National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 659 Matching Results

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The American airship ZR-3

Description: This airship was built by the Zeppelin Airship Company at Friedrichshafen in 1923-4, for the United States Navy, as the reparations service of the German Government in fulfillment of the treaty of peace.
Date: November 1, 1924
Creator: Durr, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical Treatment of Normal Condensation Shock

Description: The condensation of water vapor in an air consequences: acquisition of heat (liberated heat vaporization; loss of mass on the part of the flowing gas (water vapor is converted to liquid); change in the specific gas constants and of the ratio k of the specific heats (caused by change of gas composition). A discontinuous change of state is therefore connected with the condensation; schlieren photographs of supersonic flows in two-dimensional Laval nozzles show two intersecting oblique shock fronts that in the case of high humidities may merge near the point of intersection into one normal shock front.
Date: July 1, 1947
Creator: Heybey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The balance of moments and the static longitudinal stability of airplanes

Description: A nomogram is developed which renders it possible by drawing a few lines, to determine: the location of the center of gravity for zero wing and tail moments; the longitudinal dihedral angle; the tail coefficient F(sub h) iota/F(sub t). Moreover there is no difficulty in determining the magnitude of the restoring moment or of the unstable moment.
Date: December 1, 1929
Creator: Muller, Horst
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Balanced and servo control surfaces

Description: Many reports on various control systems are available, but the results cannot be generally applied since the effect of particular changes of surface-form and mounting are subject to variations depending upon airfoil section and influences of airplane layout. This report presents a simple analysis of several control systems in more general use. Elevators, ailerons, and rudders are all discussed.
Date: May 1, 1930
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Balloon fabrics made of Goldbeater's skins

Description: Goldbeater's skin, which is the prepared outside membrane of the large intestine of an ox, is examined as a balloon fabric and details of how goldbeater's skin is prepared for use are provided. The construction techniques employed by Germany, France, and England are all discussed.
Date: December 1, 1922
Creator: Chollet, L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Balloon flight and atmospheric electricity

Description: The air is known to be charged with electricity (chiefly positive) with reference to the earth, so that its potential increases with the altitude and the difference in potential between two points in the same vertical line, divided by the distance between them, gives a value called the "potential gradient," which may vary greatly with the altitude, the nature of the ground and the atmospheric conditions.
Date: July 1, 1924
Creator: Herrera, Emilio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Basic Differential Equations in General Theory of Elastic Shells

Description: The shell shall be considered as a three-dimensional continuous medium; for the coordinate surface, the middle surface of the shell shall be assumed parallel to the bounding surfaces. Let alpha and beta be the curvilinear orthogonal coordinates of this surface, coinciding with the lines of principal curvatures, and gamma the distance along the normal from the point (alpha,beta) of the coordinate surface to any point (alpha,beta,gamma) of the shell.
Date: February 1, 1951
Creator: Vlasov, V. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Behavior of the Laminar Boundary Layer for Periodically Oscillating Pressure Variation

Description: The calculation of the phenomena within the boundary layer of bodies immersed in a flow underwent a decisive development on the basis of L. Prandtl's trains of thought, stated more than forth years ago, and by numerous later treatises again and again touching upon them. The requirements of the steadily improving aerodynamics of airplanes have greatly increased with the passing of time and recently research became particularly interested in such phenomena in the boundary layer as are caused by small external disturbances. Experimental results suggest that, for instance, slight fluctuations in the free stream velocities as they occur in wind tunnels or slight wavelike deviations of outer wing contours from the prescribed smooth course as they originate due to construction inaccuracies may exert strong effects on the extent of the laminar boundary layer on the body and thus on the drag. The development of turbulence in the last part of the laminar portion of the boundary layer is, therefore, the main problem, the solution of which explains the behavior of the transition point of the boundary layer. A number of reports in literature deal with this problem,for instance, those of Tollmien, Schlichting, Dryden, and Pretsch. The following discussion of the behavior of the laminar boundary layer for periodically oscillating pressure variation also purports to make a contribution to that subject.
Date: September 1, 1949
Creator: Quick, august Wilhelm & Schroeder, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boundary Layer Removal by Suction

Description: Flight-test data and wind-tunnel data on suction profiles are substantially in agreement. The lift values found in the model test can be actually flown and used as a basis for the design. To visualize the action of the suction, the flow conditions with and without suction on the upper surface were photographed; figures 12 to 15 are sections of the film.
Date: April 1, 1941
Creator: Schrenk, O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Breda wind tunnel

Description: A description of the design and construction of the Breda wind tunnel. The tunnel is equipped with a two-meter throat diameter and a 310 kph velocity potential.
Date: December 1, 1939
Creator: Pittoni, Mario
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The buckling of curved tension-field girders

Description: The present paper reports on experiments made to determine the buckling load under shear of circular curved tension-field webs. The buckling load of the webs may be expressed with reference to the buckling load of the stiffeners. It is found that within the explored range the buckling load is approximately twice as great as that of the identically stiffened flat wall of equal web depth.
Date: January 1, 1938
Creator: Limpert, G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Buckling tests of light-metal tubes

Description: I will attempt to determine mathematically the buckling-strength curves of various centrally loaded light-metal tubes which exhibit conspicuous differences of behavior under compressive loads. For this purpose I will employ Von Karman's method, after adapting it to special conditions.
Date: August 1, 1929
Creator: Schroeder, August
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Buckling tests with a spar-rib grill

Description: The present report deals with a comparison of mathematically and experimentally defined buckling loads of a spar-rib grill, on the assumption of constant spar section, and infinitely closely spaced ribs with rigidity symmetrical to the grill center. The loads are applied as equal bending moments at both spar ends, as compression in the line connecting the joints, and in the spar center line as the assumedly uniformly distributed spar weight.
Date: September 1, 1940
Creator: Weinhold, Josef
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculating thrust distribution and efficiency of air propellers

Description: I am now proposing a method for the preliminary approximate calculation of the thrust distribution and efficiency of air propellers under any operating conditions. Our task becomes the following, namely, to determine the speed relations and the forces developed on a section with a given direction and velocity of the air current, a problem which can be solved with the aid of the momentum theory.
Date: December 1, 1927
Creator: Bienen, Theodor
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Airplane Performances Without the Aid of Polar Diagrams

Description: For good profiles the profile-drag coefficient is almost constant in the whole range which comes into consideration for practical flight. This is manifest in the consideration of the Gottingen airfoil tests and is confirmed by the investigations of the writer (measurements of the profile drag during flight by the Betz method), concerning which a detailed report will soon be published. The following deductions proceed from this fact. The formulas developed on the assumptions of a constant profile-drag coefficient afford an extensive insight into the influences exerted on flight performances by the structure of the airplane.
Date: March 1, 1928
Creator: Schrenk, Martin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Counterrotating Propellers

Description: A method for calculation of a counterrotating propeller which is similar to Walchner's method for calculation of the single propeller in the free air stream is developed and compared with measurements. Several dimensions which are important for the design are given end simple formulas for the gain in efficiency derived. Finally a survey of the behavior of the propeller for various operating conditions is presented.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Ginzel, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The calculation of lateral stability with free controls

Description: The discussion of the structural methods for obtaining lateral stability discloses the remarkable influence of the constant fuselage and wing proportions to the yawing moments. For the effectiveness of modifications in vertical tail surfaces and tail length, these quotas - little observed heretofore, in this connection - are decisive. This also applies to the amount of dihedral of the wing with regard to the roll stability of the complete wing already existing without angle of the dihedral.
Date: April 1, 1934
Creator: Mathias, Gotthold
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of load distribution in stiffened cylindrical shells

Description: Thin-walled shells with strong longitudinal and transverse stiffening (for example, stressed-skin fuselages and wings) may, under certain simplifying assumptions, be treated as static systems with finite redundancies. In this report the underlying basis for this method of treatment of the problem is presented and a computation procedure for stiffened cylindrical shells with curved sheet panels indicated. A detailed discussion of the force distribution due to applied concentrated forces is given, and the discussion illustrated by numerical examples which refer to an experimentally determined circular cylindrical shell.
Date: June 1, 1938
Creator: Ebner, H & Koller, H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of potential flow past airship bodies in yaw

Description: An outline of Von Karman's method of computing the potential flow of airships in yaw by means of partially constant dipolar superposition on the axis of the body is followed by several considerations for beginning and end of the superposition. Then this method is improved by postulating a continuous, in part linearly variable dipolar superposition on the axis. The second main part of the report brings the calculation of the potential flow by means of sources and sinks, arranged on the surface of the airship body. The integral equation which must satisfy this surface superposition is posed, and the core reduced to functions developed from whole elliptical normal integrals. The functions are shown diagrammatically. The integration is resolvable by iteration. The consequence of the method is good. The formulas for computing the velocity on the surface and of the potential for any point conclude the report.
Date: July 1, 1932
Creator: Lotz, I
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Pressure Distribution on Airship Hulls

Description: These calculations were based on the shape of the ZR III, with the following simplifications: cars, fins, and rudders removed; all cross sections replaced by equivalent circular cross sections. Under these assumptions the pressure distribution was calculated for the following cases: symmetrical case, or flow parallel to the axis; unsymmetrical case, or flow at an angle to the axis. In both cases the simple potential flow first forms the basis for the determination of the pressure distribution.
Date: July 1, 1930
Creator: Von Karman, Theodor
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of tapered monoplane wings

Description: The tapered wing shape increases the lift in the middle of the wing and thus reduces the bending moment of the lifting forces in the plane of symmetry. Since this portion of the wing is the thickest, the stresses of the wing material are reduced and desirable space is provided for stowing the loads in the wing. This statically excellent form of construction, however, has aerodynamic disadvantages which must be carefully weighed, if failures are to be avoided. This treatise is devoted to the consideration of these problems.
Date: August 1, 1930
Creator: Amstutz, E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of the bending stresses in helicopter rotor blades

Description: A comparatively rapid method is presented for determining theoretically the bending stresses of helicopter rotor blades in forward flight. The method is based on the analysis of the properties of a vibrating beam, and its uniqueness lies in the simple solution of the differential equation which governs the motion of the bent blades.
Date: March 1, 1951
Creator: De Guillenchmidt, P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department