From Introduction: "The present paper presents the scale effect on the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics, the aerodynamic characteristics in yaw, and the tuft studies for 0^o and 3.7^o yaw. The results of the effect of leading-edge and trailing-edge flaps on the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing will be presented in later reports."
Report discussing an investigation to determine the effects of sweepback and low aspect ratio on the aerodynamic characteristics of a wing at high subsonic Mach numbers. Tests were performed at aspect ratios of 2, 3, and 5 and sweepback angles of 0, 30, and 45 degrees. Generally, sweepback and low aspect ratio were found to both delay and lessen the effects of compressibility.
This report contains the flight-test results of the stalling characteristics measured during the flying-qualities investigation of the Lockheed P-8OA airplane (Army No. 44-85099). The tests were conducted in straight and turning flight with and without wing-tip tanks. These tests showed satisfactory stalling characteristics and adequate stall warning for all configurations and conditions tested.
An investigation of the spin and recovery characteristics of a 1/24-scale model of the McDonnell XP-88 airplane has been conducted in the Langley 20-foot free-spinning tunnel. The effects of control settings and movements on the erect and inverted spin and recovery characteristics of the model in the normal loading were determined. Tests of the model in the long-range loading also were made. The investigation included tail-modification, spin-recovery parachute, pilot-escape, and rudder-pedal-force tests. Recoveries were generally satisfactory for spins in the normal loading provided the ailerons were not held against the spin. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained regardless of the aileron setting when the leading-edge flaps were deflected and normal recovery technique was used or when the horizontal tail was raised 70 inches, full scale. Recoveries were rapid from all inverted spins obtained. In the long-range loading with tanks on, it may be necessary to jettison the tanks in order to obtain recovery. A 12.0-foot spin-recovery parachute at the tail or a 4.0-foot parachute opened on the outer wing tip (drag coefficient of 0.66) was found to be effective for recoveries from demonstration spins. Test results showed that in an emergency the pilot should attempt to escape from the outboard side of the spinning airplane. The rudder-pedal forces in a spin were indicated to be within the capabilities of the pilot.
Report presenting a high-speed wind-tunnel investigation of a pitot-static tube to provide information on the effects of compressibility upon the pressure indications of a representative airspeed head at high subsonic speeds. The calibration factor for the instrument has been evaluated for several small angles of pitch and yaw throughout a Mach number range from 0.30 to approximately 0.925. The results indicate that the calibration factor for each combination of pitch and yaw angles tested is almost constant with Mach number up to a Mach number of approximately 0.8.
From Summary: "An analysis of the effects of compressibility on the longitudinal stability, control, and trim of airplanes flying at high subsonic speeds and a discussion of the causes of and the means for lessening or preventing the diving tendency are presented. Wind-tunnel results for Mach numbers up to 0.90 are included for purposes of illustration and cover several investigations of longitudinal stability and control, airfoil characteristics, dive-recovery aids, and elevator characteristics. Methods are indicated for compensating for the undesirable control tendencies results from the characteristics of the wing at supercritical speeds by the appropriate choice of elevator contour."
The performance of a mixed-flow impeller in combination with a semivaneless diffuser were experimentally investigated. The diameter of the impeller was 11.0 inches and a maximum tip diameter of 14.74 inches. The semivaneless diffuser had an overall diameter of 28.00 inches. The performance properties of the mixed-flow impeller were also investigated with a 34.00 inch vane loss diffuser having a transition section of the same geometry as the semivaneless diffuser.
The 19xB compressor, which replaces the 19B coaapreseor and has the same length and diameter 88 the 19B compressor, was designed with 10 stages to deliver 30 pounds of air per second for a pressure ratio of 4.17 at an equivalent speed of 17,000 rpm; the 19B was designed with six stages for a pressure ratio of 2.7 at the same weight flow and speed as the 19XB compressor. The performance characteristics of the new compressor were determined at the NACA Cleveland laboratory at the request of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department. Results are presented of the investigation made to evaluate the over-all performance of the compressor, the effects of possible leakage past the rotor rear air seal, the effects of inserting instruments in each row of stator blades and in the first row of outlet guide vanes, and the effects of changing the temperature and the pressure of the inlet air. The results of the interstage surveys are also presented.
"A preliminary investigation of the over-all performance of a simply constructed, short-life, turbojet engine was conducted. The unit was operated at a pressure altitude of 15,000 feet for ram-pressure ratios of 1.2 to 1.8. The corrected engine speed was varied from the minimum for good combustion to about 17,000 rpm, which is approximately 75 percent of rated speed. The performance is given by generalized parameters that permit the calculation of performance at any altitude" (p. 1).
An investigation was conducted to determine the operational and performance characteristics of the TG-100A gas turbine-propeller engine II. Windmilling characteristics were deterined for a range of altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet, true airspeeds from 100 to 273 miles per hour, and propeller blade angles from 4 degrees to 46 degrees.
The available foreign and American data relating to Reynolds number effects on the maximum lift coefficients of swept-back wings are summarized and discussed. The data show that at low Reynolds numbers (below about 2.0 x 10(exp 6)) higher maximum lift coefficients were measured in most cases for moderately swept-back wings than for unswept wings of similar plan form; at high Reynolds numbers, however, increasing sweepback resulted in decreasing maximum lift coefficients. A smaller rate of increase of the maximum lift coefficient with Reynolds number was measured for the swept-back wings than for similar unswept wings in the critical range of Reynolds number. Increasing the Reynolds number resulted in decreases in the maximum lift coefficients of the two wings of approximately triangular plan form that were investigated.
From Summary: "A theoretical study, based on the linearized equations of motion for small disturbance, is made of the air forces on wings of general plan forms moving forward at a constant supersonic speed. The boundary problem is set up for both the harmonically oscillating and the steady conditions. Two types of boundary conditions are distinguished, which are designated "purely supersonic" and "mixed supersonic." the method is illustrated by applications to a number of examples for both the steady and the oscillating conditions."
From Summary: "Wind-tunnel tests were made of a 1/25 scale model of the Martin JRM-1 airplane to determine: (1) The longitudinal stability and control characteristics of the JRM-1 model near the water and lateral and directional stability characteristics with power while moving on the surface of the water, the latter being useful for the design of tip floats; (2) The stability and stalling characteristics of the wing with a modified airfoil contour; (3) Stability characteristics of a hull of larger design gross weight; The test results indicated that the elevator was powerful enough to trim the original model in a landing configuration at any lift coefficient within the specified range of centers of gravity."
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