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Airfoil in sinusoidal motion in a pulsating stream

Description: The forces and moments on a two-dimensional airfoil executing harmonic motions in a pulsating stream are derived on the basis of non-stationary incompressible potential flow theory, with the inclusion of the effect of the continuous sheet of vortices shed from the trailing edge. An assumption as to the form of the wake is made with a certain degree of approximation. A comparison with previous work applicable only to the special case of a stationary airfoil is made by means of a numerical example, and the excellent agreement obtained shows that the wake approximation is quite sufficient. The results obtained are expected to be useful in considerations of forced vibrations and flutter of rotary wing aircraft.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Greenberg, J Mayo
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of compressible flows past aerodynamic shapes by use of the streamline curvature

Description: A simple approximate method is given for the calculation of isentropic irrotational flows past symmetrical airfoils, including mixed subsonic-supersonic flows. The method is based on the choice of suitable values for the streamline curvature in the flow field and the subsequent integration of the equations of motion. The method yields limiting solutions for potential flow. The effect of circulation is considered. A comparison of derived velocity distributions with existing results that are based on calculation to the third order in the thickness ratio indicated satisfactory agreement. The results are also presented in the form of a set of compressibility correction rules that lie between the Prandtl-Glauert rule and the von Karman-Tsien rule (approximately). The different rules correspond to different values of the local shape parameter square root sign YC sub a, in which Y is the ordinate and C sub a is the curvature at a point on an airfoil. Bodies of revolution, completely supersonic flows, and the significance of the limiting solutions for potential flow are also briefly discussed.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Perl, W
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calibration and Measurement in Turbulence Research by the Hot-Wire Method

Description: The problem of turbulence in aerodynamics is at present being attacked both theoretically and experimentally. In view of the fact however that purely theoretical considerations have not thus far led to satisfactory results the experimental treatment of the problem is of great importance. Among the different measuring procedures the hot wire methods are so far recognized as the most suitable for investigating the turbulence structure. The several disadvantages of these methods however, in particular those arising from the temperature lag of the wire can greatly impair the measurements and may easily render questionable the entire value of the experiment. The name turbulence is applied to that flow condition in which at any point of the stream the magnitude and direction of the velocity fluctuate arbitrarily about a well definable mean value. This fluctuation imparts a certain whirling characteristic to the flow.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Kovasznay, Kaszlo
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Comparison of Three Theoretical Methods of Calculating Span Load Distribution on Swept Wings

Description: Three methods for calculating span load distribution, those developed by V.M Falkner, Wm. Mutterperl, and J. Weissinger, have been applied to five swept wings. The angles of sweep ranged from -45 degrees to +45 degrees. These methods were examined to establish their relative accuracy and case of application. Experimentally determined loadings were used as a basis for judging accuracy. For the convenience of the readers the computing forms and all information requisite to their application are included in appendixes. From the analysis it was found that the Weissinger method would be best suited to an over-all study of the effects of plan form on the span loading and associated characteristics of wings. The method gave good, but not best, accuracy and involved by far the least computing effort. The Falkner method gave the best accuracy but at a considerable expanse in computing effort and hence appeared to be most useful for a detailed study of a specific wing. The Mutterperl method offered no advantages in accuracy of facility over either of the other methods and hence is not recommended for use.
Date: June 9, 1947
Creator: VanDorn, Nicholas H. & DeYoung, John
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compression Shocks of Detached Flow

Description: It is known that compression shocks which lead from supersonic to subsonic velocity cause the flow to separate on impact on a rigid wall. Such shocks appear at bodies with circular symmetry or wing profiles on locally exceeding sonic velocity, and in Laval nozzles with too high a back pressure. The form of the compression shocks observed therein is investigated.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Eggink
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Crystal Structure at Room Temperature of Six Cast Heat-Resisting Alloys

Description: The crystal structures of alloys 61, X-40,X-50, 422-19, 6059, and Vitallium, derived from x-ray diffraction, are discussed. The alloys have been, or are being considered for use in gas turbine applications. The predominant phase was a solid solution of the face centered cubic type of the principal constituent elements.The lattice parameters were found to be between 3.5525 and 3.5662.
Date: June 3, 1947
Creator: Rosenbaum, Burt M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Description of Russian Aircraft Engines "AM 35" and "AM 38"

Description: The Russian AM 35 and AM 38 aircraft engines have superchargers with a swirl throttle, which appears to be a purely Russian development. This paper gives the results of test runs of the two engines, including the effects of the swirl throttle on engine performance.
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Denkmeier, H. & Gross, K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Slot-Entry Skirt Extensions on Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Wing Section of the XB-36 Airplane Equipped with a Double Slotted Flap

Description: An investigation was made in the Langley two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel on a wing section for the XB-36 airplane equipped with a double slotted flap to determine the effect on lift and drag of various slot-entry skirt extension. A skirt extension of 0.787 deg. was found to provide the best combination of high maximum lift with flap deflected and law drag with flap retracted. The data showed that the maximum lift at intermediate (20 deg. to 45 deg.) flap deflections was lowered considerably by the slot-entry extension; but at high flap deflections the effect was small. An increase in Reynolds number from 2.4 million to 6.0 million increased the maximum.lift coefficient at a flap deflection of 55 deg. from 3.12 to 3.30 and from 1.18 to 1.40 for the flap retracted condition, but did not greatly affect the maximum lift coefficient for intermediate flap deflections. The flap and fore flap load data indicated that the maximum lift coefficients at high flap deflections are limited by a breakdown in the flow over the .flaps.
Date: June 30, 1947
Creator: Cahill, Jones F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of a Fuselage on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 42 Degree Sweptback Wing at Reynolds Numbers to 8,000,000

Description: Wind-tunnel investigations were made in pitch and yaw with and without split flaps. Presence of the fuselage had negligible effect on values of maximum lift coefficient and slope of lift curve, but caused a destabilizing shift in the rate of change of pitching moment with lift. Effects of fuselage position on drag characteristics were small for wings without flaps, but were appreciable when split flaps were on.
Date: June 10, 1947
Creator: Salmi, Reino J.; Conner, D. William & Graham, Robert R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effects of Reynolds Number on the Application of NACA 16 Series Airfoil Characteristics to Propeller Design

Description: An analysis has been made of airfoil data taken on several NACA 16-series propeller airfoils from tests of 5-inch-chord models in the Langley 24 inch high-speed tunnel and l2-inch-chord models in the Langley 8 foot high-speed tunnel, This analysis has shown that the combined effects of Reynolds number changes and variations in airfoil characteristics resulting from differences in models and tunnels are such that when 5 inch-chord and l2-inch-chord data are applied to full-scale propeller design at or near the design condition, differences of less than 1 percent in efficiency will be involved.
Date: June 11, 1947
Creator: Cleary, Harold E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department