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department