National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 444 Matching Results

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Aerodynamic characteristics at high speeds of related full-scale propellers having different blade-section cambers

Description: From Summary: "Wind-tunnel tests of a full-scale two-blade NACA 10-(10)(08)-03 (high camber) propeller have been made for a range of blade angles from 20 degrees to 55 degrees at airspeeds up to 500 miles per hour. The results of these tests have been compared with results from previous tests of the NACA 10-(3) (08)-03 (low camber) and NACA 10-(5)(08)-03 (medium camber) propellers to evaluate the effects of blade-section camber on propeller aerodynamic characteristics."
Date: 1957?
Creator: Maynard, Julian D & Salters, Leland B , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of a refined deep-step planing-tail flying-boat hull with various forebody and afterbody shapes

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was made in the Langley 300 mph 7-by 10-foot tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a refined deep-step planing-tail hull with various forebody and afterbody shapes. For comparison, tests were made on a streamline body simulating the fuselage of a modern transport airplane. The results of the tests, which include the interference effects of a 21-percent-thick support wing, indicated that for corresponding configurations the hull models incorporating a forebody with a length-beam ratio of 7 had lower minimum drag coefficients than the hull models incorporating a forebody with a length-beam ratio of 5. Longitudinal and lateral stability was generally about the same for all hull models tested and about the same as that of a conventional hull."
Date: 1953
Creator: Riebe, John M & Naeseth, Rodger L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic forces and loadings on symmetrical circular-arc airfoils with plain leading-edge and plain trailing-edge flaps

Description: From Summary: "An investigation has been made in the Langley two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel and in the Langley two-dimensional low-pressure tunnel of 6- and 10-percent-thick symmetrical circular-arc airfoil sections at low Mach numbers and several Reynolds numbers. The airfoils were equipped with 0.15-chord plain leading-edge flaps and 0.20-chord plan trailing-edge flaps. The section lift and pitching-moment characteristics were determined for both airfoils with the flaps deflected individually and in combination."
Date: 1953
Creator: Cahill, Jones F; Underwood, William J; Nuber, Robert J & Cheesman, Gail A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamic forces on slender plane- and cruciform-wing and body combinations

Description: From Introduction: "Since these results were not applicable to the present problem, a theoretical analysis of the aerodynamic properties of slender wing-body combinations was undertaken. The results of this investigation were first reported in reference 5 and were later extended in reference 6 to include cruciform-wing and body combinations. The present report summarizes and extends the theory and results previously presented in these references."
Date: 1950?~
Creator: Spreiter, John R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air forces and moments on triangular and related wings with subsonic leading edges oscillating in supersonic potential flow

Description: From Introduction: "This report is concerned with the derivation of expressions for the velocity potential and associated forces and moments for oscillating triangular wings in supersonic flow. The purpose of the present report is to make use of the expanded form of the velocity potential to obtain the forces and moments, based on the first terms of this potential, for a rigid triangular wing performing vertical and pitching sinusoidal oscillations in mixed supersonic flow."
Date: 1952?~
Creator: Watkins, Charles E & Berman, Julian N
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil profiles for minimum pressure drag at supersonic velocities -- general analysis with application to linearized supersonic flow

Description: From Summary: "A theoretical investigation is made of the airfoil profile for minimum pressure drag at zero lift in supersonic flow. In the first part of the report a general method is developed for calculating the profile having the least pressure drag for a given auxiliary condition, such as a given structural requirement or a given thickness ratio. To illustrate the general method, the optimum airfoil, defined as the airfoil having minimum pressure drag for a given auxiliary condition, is calculated in a second part of the report using the equations of linearized supersonic flow."
Date: January 1, 1952
Creator: Chapman, Dean R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analog study of interacting and noninteracting multiple-loop control systems for turbojet engines

Description: The results of an analog investigation of several turbojet-engine control configurations is presented in this report. Both proportional and proportional-plus-integral controllers were studied, and compensating terms for engine interaction were added to the control system. Data were obtained on the stability limits and the transient responses of these various configurations. Analytical expressions in terms of the component transfer functions were developed for the configurations studied, and the optimum form for the compensation terms was determined. It was found that the addition of the integral term, while making the system slower and more oscillatory, was desirable in that it made the final values of the system parameters independent of source of disturbance and also eliminated droop in these parameters. Definite improvement in system characteristics resulted from the use of proper compensation terms. At comparable gain points the compensated system was faster and more stable. Complete compensation eliminated engine interaction, permitting each loop to be developed to an optimum point independently.
Date: January 1, 1955
Creator: Pack, George J & Phillips, W E , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and calculation by integral methods of laminar compressible boundary-layer with heat transfer and with and without pressure gradient

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the present report is to present a comprehensive summary of theoretical investigations of comprehensible laminar boundary layers which have been carried out since 1949 at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn under the sponsorship and with the financial assistance of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The results of these investigations are contained primarily in references 1 to 7."
Date: April 12, 1955
Creator: Morduchow, Morris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of laminar free-convection flow and heat transfer about a flat plate paralled to the direction of the generating body force

Description: From Introduction: "Although the final equations obtained by this method are the same as those of Schmidt and Beckmann, this more general approach not only clearly demonstrates the significance of all the important parameters and assumptions and hence leads to a better understanding of this type of flow but also indicates the quantitative limitations of the theory. In addition, the numerical solutions of references 2 and 3 are herein extended to cover a more complete range of parameters."
Date: 1953~
Creator: Ostrach, Simon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of landing-gear behavior

Description: From Summary: "This report presents a theoretical study of the behavior of the conventional type of oleo-pneumatic landing gear during the process of landing impact. The basic analysis is presented in a general form and treats the motions of the landing gear prior to and subsequent to the beginning of shock-strut deflection."
Date: 1953~
Creator: Milwitzky, Benjamin & Cook, Francis E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of means of improving the uncontrolled lateral motions of personal airplanes

Description: From Summary: "A theoretical analysis has been made of means of improving the uncontrolled motions of personal airplanes. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether such airplanes could be made to fly uncontrolled for an indefinite period of time without getting into dangerous attitudes and for a reasonable period of time (1 to 3 min) without deviating excessively from their original course. The results of this analysis indicated that the uncontrolled motions of a personal airplane could be made safe as regards spiral tendencies and could be greatly improved as regards maintenance of course without resort to an autopilot."
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Mckinney, Marion O , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of once-per-revolution oscillating aerodynamic thrust loads on single-rotation propellers on tractor airplanes at zero yaw

Description: A simplified procedure is shown for calculating the once-per-revolution oscillating aerodynamic thrust loads on propellers of tractor airplanes at zero yaw. The only flow field information required for the application of the procedure is a knowledge of the upflow angles at the horizontal center line of the propeller disk. Methods are presented whereby these angles may be computed without recourse to experimental survey of the flow field. The loads computed by the simplified procedure are compared with those computed by a more rigorous method and the procedure is applied to several airplane configurations which are believed typical of current designs. The results are generally satisfactory.
Date: January 1, 1956
Creator: Rogallo, Vernon L; Yaggy, Paul F & Mccloud, John L , III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of plane-plastic stress problems with axial symmetry in strain-hardening range

Description: From Introduction: "A simple method of solving plane-plastic-stress problems with axial symmetry in the strain-hardening range for finite strains were developed at the NACA Lewis laboratory during 1949-1950. This method is based on the deformation theory of Hencky and Nadai (references 7 to 9), which is derived for the condition of constant directions and ratios of the principal stresses during loading."
Date: 1951
Creator: Wu, M H Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of pressure studies and experimental and theoretical downwash and sidewash behind five pointed-tip wings at supersonic speeds

Description: Flow-angle and pressure surveys behind five, thin, pointed-tip wings of varying plan form have been made at Mach numbers 1.62 and 2.41. Schlieren studies at a Mach number 1.93 for the same five plan-form wings were made to illustrate the behavior of the vortex sheet. The surveys were conducted at 1.5, 3, and 4 root chords behind three triangular wings of 50 degree, 63 degree, and 72 degree leading-edge sweep angle, and behind the 50 degree triangular wing reversed. The flow behind a pointed-tip wing having a sweptback leading edge and a sweptforward trailing edge (both 50 degrees) was also surveyed. Experiment and one of the theoretical methods are compared for the reversed triangular wing and the pointed-tip wing with the 50 degree sweptback leading edge and sweptforward trailing edge.
Date: January 1, 1958
Creator: Boatright, William B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of spanwise temperature distribution in three types of air-cooled turbine blade

Description: From Summary: An approximate method for determining the allowable stress-limited blade-temperature distribution is included, with brief accounts of a method for determining the maximum allowable effective gas temperatures and the cooling-air requirements. Numerical examples that illustrate the use of the various temperature-distribution equations and of the nondimensional charts are also included.
Date: 1950~
Creator: Livingood, John N B & Brown, W Byron
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of temperature distribution in liquid-cooled turbine blades

Description: From Summary: "This report presents analytical methods for computing temperature distributions in liquid-cooled turbine blades, or in simplified shapes used to approximate sections of the blade. The individual analyses are first presented in terms of their mathematical development. Nondimensional charts to simplify some temperature-distribution calculations are also given."
Date: October 27, 1950
Creator: Livingood, John N B & Brown, W Byron
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of the effects of aeroelasticity on static longitudinal stability and control of a swept-wing airplane

Description: From Introduction: "The results of the aforementioned study are presented in this report together with the method of analysis employed. The net stability change is shown together with the individual contributions due to flexibility of wing, tail, and fuselage, both including and neglecting the effect of inertial loads."
Date: 1957?~
Creator: Skoog, Richard B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the effects of boundary-layer control in the take-off and power-off landing performance characteristics of a liaison type of airplane

Description: A performance analysis has been made to determine whether boundary-layer control by suction might reduce the minimum take-off and landing distances of a four-place or five-place airplane or a liaison type of airplane below those obtainable with conventional high-lift devices. The airplane was assumed to have a cruise duration of 5 hours at 60-percent power and to be operating from airstrips having a ground friction coefficient of 0.2 or a combined ground and braking coefficient of 0.4. The payload was fixed at 1500 pounds, the wing span was varied from 25 to 100 feet, the aspect ratio was varied from 5 to 15, and the power was varied from 300 to 1300 horsepower. Maximum lift coefficients of 5.0 and 2.8 were assumed for the airplanes with and without boundary-layer-control --equipment weight was included. The effects of the boundary-layer control on total take-off distance, total power-off landing distance, landing and take-off ground run, stalling speed, sinking speed, and gliding speed were determined.
Date: 1951
Creator: Horton, Elmer A; Loftin, Laurence K; Racisz, Stanley F & Quinn, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the effects of wing interference on the tail contributions to the rolling derivatives

Description: From Introduction: "This report presents calculations of the angularity of the air stream with respect to the vertical tail for a rolling airplane, the interference effects of the wing being taken into account. A discussion of the factors which enter into the calculations is given and equations for applying the side-wash results to the determination of the tail contributions to the rolling-stability derivatives are included. The results are compared with some available experimental data."
Date: January 24, 1951
Creator: Michael, William H , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of the stability and ultimate compressive strength of short sheet-stringer panels with special reference to the influence of the riveted connection between sheet and stringer

Description: A method of strength analysis of short sheet-stringer panels subjected to compression is presented which takes into account the effect that the riveted attachments between the plate and the stiffeners have on the strength of panels. An analysis of experimental data shows that panel strength is highly influenced by rivet pitch, diameter, and location and that the degree of influence for a given riveting depends on the panel configuration and panel material.
Date: 1956
Creator: Semonian, Joseph W & Peterson, James P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of thrust augmentation of turbojet engines by water injection at compressor inlet including charts for calculating compression processes with water injection

Description: From Summary: "Curves are presented that show the theoretical performance of the augmentation method for various amounts of water injected and the effects of varying flight Mach number, altitude, ambient-air temperature, ambient relative humidity, compressor pressure ratio, and inlet-diffuser efficiency. Numerical examples, illustrating the use of the psychrometric chart and the Mollier diagram in calculating both compressor-inlet and compressor-outlet conditions when water is injected at the compressor inlet, are presented."
Date: 1951?~
Creator: Wilcox, E Clinton & Trout, Arthur M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of turbulent free-convection boundary layer on flat plate

Description: With the use of Karman's integrated momentum equation for the boundary layer and data on the wall-shearing stress and heat transfer in forced-convection flow, a calculation was carried out for the flow and heat transfer in the turbulent free-convection boundary layer on a vertical flat plate. The calculation is for a fluid with a Prandtl number that is close to 1. A formula was derived for the heat-transfer coefficient that was in good agreement with experimental data in the range of Grashof numbers from 10sup10 to 10sup12. Because of the good agreement between the theoretical formula and the experimental data, the formula may be used to obtain data for high Grashof numbers. The calculation also yielded formulas for the maximum velocity in the boundary layer and for boundary-layer thickness.
Date: 1951
Creator: Eckert, E R G & Jackson, Thomas W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of turbulent heat transfer, mass transfer, and friction in smooth tubes at high Prandtl and Schmidt numbers

Description: From Introduction: "In the analysis given herein, which was made at the NACA Lewis laboratory, the expression for eddy diffusivity given in reference 1 is modified in order to account for the effect of kinematic viscosity in reducing the turbulence in the region close to the wall. The effects of variable viscosity and of length-to-diameter ratio are also investigated."
Date: February 17, 1954
Creator: Deissler, Robert G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department