National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 123 Matching Results

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Air Forces Exerted on Streamlined Bodies with Round or Square Cross- Sections, When Placed Obliquely to the Airstream

Description: The question of behavior of a streamlined body with round or square cross-sections is of importance in determining the shape to give an airplane fuselage. It is our task here to show how the lift and drag are affected, with the object placed obliquely to the air stream.
Date: June 1924
Creator: Wieselsberger, C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air forces on airfoils moving faster than sound

Description: We are undertaking the task of computing the air forces on a slightly cambered airfoil in the absence of friction and with an infinite aspect ratio. We also assume in advance that the leading edge is very sharp and that its tangent lies in the direction of motion.
Date: June 1925
Creator: Ackeret, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air transport by gliders : some technical observations

Description: This short analysis may be useful in determining the real tactical possibilities of "glider trains" and in adopting the course to be followed in possible studies of these questions. In this analysis most prominent are: (a) the power required for the train in level flight; (b) its speed; (c) climb; and (d) the type of airplane best suited for towing as well as design requirements for transport gliders.
Date: June 1, 1941
Creator: Stepniewski, Wieslaw
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil Theory at Supersonic Speed

Description: From Summary: "A theory is developed for the airfoil of finite span at supersonic speed analogous to the Prandtl airfoil theory of 1918-1919 for incompressible flow. In addition to the profile and induced drags, account must be taken at supersonic flow of still another drag, namely, the wave drag, which is independent of the wing aspect ratio. Both wave and induced drags are proportional to the square of the lift and depend on the Mach number, that is, the ratio of flight to sound speed. In general, in the case of supersonic flow, the drag-lift ratio is considerably less favorable than is the case for incompressible flow."
Date: June 1939
Creator: Schlichting, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of spinning in a monoplane wing by the induction method as compared with the strip method

Description: The problem of autorotation has been attacked by various authors, in particular Fuchs and Schmidt who applied the so-called strip method which is based upon the assumption that the forces and moments per unit length acting in each section of the wing are equal to those on an infinite cylindrical wing of equal section in an air flow of intensity and direction resulting from the apparent relative motion of this section with respect to the surrounding air. In other words they disregarded the induced velocities, which, however, are of such importance that their omission is bound to result in appreciable errors, as we attempt to prove in this report.
Date: June 1, 1934
Creator: Poggi, L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Behavior of static pressure heads at high speeds

Description: These tests proved the practicability of static pressure heads at speeds up to 400 km/h (248.5 mph). It weighs 6.5 kg or 2.5 times as much as the old head. The position of the pressure head below the airplane was determined by bearing method at different speeds and for different lengths of suspension. It was established that for the measured speed range a 20 to 24 meter suspension length was sufficient to assure a minimum distance of 6 meters from the airplane without introducing any appreciable errors in the results due to wrong static pressure.
Date: June 1, 1938
Creator: Danielzig, Helmut
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Behavior of vortex systems

Description: Progressive application of the Kutta-Joukowsky theorem to the relationship between airfoil lift and circulation affords a number of formulas concerning the conduct of vortex systems. The application of this line of reasoning to several problems of airfoil theory yields an insight into many hitherto little observed relations. This report is confined to plane flow, hence all vortex filaments are straight and mutually parallel (perpendicular to the plane of flow).
Date: June 1933
Creator: Betz, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of load distribution in stiffened cylindrical shells

Description: Thin-walled shells with strong longitudinal and transverse stiffening (for example, stressed-skin fuselages and wings) may, under certain simplifying assumptions, be treated as static systems with finite redundancies. In this report the underlying basis for this method of treatment of the problem is presented and a computation procedure for stiffened cylindrical shells with curved sheet panels indicated. A detailed discussion of the force distribution due to applied concentrated forces is given, and the discussion illustrated by numerical examples which refer to an experimentally determined circular cylindrical shell.
Date: June 1, 1938
Creator: Ebner, H & Koller, H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calibration and Measurement in Turbulence Research by the Hot-Wire Method

Description: The problem of turbulence in aerodynamics is at present being attacked both theoretically and experimentally. In view of the fact however that purely theoretical considerations have not thus far led to satisfactory results the experimental treatment of the problem is of great importance. Among the different measuring procedures the hot wire methods are so far recognized as the most suitable for investigating the turbulence structure. The several disadvantages of these methods however, in particular those arising from the temperature lag of the wire can greatly impair the measurements and may easily render questionable the entire value of the experiment. The name turbulence is applied to that flow condition in which at any point of the stream the magnitude and direction of the velocity fluctuate arbitrarily about a well definable mean value. This fluctuation imparts a certain whirling characteristic to the flow.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Kovasznay, Kaszlo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Choice of profile for the wings of an airplane. Part I

Description: The choice of the profile for the wings of an airplane is a problem which should be solved by a scientific method based on data obtained by systematic experimentation. The problem, in its present form, may be stated as follows: "To find a profile which has certain required aerodynamic characteristics and which encloses the spars, whose number, dimensions and separating distance are likewise determined by structural considerations." At present, the static test, corresponding to the case of accelerated flight at limited speed, requires the knowledge of the moment of the aerodynamic resultant at the angle of zero lift, and the possibility of controlling the magnitude of the corresponding absolute coefficient within more or less extensive limits.
Date: June 1, 1928
Creator: Toussaint, A & Carafoli, E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Climbing efficiency of aircraft

Description: The object of this report was to indicate that we frequently only make use of 50 percent of the maximum brake horsepower of the engine in taking off the ground, that this loss is not inevitable, and that the effort to get engines of low weight per horsepower by boosting revolutions is of very little use to bombers and commercial airplanes.
Date: June 1, 1927
Creator: Walker, C C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comfort in flight

Description: Some advances in passenger comfort are discussed, namely, ventilated cabins, heating, seating arrangements, and doors.
Date: June 1, 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compression Shocks of Detached Flow

Description: It is known that compression shocks which lead from supersonic to subsonic velocity cause the flow to separate on impact on a rigid wall. Such shocks appear at bodies with circular symmetry or wing profiles on locally exceeding sonic velocity, and in Laval nozzles with too high a back pressure. The form of the compression shocks observed therein is investigated.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Eggink
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computation of Thin-Walled Prismatic Shells

Description: We consider a prismatic shell consisting of a finite number of narrow rectangular plates and having in the cross-section a finite number of closed contours (fig. 1(a)). We shall assume that the rectangular plates composing the shell are rigidly joined so that there is no motion of any kind of one plate relative to the others meeting at a given connecting line. The position of a point on the middle prismatic surface is considered to be defined by the coordinate z, the distance to a certain initial cross-section z = O, end the coordinate s determining its position on the contour of the cross-section.
Date: June 1949
Creator: Vlasov, V. Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Contribution to the problem of airfoils spanning a free jet

Description: After a brief discussion of the work done up to now on an unwarped wing of constant chord spanning a free jet, the computation of the circulation and lift distribution for different forms of warped wings spanning rectangular and circular jets was carried out. The computed values are compared with test values and the agreement is found to be good. The effect of placing the wing eccentrically is slight and may be applied as a correction factor to the data obtained for wing placed in middle of jet.
Date: June 1, 1936
Creator: Stuper, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Contribution to the Problem of Flow at High Speed

Description: The authors regret that due to the lack of time the investigations could not be carried out to a more finished form. Especially in the first part it was intended to include a few further applications and to use them in the general considerations of this part. In spite of the fact that the intentions of the authors could not be realized, the authors felt that it would serve the aims of the competition to present part I in its present fragmentary form. The topics include: 1) A Few General Remarks Covering the Prandtl-Busemann Method; and 2) Effect of Compressibility in Axially Symmetrical Flow around an Ellipsoid.
Date: June 1949
Creator: Schmieden, C. & Kawalki, K. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Contribution to the theory of propeller vibrations

Description: This report presents a calculation of the torsional frequencies of revolving bars with allowance for the air forces. Calculation of the flexural or bonding frequencies of revolving straight or tapered bars in terms of the angular velocity of revolution. Calculation on the basis of Rayleigh's principle of variation. There is also a discussion of error estimation and the accuracy of results. The author then provides an application of the theory to screw propellers for airplanes and the discusses the liability of propellers to damage through vibrations due to lack of uniform loading.
Date: June 1, 1930
Creator: Liebers, F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The controls of an airplane

Description: The control of an airplane is discussed beginning with sideways motion and following up with control by weight shifting and by swinging wing tips.
Date: June 1, 1923
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department