Congressional Research Service Reports - 63 Matching Results

Search Results

United States Military Casualty Statistics: Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom
This report presents difficult-to-find statistics regarding U.S. military casualties in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF, Afghanistan), including those concerning medical evacuations, amputations, and the demographics of casualties.
Authority of State Legislatures to Accept Funds Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
This report analyzes the language contained in § 1607 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act),1 which provides that federal funds can be made available to a state by the federal government either after certification by a governor that such money will be requested and spent or after the adoption of a concurrent resolution by a state legislature. This report evaluates the authority of state legislatures to, by concurrent resolution, provide for the acceptance of federal funds.
FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program: Overview and Issues
This report provides an overview and discussion of federal hazard mitigation assistance. Hazard mitigation can potentially reduce federal costs by decreasing the level of damage from future disasters. Of the $96.1 billion expended for disaster assistance since 1989, FEMA allocated $4.4 billion for hazard mitigation activities to prevent or ease the impact of natural disasters.
Madagascar's 2009 Political Crisis
This report discusses political tensions on the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar between President Marc Ravalomanana and Andry Rajoelina, the former mayor of the capital city, which escalated in early 2009, culminating in the President's forced removal from office.
The Global Nuclear Detection Architecture: Issues for Congress
This report provides background the detection of and protection against illicit acquisition and use of special nuclear material (SNM) including the global nuclear detection architecture to secure nuclear assets against diversion, theft, and attack. It also discusses related issues for Congress.
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs
This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment.
The Advanced Spectroscopic Portal Program: Background and Issues for Congress
This report provides an overview of the Advanced Spectroscopic Portal (ASP) program's history and outlines issues for Congress as the program moves forward. The ASP is an improved type of radiation detection device, meant to serve as part of new and existing programs to protect against terrorist nuclear or radiological attack.
North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Program
No Description Available.
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy
The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Postal Service Financial Problems and Stakeholder Proposals
No Description Available.
Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113
No Description Available.
Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview
No Description Available.
Iraq: Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Capable Missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
No Description Available.
Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession: Overview and Current Legislation
No Description Available.
Judicial Salary-Setting Policy
No Description Available.
Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress
The Superfund program for cleaning up the nation’s worst hazardous waste sites was created by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA (P.L. 96-510, as amended). This report discusses recent development and background issues, superfund issues, revenue issues, comprehensive reauthorization, and legislation regarding superfund program.
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity
The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA.
Arming Pilots Against Terrorism: Implementation Issues for the Federal Flight Deck Officer Program
The report discusses the issues regarding the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135), which contains provisions to arm pilots of passenger aircraft and gives deputized pilots the authority to use force, including lethal force, to defend the flight deck against criminal and terrorist threats. The report includes the legislative Background, implementation issues, equipment, training, operational procedures and costs.
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles
No Description Available.
Iraq's New Security Forces: The Challenge of Sectarian and Ethnic Influences
No Description Available.
Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict
This report presents an overview of the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict. This is a clash between the principles of territorial integrity and self-determination that is occurring in the Caucasus, creating the longest inter-ethnic dispute in the former Soviet Union. The report includes the background and analysis of history, warfare and peace process in the region. The report discusses the Armenian and Azerbaijani perspective, the role and views of others (Iran, Turkey, Russia), as well as the U.S. policy regarding the conflict.
Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003
No Description Available.
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) provides assistance to previously employed or self- employed individuals rendered unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular federal/state unemployment insurance (UI). DUA is federally funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but is administered by the state UI agencies.
HIV/AIDS International Programs: FY2003 Request and FY2002 Spending
No Description Available.
School Choice: Current Legislation
No Description Available.
Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues
No Description Available.
Hurricanes and Disaster Risk Financing Through Insurance: Challenges and Policy Options
No Description Available.
Postal Reform
This report examines the U.S. Postal Service's (USPS's) financial crisis and the resulting legislative action. Although its short-term financial performance has improved, the USPS faces severe long-term financial straits, largely due to digital alternatives. USPS has a negative net worth and mounting obligations for retiree health benefits.
Unemployment and Health Insurance: Current Legislation and Issues
No Description Available.
Zimbabwe
No Description Available.
Aviation Spending Guarantee Mechanisms
No Description Available.
Selected Federal Homeland Security Assistance Programs: A Summary
No Description Available.
Federal Farm Promotion (“Check-Off”) Programs
No Description Available.
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs
No Description Available.
Navy Ship Procurement: Alternative Funding Approaches — Background and Options for Congress
No Description Available.
Government Interventions in Financial Markets: Economic and Historic Analysis of Subprime Mortgage Options
No Description Available.
Passports: Current Regulations
No Description Available.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs’s Process for Recognizing Groups as Indian Tribes
No Description Available.
Retroactive Taxation of Executive Bonuses: Constitutionality of H.R. 1586 and S. 651
No Description Available.
Medicaid Regulation of Governmental Providers
No Description Available.
Legal Overview of P.L. 107-174, the Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and Retaliation Act of 2002
No Description Available.
Zimbabwe: The Power Sharing Agreement and Implications for U.S. Policy
No Description Available.
The Federal Reserve: Should Its Mandated Goal Be Price Stability? The Issues and Technical Problems
No Description Available.
Possible Criminal Provisions Which May Be Implicated in the Events Surrounding the Collapse of the Enron Corporation
No Description Available.
Navy DD(X) and CG(X) Programs: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description Available.
Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs
No Description Available.
Appropriations for FY2003: Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs
No Description Available.
U.S. Coal: A Primer on the Major Issues
No Description Available.