A 1/5.5-size powered dynamic model of the Columbia XJL-1 amphibian was landed in Langley tank no. 1 in smooth water and in oncoming waves of heights from 2.1 feet to 6.4 feet (full-size) and lengths from 50 feet to 264 feet (full-size). The motions and the vertical accelerations of the model were continuously recorded. The greatest vertical acceleration measured during the smooth-water landings was 3.1g.
Investigations were conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the performance and operational characteristics of the 19B-2, 19B-8, and 19XS-1 turbojet engines. One objective was to determine the effect of altitude, flight Mach number, and tail-pipe-nozzle area on the performance characteristics of the six-stage and ten-stage axial-flow compressors of the 19B-8 and 19XB-1 engines, respectively, The data were obtained over a range of simulated altitudes and flight Mach numbers. At each simulated flight condition the engine was run over its full operable range of speeds. Performance characteristics of the 19B-8 and 19XB-1 compressors for the range of operation obtainable in the turboJet-engine installation are presented. Compressor characteristics are presented as functions of air flow corrected to sea-level conditions, compressor Mach number, and compressor load coefficient. For the range of compressor operation investigated, changes in Reynolds number had no measurable effect on the relations among compressor Mach number, corrected air flow, compressor load coefficient, compressor pressure ratio, and compressor efficiency. The operating lines for the 19B-8 compressor lay on the low-air-flow side of the region of maximum compressor efficiency; the 19B-8 compressor operated at higher average pressure coefficients per stage and produced a lower over-all pressure ratio than did the 19XB-1 compressor.
From Introduction: "This report presents an analysis based on flight and wind-tunnel test data directed toward the determination of the probable cause of the pitch-up. Wing pressure distribution and stability and control characteristics in the dive are also included."
Stress-rupture data for four heat-resisting alloys are analyzed according to equations of the theory of rate processes. A method for determining the four parameters of structure and composition is demonstrated and the four parameters are determined for each of the alloys: forged S816, cast S816, cast S590, and cast Vitallium. It is concluded that parameters can be determined for an alloy provided sufficient reliable experimental data are available.
Report presenting the results of pressure-distribution tests to determine the effects of compressibility on the characteristics of the NACA 66,2-215, 66,2-015, 65(216)-418, 16-212, and 23015 airfoil sections. Schileren photographs of the air flow and data on the wake characteristics was also obtained.
Report presenting an investigation of aileron flutter associated with high-speed flight. When the aileron control system was modified by installing a hydraulic irreversible unit, it was possible to delay aileron flutter and reduce its amplitude. Results regarding the aileron flutter with and without the modifications, analysis of the time histories for the control systems, and relation between aileron upfloat and flutter are provided.
Flight tests were conducted at the Flight Test Station of the Pilotless Aircraft Research Division at Wallop Island, Va., to determine the longitudinal control and stability characteristics of 0.5-scale models of the Fairchild Lark pilotless aircraft with the tail in line with the wings a d with the horizontal wing flaps deflected 60 deg. The data were obtained by the use of a telemeter and by radar tracking.
Investigations were conducted to determine effectiveness of refrigerants in increasing thrust of turbojet engines. Mixtures of water an alcohol were injected for a range of total flows up to 2.2 lb/sec. Kerosene was injected into inlets covering a range of injected flows up to approximately 30% of normal engine fuel flow. Injection of 2.0 lb/sec of water alone produced an increase in thrust of 35.8% of rate engine conditions and kerosene produced a negligible increase in thrust. Carbon dioxide increased thrust 23.5 percent.
Report presenting the results of an investigation conducted in the altitude wind tunnel to determine the performance of a 20-inch ramjet. The investigation was conducted at a range of altitudes and ram-pressure ratios using preheated 62-octane fuel. A net thrust of 8135 pounds educed to standard sea-level conditions, a net-thrust coefficient of 0.74, and an overall efficiency of 12.6 percent were attained at Mach number 1.845 at which the engine with a 5-foot combustion chamber was operated.
Report presenting calculations based on a theoretical analysis for a composite engine consisting of a uniflow two-stroke-cycle spark-ignition engine, a compressor, a blowdown turbine, and a steady-flow turbine. Operation of the engine is considered for four cases of gas mixtures and steady-flow turbine temperatures.
Report presenting testing of a full-scale, semispan, horizontal tail surface for a jet-propelled fighter airplane in the 16-foot high-speed tunnel to determine the variation of the chordwise and spanwise pressure distributions with Mach number. Surface irregularities were found to cause appreciable distortion of the pressure distribution. Results regarding chordwise distributions, spanwise distribution, effect of Mach number on root bending moment, and estimated critical Mach numbers are provided.
Report presenting the use of wall perforations on supersonic diffusers to avoid the internal contraction-ratio limitation. Experimental results on a preliminary model of a perforated diffuser at Mach number 1.85 are provided. A theoretical discussion of the flow coefficients and the size and spacing of the perforations are included.
Report presenting an investigation in the 300 mph 7- by 10-foot tunnel to determine what modifications could be made to conventional bomb bays to reduce the tumbling difficulties experienced with light-weight bombs. The investigation indicated that there is a definite region of reversed flow inside the bomb bay which must be weakened or destroyed if good drops are to be obtained.