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Evaluation of Alternative Initial Allocation Mechanisms in a European Union Greenhouse Gas Emissions Allowance Trading Scheme

Description: This report is intended to provide background to assist Member States and the European Commission ("Commission") in determining the allocation mechanism to use in conjunction with the Commission's proposed emissions trading programme for carbon dioxide ("CO2") and other greenhouse gases ("GHGs"). The Commission in October 2001 adopted a major package of initiatives to combat climate change. This package includes a proposed Directive on GHG emission trading ("proposed Directive") as well as a proposal for the EC to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and a Communication setting out further methods for reducing greenhouse gas emissions beyond the Directive on emissions trading. This report provides descriptions and evaluations of alternative mechanisms for initial allocation of allowances. The report has the following specific objectives: - Provide a typology of alternative initial allocation mechanisms. - Describe the allocation mechanisms that have been used in previous emissions trading programmes. - Develop criteria for evaluating alternative mechanisms. - Evaluate the alternative mechanisms in light of these criteria. - Develop plant-level data that allow one to simulate various initial allocation alternatives and thus shed light on key empirical issues, including feasibility and sector- and plantlevel effects. - Provide an overview of major conclusions and implications.
Date: 2010
Creator: NERA Economic Consulting
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Fast Facts: Adaptive Water Governance

Description: UNDP promotes equitable access to water resources and water and sanitation services as a fundamental requisite for human development. In a rapidly changing world, UNDP's Water Governance Programme catalyzes efforts towards the achievements of the MDGs. The document provides a brief overview of UNDP's Water Governance Programme.
Date: January 2010
Creator: United Nations Development Programme
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Financial Incentives for CCS

Description: This map shows states that provide financial incentives for deploying carbon capture and storage technology.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Financial Sustainability Scorecard for National Systems of Protected Areas

Description: The purpose of this scorecard is to assist governments, donors and NGOs to investigate and record significant aspects of aProtected Area (PA) financing system –its accounts and its underlying structural foundations – to show both its current health and status and to indicate if the system is holistically moving over the long-term towards an improved financial situation. The scorecard is designed for national systems of PAs but could be used by sub-national eg state, regional or municipal or networks of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
Date: January 2010
Creator: Bovarnick, Andrew
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Greenhouse Gas Reporting and Registries

Description: This map shows states with common systems for consistent and transparent reporting of greenhouse gas emissions.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Latin America and the Caribbean: Environment Outlook

Description: This Global Environmental Outlook report (GEO LAC 3) is the third comprehensive environmental assessment of the status and perspectives of the environment in the Latin American and Caribbean region. It highlights the need to move away from sectoral, uncoordinated and short-term policies, and to work towards consolidating comprehensive and cross-sectoral environmental ones that put sustainability at the centre stage. GEO LAC 3 is part of UNEP’s contribution to catalyzing improvements to human well-being and framing a fresh debate around the concept of sustainability in the context of a world evolving from six billion, to nine billion people by 2050.
Date: 2010
Creator: United Nations Environment Programme. Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Low Carbon Fuel Standard

Description: This map identifies states that are either considering, or have already adopted a low carbon fuel standard.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Policies

Description: This map shows state laws and regulations that affect medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. The policies include tax incentives, fines, guidelines, and grants.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Natural Solutions: Protected areas helping people cope with climate change

Description: This report provides an exhaustive overview of the literature regarding the role protected areas play in reducing emissions from land use change, and sustaining ecosystem services that will be vital to reducing the vulnerability of humans to climate change. Section 3, Adaptation – The role of protected areas, looks at reducing the impacts of natural disasters, safeguarding water, addressing health issues and biodiversity conservation and maintaining ecosystem resilience.
Date: 2010
Creator: Dudley, Nigel; Stolton, Sue; Belokurov, Alexander; Krueger, Linda; Lopoukhine, Nik; Mackinnon, Kathy et al.
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Description: This map shows states that have laws and regulations that incentivize the use of plug-in electric passenger vehicles. Policies include mandates for states to acquire plug-in electric vehicles for state fleets, access to High Occupancy Vehicle lanes or designated parking for plug-in electric vehicles, and financial incentives to private owners of such vehicles.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

Description: This map shows states using property-assessed clean energy (PACE) programs to finance renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Public Benefit Funds

Description: This map shows states with funds dedicated to supporting energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Regional Initiatives

Description: This map shows states that participate in regional initiatives to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and increase generation of renewable energy.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Renewable & Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards

Description: This map shows states with standards requiring electric utilities to generate a percentage of electricity from renewable energy sources.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Renewables 2010: Global Status Report

Description: This report describes economic trends in building the capacity of renewable energy in several countries.
Date: 2010
Creator: Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

State Adaptation Plans

Description: This map shows states with plans for adapting to global climate change.
Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

State of Biodiversity Markets Offset and Compensation Programs Worldwide

Description: The report provides the status and trends of biodiversity offset and compensatory mitigation programs by geographical region. It summarizes the total active programs and developing activities, and broad metrics like total known payments and land area protected. It also analyzes the characteristics of offset programs and looks at recent developments in nascent and existing programs in the region.
Date: January 2010
Creator: Madsen, Becca; Carroll, Nathaniel & Moore Brands, Kelly
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries