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U.S. Foreign Aid to East and South Asia: Selected Recipients

Description: This report analyzes annual budget justifications and legislation for foreign operations appropriations and discusses U.S. foreign aid trends, programs, and restrictions in 16 East Asian and South Asian countries. It does not cover aid to Pacific Island nations, North Korea, and Afghanistan. Country tables do not include assistance from U.S. State Department programs funded outside the foreign operations budget, such as educational and cultural exchange programs, and assistance from other departments and agencies.
Date: May 16, 2008
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Description: This report provides background on Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces.
Date: November 25, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AIDS in Africa

Description: This report discusses the AIDS issues in Africa and the Bush administration call to double U.S. international funding for AIDS.
Date: February 2, 2008
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Weak and Failing States: Evolving Security Threats and U.S. Policy

Description: This report first provides definitions of weak states and describes the links between weak states, U.S. national security, and development challenges. Second, the report surveys recent key U.S. programs and initiatives designed to address threats emanating from weak states. Finally, it highlights relevant issues about U.S. policy toward these states that Congress may consider.
Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: Sun Wyler, Liana
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: Reconstruction Assistance

Description: This report describes recent developments in the large-scale assistance program, the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF), undertaken by the United States and the international community in an effort to rehabilitate economic infrastructure and introduce representative government to post-war Iraq, and examines key issues of potential interest to Congress.
Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Description: This report discusses the recent development in different programs administered by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) with the goal to promote agricultural exports and to provide food aid. These programs include direct export subsidies, export market development, export credit guarantees, and foreign food aid.
Date: January 17, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Food Aid Provisions of the 2008 Farm Bill

Description: The report discusses the international food aid provision (2008 Farm Bill) of U.S. agricultural commodities for emergency relief and economic development. This provision addresses the United States' major response to food security problems in developing countries.
Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Description: This report discusses the role of foreign assistance as a tool of foreign policy. There is also a growing recognition of the role that foreign assistance can play as a foreign policy tool that is equal to the role of diplomacy and defense within the current international environment characterized by regional conflicts, terrorist threats, weapons proliferation, concerns with disease pandemics, and the difficulty in overcoming poverty.
Date: April 22, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millennium Challenge Account

Description: This report discusses a proposal for a major new U.S. foreign aid initiative. The Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) is managed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. If fully implemented, the initiative would represent one of the largest increases in foreign aid spending in half a century.
Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Food Aid: U.S. and Other Donor Contributions

Description: The United States is the world's major provider of international food aid to low-income developing countries. This report provides three indicators of the U.S. contribution to global food aid: (1) shipments of major donors compiled by the International Grains Council, (2) U.S. contributions to the United Nations World Food Program (WFP), and (3) the U.S. commitment under the Food Aid Convention (FAC).
Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E. & Canada, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Description: Haiti faces several interrelated challenges, the most immediate being a lingering food crisis that in April 2008 led to deadly protests and the ouster of Haiti's prime minister. Haiti also suffers from a legacy of poverty, unemployment, and under-development that is compounding security problems for its new and fragile democracy. This report describes in detail the amount and types of emergency food aid and other relief aid that the United States has sent and will continue to send to Haiti. This report also outlines relevant pieces of legislation.
Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Hornbeck, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Description: Haiti faces several interrelated challenges, the most immediate being a lingering food crisis that in April 2008 led to deadly protests and the ouster of Haiti's prime minister. Haiti also suffers from a legacy of poverty, unemployment, and under-development that is compounding security problems for its new and fragile democracy. This report describes in detail the amount and types of emergency food aid and other relief aid that the United States has sent and will continue to send to Haiti. This report also outlines relevant pieces of legislation.
Date: October 2, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Hornbeck, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Description: Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006 provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces. Thus far, the Department of Defense (DOD) has used Section 1206 authority primarily to provide counterterrorism support. Section 1206 obligations totaled some $100 million in FY2006 and $279 million in FY2007. Obligations for FY2008 total almost $25 million as of May 20, 2008. Funds may only be obligated with the concurrence of the Secretary of State. This authority expires at the end of FY2008.
Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. policy concerns and relations with countries in central Asia. The report discusses issues such as Fostering Pro-Western Orientations, Obstacles to Peace and Independence, Democratization and Human Rights, Security and Arms Control, Trade and Investment, and provides an Aid Overview.
Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. policy concerns and relations with countries in central Asia. The report discusses issues such as Fostering Pro-Western Orientations, Obstacles to Peace and Independence, Democratization and Human Rights, Security and Arms Control, Trade and Investment, and provides an Aid Overview.
Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Description: This report provides an annotated list of U.N. agencies, international organizations, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), key U.S. government agencies, and a sample list of major international and U.S.-based aid organizations that are providing humanitarian assistance to Iraq.
Date: July 18, 2008
Creator: Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Key Changes to U.S. Programs and Funding

Description: This report describes U.S. efforts to combat international HIV/AIDS through the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) including an overview of its implementation structure, key program elements, results, and funding from FY2004 through FY2008. It also details funding for tuberculosis, malaria, and U.S. contributions to the Global Fund during that time. This report discusses similarities and differences between H.R. 5501 and S. 2731 including proposed changes in program authorities and funding for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria programs.
Date: July 14, 2008
Creator: Moss, Kellie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The U.N. Population Fund: Background and the U.S. Funding Debate

Description: This report provides an overview of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), its current mission and operations, and recent funding trends. It further discusses the role of the United States in supporting the UNFPA programs, the varying interpretations by several Administrations of legislative authorities pertaining to UNFPA's eligibility for American resources, and congressional debates over how much and under what conditions the United States should voluntarily contribute to UNFPA operations. Finally, it reviews the findings of several private and U.S. government investigations of China's family planning programs and the role UNFPA plays in their implementation.
Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Key Changes to U.S. Programs and Funding

Description: This report discusses changes in coordination and funding for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria programs as directed in the Reauthorization Act. It provides background on the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) implementation including results and funding through FY2008. It then discusses similarities and differences between H.R. 5501 as passed by the House on April 2, 2008, and H.R. 5501 as passed by the Senate on July 16, 2008. Finally, it details key outcomes in the legislation as enacted.
Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Moss, Kellie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Global Fund to Fight AIDS and its progress to date, describes the funding procedure, details U.S. contributions to the organization, and presents some issues regarding the level of U.S. contributions that Congress might consider.
Date: April 14, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department