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Allocation and Related Issues for Post-2012 Phases of the EU ETS

Description: This report provides information on major design options related to the allocation of emissions allowances under the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (the EU ETS, or "the Scheme"). The report was developed to assist the European Commission in the context of the review of options for the EU ETS after 2012, during the third and subsequent phases of the Scheme. The report covers topics related to allocation alternatives as well as several other issues. All of the material contained here was developed initially as a set of briefing notes for the Commission in 2007. The topics covered in the report are divided into two major categories: (1) assessment criteria and other general features, including cap-setting; and (2) allocation alternatives and issues specifically related to allocation.
Date: October 22, 2007
Creator: Harrison, David, Jr.; Radov, Daniel & Klevnas, Per
Partner: UNT Libraries

Greenhouse Gas Reduction Pathways: In the UNFCCC Process up to 2025

Description: Meeting the EU objective of limiting global average temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels requires a peak in global greenhouse gas emissions within the next two decades. This means that early participation of developing countries in global emission control is needed, even under a significant strengthening of the commitments of Annex I countries under the Kyoto Protocol. The study has shown that it is possible to design a set of consistent rules for the attribution of the long-term emission endowments of the different world regions. The gains from participating in global emission trading and from reduced air pollution damage and/or abatement costs does substantially enhance, from a developing country perspective, the attractiveness of an early participation in a regime based on greenhouse gas reduction pathways, provided that the level and the form of their commitment is well designed so as to minimise economic risks.
Date: October 2003
Creator: Criqui, P.; Kitous, A.; Berk, M.; den Elzen, M.; Eickhout, B.; Lucas, P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Kyoto Protocol Implementation

Description: This report analyze the impacts of linking JI and CDM to the future European Emission Allowance Trading System (ETSy). The result indicate that the volume of credits obtained through JI and CDM projects by the enlarged EU Emission Allowance Trading Scheme, as well as the magnitude of cost savings and allowance price impacts will crucially depend on how much competition there will be from EU Member States and other countries in JI and CDM credits.
Date: May 2003
Creator: Criqui, Patrick & Kitous, Alban
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Economic Effects of EU-Wide Industry-Level Emission Trading to Reduce Greenhouse Gases: Results from PRIMES Energy Systems Model

Description: In preparation of the Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within the European Union, the cost implications of EU-wide emissions trading carbon dioxide were estimated by E3-Lab with their PRIMES energy systems model. According to the report, if each EU member States implemented its target under the Burden sharing agreement individually, the total annual cost for the EU to reach the Kyoto target would be 9.0 billion Pound.
Date: May 2000
Creator: Capros, P. & Manzos, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Establishing the Leakage Rates of Mobile Air Conditioners

Description: The purpose of the study is to - based on field measurements - determine the average annual leakage rate of HFC-134a from MACs in the European Union of a "second generation"1 air conditioner. From November 2002, to January 2003 300 measurements of HFC-134a leakage were carried out on air conditioners of cars up to seven years age. The measurements were carried out on vehicles of all EU relevant makes at 19 garages in Germany (Osnabrück), Portugal (Rio Maior) and Sweden (Helsingborg) reflecting different climatic conditions.
Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Schwarz, Winfried & Harnisch, Jochen
Partner: UNT Libraries

Low Carbon Technology Plan

Description: The document describes Japan's strategy for transforming into a low carbon society, through the promotion of alternative energy sources and energy efficient technologies.
Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Kagaku Gijutsu Kaigi (Japan)
Partner: UNT Libraries

State of the Climate in 2008

Description: This report describes observations of precipitation, temperature, and other climatology metrics from different global regions.
Date: August 2009
Creator: Peterson, T. C.; Baringer, M. O.; Diamond, H. J.; Fogt, R. L.; Levy, J. M.; Richter-Menge, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Streamlining climate change and air pollution reporting: Final Report

Description: The environmental policies currently being negotiated are likely to require Member State (MS) to control and report their emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) and air pollutants (AP) more precisely. While there are likely to be associated costs, it is also likely that the cost of timely and targeted action will be less than the longer term cost of inaction. A number of European Union (EU) legal instruments are used to regulate emissions - several of these are under review. The review not only needs to anticipate future policy needs but also assess the alignment of the various instruments and whether the burden on users can be further minimized.
Date: July 2009
Creator: Pulles, Tinus; Goodwin, Justin; Kruijd, Jeroen; Jozwicka, Magdalena; Janssen, Katleen; Vandenbroucke, Danny et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Report on Climate Security

Description: This document was the result of a study of how the concept of climate security should be understood and utilized in Japan, as well as how the concept can contribute to advancing future climate policy.
Date: May 2007
Creator: Japan. Kankyōshō
Partner: UNT Libraries