Environmental Policy Collection - 823 Matching Results

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National Policies and Their Linkages to Negotiations Over a Future International Climate Change Agreement

Description: Developing country policy makers will need to consider the national policy instruments they will need to contribute to the fight against climate change. As discussions on the international level are underway through the Bali Road Map, a national level discussion can help governments reflect on the types of policies they should use, as well as how to seek internal and external financial resources and how to reflect their views in the negotiations of a future climate change agreement. There is a rich array of policy instruments being used by developing countries to achieve national objectives, such as improving local air pollution and reducing poverty. Most of these policies also reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. These policies, measures and instruments include: regulations and standards, taxes and charges, tradable permits, voluntary agreements, informational instruments, subsidies and incentives, research and development, and trade and development assistance. Depending on the legal frameworks available to countries, these may be implemented nationally, regionally or locally. They may be supplemented with rules, guidelines and other administrative mechanisms to achieve different goals. They may be legally binding or voluntary and they may be fixed or changeable.
Date: July 2008
Creator: Tirpak, Dennis
Partner: UNT Libraries

UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Dominica

Description: These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections
Date: January 2006
Creator: McSweeney, C.; New, M. & Lizcano, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries

UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles:Dominican Republic

Description: These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections
Date: January 2006
Creator: McSweeney, C.; New, M. & Lizcano, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Bill : House Bill 2460

Description: On April 3, 2007, Governor Mike Beebe of Arkansas established a Governor's Commission on Global Warming with the signing of HB2460. The commission will study the potential impacts of climate change on the state’s environment and economy, and then recommend a global warming pollutant reduction goal and strategies for achieving it. Commission members will include representatives from the state government as well as many groups including scientific, energy, forestry, agricultural, and environmental organizations, among others. The Commission must report its findings by November 1, 2008.
Date: March 2007
Creator: Governor Mike Beebe
Partner: UNT Libraries

Leveraging the Landscape

Description: Over the last three years, projects that address the relationships between carbon and forests have moved from the sidelines of international climate action to center field. Forestry’s recent advancements are the product of decades of ongoing collaboration among market and environmental experts seeking to strike an ideal balance between forestry projects’ market risks and shared benefits. Market dynamics in 2011 demonstrated that these efforts have never been more pivotal, or complex, as forest carbon projects mature – and find themselves positioned squarely in the midst of some of today’s most challenging policy debates. This year, a record number of forest project developers and secondary market suppliers from around the world shared data about their projects and transactions. This third annual State of the Forest Carbon Markets tracks, reports, and analyzes trends in these responses. This information is primarily based on data collected from respondents to Ecosystem Marketplace’s 2011 forest carbon project developer’s survey, combined with data from the 2012 State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets report. The data and analysis that follow cover forest carbon activity in compliance carbon markets – including the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS), the New South Wales Greenhouse Gas Reduction Scheme (NSW GGAS) and British Columbia’s (BC) Carbon Neutral Government directive – as well as voluntary carbon markets including voluntary Over-the-Counter (OTC) market and country-specific voluntary programs worldwide. In total, we captured responses from 140 project developers or project proponents in the primary forest carbon market and 35 suppliers in the secondary market. Respondents represented 215 individual forest carbon projects, half of which transacted credits in 2011 – totaling 451 projects analyzed in all survey years.
Date: November 2012
Creator: Peters-Stanley, Molly; Hamilton, Katherine & Yin, Daphne
Partner: UNT Libraries

Climate Change and Insurance: An Agenda for Action in the United States

Description: This report is the first report of its kind that attempts to overlay a detailed distillation of climate change science with U.S. insurance industry activities around climate change. This report aims to go beyond an investigation of only hurricanes to also address the implications for the U.S. insurance industry of other impacts of climate change including forest fires, floods, and storm surge (although storm surge is not commercially insured, this report describes how government insurance backstops interact intimately with commercial insurance products and with consumer perception of risk). The report finds that U.S. insurers are far ahead of many of their overseas counterparts in assessing current catastrophic (cat) risk through sophisticated cat risk modeling that is based on historical weather events; however, U.S. insurers appear to lag behind their European peers who have begun to conduct studies of climate change and are beginning, though slowly, to incorporate future climate change scenarios into cat risk models, particularly for flooding.
Date: October 2006
Creator: Anderson, Miranda; Dobardzic, Saliha & Gardiner, David
Partner: UNT Libraries

Gold Climate Solid Wastes Management Guidelines

Description: In 1982, the Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization initiated a collection of material for a "Guideline to the design of cold-climate water and waste-water facilities", As a part of the International Water Decade a draft was produced, and it soon became evident that a full description of basic health problems in cold environments should also include the handling of garbage.
Date: July 1987
Creator: Smith, Daniel W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Uganda

Description: These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections
Date: January 2006
Creator: McSweeney, C.; New, M. & Lizcano, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events

Description: The report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change of 1995 has been taken as a starting point. Since 1995 many new observations and reports have become available. Much of the information on observations and studies on climate change and its impacts can be found through the Internet. Where possible we have made references, such that the reader can easily verify and review our sources. This study addresses three main questions: To what extent can the human influence on the climate system presently be measured? What can we expect for the short term and long-term future? To what extent will measures to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions affect the future climate?
Date: September 2000
Creator: Vellinga, P. & Verseveld, W. J. van
Partner: UNT Libraries

Near-term Health Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Reductions: A Proposed Assessment Method and Application in Two Energy Sectors of China

Description: This is a study of projected near-term health benefits associated with greenhouse (GHG) reductions resulting from changes in energy efficiency and structure of energy use in the power and household sectors of China. The work was commissioned by the former Office of Global and Integrated Environmental Health at WHO, in order to explore the scope for modelling in the assessment of such short-term health benefits. China was selected as an appropiate case study for this work, as it fulfilled most of the criteria required, including the fact that it is a large country, with data sets available on air pollution and health, and with information on projected trends in the consumption of fossil fuels
Date: March 1999
Creator: Wang, Xiaodong & Smith, Kirk R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Bali Action Plan: Key Issues in The Climate Negotiations: Summary for Policy Makers

Description: To assist policy makers in understanding the complex issues under discussion in the negotiating process, UNDP commissioned a series of background briefing papers on the key issues under the four main "building blocks" of the current international negotiations -- mitigation, adaptation, technology and finance -- as well as land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). This document contains summaries for policy makers of these briefing papers.
Date: September 2008
Creator: Carpenter, Chad
Partner: UNT Libraries

Atals of International Freshwater Agreements

Description: Water is one of the most widely shared resources on the planet, and the most vital for human survival after oxygen. It has a capacity to unite people that share a source of water, or to incite conflict among them as they compete for it. The latter, reaching the point of ‘water wars’ has become increasingly common in the media, but the contents of this Atlas show that treaties, not wars, are the norm.The Atlas is a step in the consolidation and dissemination of information about shared water treaties. This systematic and thorough compilation of the available historical record of the very many treaties and agreements concluded in regard to the water resources of rivers and lakes shared across international borders offers fresh, compelling testimony to water being an agent of cooperation rather than of conflict. Moreover, the thematic maps featured in the Atlas help understand why this is so, and add new perspective to that of the legal records which make up most of the Atlas.
Date: 2002
Creator: United Nations Environment Programme
Partner: UNT Libraries

Senate Bill No. 337

Description: AN ACT to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new section, designated §22-5-19, relating to the establishment of a program to inventory emissions, reductions and carbon sequestrations of greenhouse gases; creating a voluntary registry for the reporting of voluntary reductions of greenhouse gas emissions if the reductions are made before they are required by law; clarifying that certain industries are exempt from reporting; providing public recognition of voluntary reduction or avoidance of greenhouse gases; providing definitions; and providing consideration of the reductions under future federal greenhouse gas emission reduction programs.
Date: March 2007
Creator: Senators McCabe; Senators Hunter; Senators Unger; Senators Foster & Senators Kessler
Partner: UNT Libraries

Administrative Order No. 238

Description: This executive order establishes the Alaska Climate Change Sub-Cabinet to advise the Office of the Governor of Alaska on the preparation and implementation of a climate change strategy for Alaska.
Date: Spring 2010
Creator: Palin, Sarah
Partner: UNT Libraries

Sustainable Development Report 2009

Description: This Sustainable Development Report provides a comprehensive description of the economic, ecological and social challenges that are linked to Bayer's operations and show stakholders the strategies and solutions that are applying to meet them.
Date: May 2010
Creator: Bayer AG
Partner: UNT Libraries

Climate in Asia and the Pacific: A Synthesis of APN Activities

Description: The synthesis report is part of the APN’s larger aim to contribute, from the science perspective, to the development of policy options for appropriate responses to climate vulnerability and impacts, including adaptation and mitigation, which in turn will contribute to sustainable development.
Date: 2011
Creator: Manton, Michael J; Heath, Lance; Salinger, James & Stevenson, Linda Anne
Partner: UNT Libraries

OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

Description: The aim of the Forum was to bring representatives from OECD and non-OECD country governments together with representatives from the research community, to identify and discuss key policy issues relating to GHG emissions trading and other project based mechanisms for GHG emission reduction, such as Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. These mechanisms are of significant interest to both Economies in Transition and developing countries. The scope of the Forum also covered experiences with the use of emission trading in other environmental policy applications, such as reducing conventional air pollutants.
Date: March 2003
Creator: Ogushi, Takuya & Kure, Seiki
Partner: UNT Libraries

Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 1994 Assessment

Description: A change in the composition of the stratosphere becomes relevant to society only if it has noticeable effects. This places the assessment of effects in a pivotal role in the problem of ozone depletion. Decreases in the quantity of total-column ozone, as now observed in many places, tend to cause increased penetration of solar UV-B radiation (290-315 nm) to the Earth's surface. UV-B radiation is the most energetic component of sunlight reaching the surface. It has profound effects on human health, animals, plants, microorganisms, materials and on air quality. Thus any perturbation which leads to an increase in UV-B radiation demands careful consideration of the possible consequences. This is the topic of the present assessment made by the Panel on Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion.
Date: November 1994
Creator: United Nations Environment Programme
Partner: UNT Libraries