From Summary: "The results of an experimental investigation of an NACA submerged-air-inlet system on a 1/5-scale model of a fighter airplane are presented. Preliminary development tests were conducted to select the optimum entrance configuration. Duct-system total-pressure losses and pressure distributions over the lip and ramp of this air intake were obtained."
Report presenting a flight investigation conducted to establish the heat requirements for ice prevention on aircraft windshields mounted on the forebody of an airplane at several angles. Electrically heated windshields were used in order to provide accurate measuring of heat input to the windshield. Results regarding the quantity of heat provided, amount of water collection, ideal windshield angle, ranges in airplane velocity, and icing conditions are provided.
The tests reported herein were made for the purpose of determining the high-speed load distribution on the wing of a 3/16 scale model of the Douglas XSB2D-1 airplane. Comparisons are made between the root bending moment and section torsional moment coefficients as obtained experimentally and derived analytically. The results show good correlation for the bending moment coefficients but considerable disagreement for the torsional moment coefficients, the measured moments being greater than the analytical moments. The effects of Mach number on both the bending moment and torsional moment coefficients were small.
Report presenting the results of testing in the transonic range of four flutter airfoils attached to a freely falling body. Failures of the airfoils were metered and recorded in order to determine the Mach numbers and altitudes of failure.
The sea-level performance of I-16 turbojet engine at zero ram was investigated to determine the effects of an intake duct, shroud, and tail pipe intended for installation in an XFR-1 airplane. Engine speeds ranged from 8000 to 16,500 rpm for several variations of the intake duct and tail pipes.
Tests of a 1/20-scale model of the Fleetwings XBTK-1 airplane have been performed in the Langley 15-foot free-spinning tunnel to determine the trim tendencies of the airplane at attitudes above the stall. The results of the tests indicated that the model would trim longitudinally only in the normal range of angles of attack and that the yaw trim tendencies for such longitudinal trim conditions were normal. Although wide oscillations in yaw were noted for some conditions, they occurred at angles of attack larger than those indicated as possible for longitudinal trim and spin equilibrium. It appears, therefore, that the oscillatory motions reported for the airplane may have been the direct result of control movements rather than the result of inherent oscillatory tendencies.
From Summary: "An investigation of the DM-1 Glider, which had approximately triangular plan form, an aspect ratio of 1.8 and a 60 degree sweptback leading edge, has been conducted in the Langley full-scale tunnel. The investigation consisted of the determination of the separate effects of the following modifications made to the glider on its maximum lift and stability characteristics: (a) installation of sharp leading edges over the inboard semispan of the wing, (b) removal of the vertical fin, (c) sealing of the elevon control-balance slots, (d) installation of redesigned thin vertical surfaces, (e) installation of faired sharp leading edges, and (f) installation of canopy."
Report presenting measurements using the NACA wing-flow method of the lift, pitching-moment, and hinge-moment characteristics of a 35 degree sweptback NACA 65-009 airfoil of aspect ratio 3.04 with a full-span 1/4-chord unsealed plain flap. The tests were carried out at a range of Mach numbers, Reynolds numbers, angles of attack, and flap deflections. Variations of lift and pitching moment with angle of attack or flap deflection were approximately rectilinear at all Mach numbers for moderate angles of attack and flap deflections.
Compilation of the papers presented at a NACA conference on transonic airplane design, including stability and control and configurations with extreme sweep. From Introduction: "The purpose of this conference was to convey to those involved in the study of the aerodynamic problems of transonic aircraft these recent research results and to provide those attending an opportunity for discussion of the results."
From experience gained by NACA test pilots in flying at high subsonic Mach numbers and from interpretation of the data obtained, some general precautionary rules for test flying near sonic Mach numbers have been formulated. The reasons for these rules are discussed and observations are made with respect to the hazards arising from undesirable stability and control characteristics which have been noted in test flights of various airplanes. This paper, although written primarily for the attention of test pilots, contains general information of interest to those who are concerned with various phases of flight testing near sonic Mach numbers.
The variation of pressure distribution is calculated for a two-dimensional supersonic airfoil either experiencing a sudden angle-of-attack change or entering a sharp-edge gust. From these pressure distributions the indicial lift functions applicable to unsteady lift problems are determined for two cases. Results are presented which permit the determination of maximum increment in lift coefficient attained by an unrestrained airfoil during its flight through a gust. As an application of these results, the minimum altitude for safe flight through a specific gust is calculated for a particular supersonic wing of given strength and wing loading.
Tests were made in the Langley 7- by 10-foot tunnel on a 0.182-scale model of an F4U-1 airplane with external stores. This paper is concerned mainly with presenting the data obtained in this investigation and with a comparison of some of these data with flight-test results determining the feasibility of estimating flight buffet Mach number from tunnel data. The results of this investigation indicate that the incremental drag coefficient due to external stores may be used to estimate the maximum Mach number that the F4U-1 airplane may reach in flight when it is equipped with external stores. This estimation is conservative for the five configurations investigated by mounts varying from 0 to 10 percent of the flight limit Mach number. The free-stream tunnel Mach number corresponding to sonic flow over the lower surface of the wing in the region of the store is a good indication of the lower limit of buffet in flight of the F4U-1 airplane when equipped with external stores. The fluctuations of total pressure over the horizontal tail are not sufficiently large (maximum of 1 percent q(sub o) to cause buffeting of the airplane.
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