National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 109 Matching Results

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Air-flow experiments

Description: This report describes the apparatus used to take air-flow photographs. The photographs show chiefly the spiral course of the lines of flow near the tip of the wing. They constitute therefore a visual presentation of the phenomena covered by airfoil theory.
Date: May 1924
Creator: Wieselsberger, C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air traffic

Description: This report presents a recounting of the steps taken by France to establish national and international regulation over air traffic.
Date: May 1, 1922
Creator: Sudre, G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aviation and insurance

Description: This article considers some of the causes which hinder the development of aircraft insurance. Different risks are discussed as well as the causes of aircraft accidents. Pilot error, poor airdromes, weather conditions, poorly adapted airplanes, and engine failures are all examined and some conclusions are made.
Date: May 1922
Creator: Mayo, R H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Balanced and servo control surfaces

Description: Many reports on various control systems are available, but the results cannot be generally applied since the effect of particular changes of surface-form and mounting are subject to variations depending upon airfoil section and influences of airplane layout. This report presents a simple analysis of several control systems in more general use. Elevators, ailerons, and rudders are all discussed.
Date: May 1, 1930
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boundary Layer

Description: From Introduction: "The fundamental, practically the most important branch of the modern mechanics of a viscous fluid or a gas, is that branch which concerns itself with the study of the boundary layer. The presence of a boundary layer accounts for the origin of the resistance and lift force, the breakdown of the smooth flow about bodies, and other phenomena that are associated with the motion of a body in a real fluid. The concept of boundary layer was clearly formulated by the founder of aerodynamics, N. E. Joukowsky, in his well-known work "On the Form of Ships" published as early as 1890."
Date: May 1956
Creator: Loitsianskii, L. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chief characteristics and advantages of tailless airplanes

Description: This study will be concerned with the critical examination of two main questions, mainly, susceptibility of centering and more generally, the conditions of static stability, longitudinal equilibrium, and the question of dynamic stability, or at least the damping of longitudinal vibrations about a position of equilibrium that may result from a small variation in the angle of attack.
Date: May 1, 1936
Creator: Dufaure De Lajarte, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The choice of air routes

Description: The author lists rules for the development and planning of air routes. He uses as examples India and Texas, as well as discussing the need for more landing fields.
Date: May 1, 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combined pitching and yawing motion of airplanes

Description: This report treats the following problems: The beginning of the investigated motions is always a setting of the lateral controls, i.e., the rudder or the ailerons. Now, the first interesting question is how the motion would proceed if these settings were kept unchanged for some time; and particularly, what upward motion would set in, how soon, and for how long, since therein lie the dangers of yawing. Two different motions ensue with a high rate of turn and a steep down slope of flight path in both but a marked difference in angle of attack and consequently different character in the resultant aerodynamic forces: one, the "corkscrew" dive at normal angle, and the other, the "spin" at high angle.
Date: May 1931
Creator: Baranoff, A. V. & Hopf, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparative Results of Tests on Several Different Types of Nozzles

Description: This paper presents the results of tests conducted to determine the effect of the constructional elements of a Laval nozzle on the velocity and pressure distribution and the magnitude of the reaction force of the jet. The effect was studied of the shapes of the entrance section of the nozzle and three types of divergent sections: namely, straight cone, conoidal with cylindrical and piece and diffuser obtained computationally by a graphical method due to Professor F. I. Frankle. The effect of the divergence angle of the nozzle on the jet reaction was also investigated. The results of the investigation showed that the shape of the generator of the inner surface of the entrance part of the nozzle essentially has no effect on the character of the flow and on the reaction. The nozzle that was obtained by graphical computation assured the possibility of obtaining a flow for which the velocity of all the gas particles is parallel to the axis of symmetry of the nozzle, the reaction being on the average 2 to 3 percent greater than for the usual conical nozzle under the same conditions, For the conical nozzle the maximum reaction was obtained for a cone angle of 25deg to 27deg. At the end of this paper a sample computation is given by the graphical method. The tests were started at the beginning of 1936 and this paper was written at the same time.
Date: May 1, 1944
Creator: Kisenko, M. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of resistance and trimming moment of planing water craft

Description: This report presents a new theory which makes it possible to interpret the resistance and the trimming moment for any loading of a planing aircraft when these values are given for one load. This application of the new theory forms the basis of the present paper. Derivations of various conversion formulas are given as well as numerous examples.
Date: May 1931
Creator: Schroder, P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of stresses and deformations of aircraft propellers

Description: A method is described for testing the strength of propellers of any shape. It is shown that the shape of the propeller greatly affects the stresses, and that great caution must be exercised if the relieving effect of the centrifugal force, which exists in every propeller with a straight blade axis, is to be increased by curving the blade axis. In a numerical example, the calculation is made for a certain revolution speed at which the actual distortion is then measured. The results of the calculation agree satisfactorily with the experimental results.
Date: May 1, 1932
Creator: Seewald, Friedrich
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determining the velocity distribution in the boundary layer of an airfoil fitted with a rotary cylinder

Description: In the closer investigation of the results obtained from a wing model with a rotary cylinder mounted in its leading edge (NACA TM's 307 and 354), the velocity distribution in the vicinity of the surface of the model was determined by a hot-wire anemometer. The results confirmed the belief that the rotary cylinder had considerable effect on the air flow, but demonstrated the fact that the direct influence of the cylinder is confined to a very thin layer in immediate proximity to the surface.
Date: May 1, 1927
Creator: Van Der Hegge Zijnen, B G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of the Junkers-Diesel aircraft engine

Description: The working process of the Junkers engine has resulted from a series of attempts to attain high performance and to control the necessarily rapid and complete combustion at extremely high speeds. The two main problems of Diesel engines in aircraft are addressed; namely, incomplete combustion and the greater weight of Diesel engine parts compared to gasoline engines.
Date: May 1, 1930
Creator: Gasterstadt,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department