Congressional Research Service Reports - 41,025 Matching Results

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Polygraph Tests: An Examination of Developments Bearing on Their Legal and Scientific Acceptance
This report discusses polygraph testing and its use in criminal investigations and acceptability in court.
The Effectiveness of Income Tax Credits in Solving the Problems of Parochial Schools
This report discusses the loss of enrollment in Catholic schools and various possible causes of this drop in enrollment as well as possible solutions including creating a federal income tax credit that Catholic schools are eligible for.
Private Pension Plan Terminations: Is Federal Insurance Necessary and Feasible?
This report discusses pros and cons of creating a federally run private pension plan termination insurance program.
Reorganization and Proposed Reorganization Relating to Energy and Natural Resources
This report discusses the reorganization of the Executive Branch and proposals regarding the reorganization of the energy and natural resources sections.
Federal and State Provisions Concerning Election Crimes, Offenses, and Corrupt Practices
This report provides a listing of federal and state laws related to the prosecution and punishment of election related crimes and political corruption.
Offshore Oil in North America: Selected References, 1968-1973
This report provides a bibliography of resources related to offshore oil fields and industry in North America that were published between 1969 and 1973.
Historical Summary of School Desegregation Since 1954
This report discusses desegregation in public schools after the 1954 "Brown v. Board of Education" decision. Topics covered include initial reactions and responses to "Brown", desegregation efforts in the south through 1964, the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964, further desegregation efforts in the south after 1954 and desegregation in the north and west, major desegregation court cases, and legislative and presidential action related to desegregation and civil rights.
Recent Actions by the Administration Relating to NIH Health Research and Training Programs: Issues and Impact
This report discusses Presidential actions related to the funding of the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) research and training programs.
Revised Social Services Regulations
This report provides a listing of welfare and social services regulations and discusses their legislative history.
Energy from the North: Selected References in Oil and Gas in Alaska and Canada 1969-1973
This report provides a bibliography of resources related to oil deposits in Alaska and northwest Canada that were published between 1969 and 1973.
Organized Crime in the United States: Selected References, March 1971-September 1973
This report provides a bibliography of resources related to organized crime in the U.S. that were published between March 1971 and September 1973.
Inmate Employment Programs in Federal and State Correctional Institutions
This report discusses inmate employment programs in federal and state prisons and provides the results of a CRS survey of federal and state prisons regarding the types of inmate employment available, how many inmates were employed, and the wages for employment.
Private Pension Reform Legislation-93rd Congress Comparison of H.R. 10470 (H.R. 4200 as passed by the Senate) With Hr. 2 (as reported by the House Education and Labor Committee)
This report compares two bills H.R. 10470 and H.R. 2 from the 93rd Congress which are related to private pension reform.
The Arab Oil Embargo and Its Impact on Winter Fuel Shortages
This report discusses U.S. demand for fuel oil in the winter months and the effects of the Arab Oil Embargo on current and potential shortages of oil. Policy options and alternative fuel options are also discussed.
U.S. Military Personnel Strengths by Country of Location Since World War II, 1948-1973
This report provides data on U.S. military personnel strength by country for the years 1948 through 1973.
Petroleum in Northern Alaska: A Chronology
This report provides a timeline of events from 1969 to 1973 related to the discovery, exploration, and drilling of the North Slope oil fields in northern Alaska.
Background on the Termination of the Food (Commodity) Distributions Program for Needy Families and Individuals
This report discusses the termination of the Food (Commodity) Distribution Program and the transition to the national Food Stamps program. It provides a brief overview of the history and functioning of the Food Distribution program and the gradual switch to Food Stamp programs in most areas following the passage of the Food Stamp Act in 1964.
P.L. 93-112, The Rehabilitation Act of 1973: Legislative History and Section-by-Section Analysis
This report discusses the provisions of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (P.L. 93-112) and its legislative history.
Autistic Children: Background Information and Legislative Interest
This report discusses children with autism and provides a brief description of autism and its treatments as well as Congressional interest in providing assistance for children with autism.
Alaskan Oil-Environment vs. Economy: A Compilation of Selected Writings
This report provides a compilation of writings from news media, professional magazines and journals, and government agencies regarding the environmental risks and considerations that must be taken regarding Alaskan oil drilling and transportation and the economic benefits of Alaskan oil drilling and transportation.
Outdoor Recreation and Federal Laws: Selected Annotated References, 1970-1973
This report provided an extensive annotated list of references for outdoor recreation literature. The references were divided into three categories: those relating to National or State Parks, those relating mainly to National Forests, and Congressional documents on subjects relating to outdoor recreation.
Effects of Social Security Increases on Benefits From Other Programs
This report summarizes how certain cash and service benefit programs would be affected if Social Security cash benefits increased. Some of the programs mentioned include retirement programs, veteran benefits, food stamps, and housing programs.
Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973 (P. L. 93-222)
This report discusses the provisions of the Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973 (P. L. 93-222) which provided funding to assist in the start-up of health maintenance organizations (HMO).
Air Pollution: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography
This report is an annotated bibliography of references on air pollution, mainly focusing on Congressional documents that were recent as of the report's publication. In the first section, the author organizes the entries alphabetically by author, or by title if there is no author. In the second section, the author arranges the entries by major subject headings, with sub-headings where necessary.
The Impact of the Rise in the Price of Crude Oil on the World Economy: Prognosis and Policy Options
This report outlines the major effects of OPEC countries raising the effective oil prices from $3.45 a barrel to $9 a barrel in 1973. The main economic problems the author mentions are inflation, domestic demand, and acute balance-of-payments. In addition, this report outlines policy options for the United States and other industrial countries.
Human Resource Programs - 1975 Budget Highlights and Issues
This report provides a detailed description of the 1975 budget for human resource programs such as income security and healthcare programs. In addition to summarizing the changes in the budget from previous years, the author outlines the major issues with the 1975 human resource budget.
Comparison of U.S. Government Budget Data on the Unified Budget Concept and Federal Funds Basis, Fiscal Years 1954-1975, and National Defense Function Outlays Related to Total Budget Outlays and to Gross National Product (GNP), Fiscal Years 1939-1975
This report analyzes federal budget data from fiscal years 1954 to 1975 using the unified budget concept. In addition, it provides data comparing the shares of GNP and total federal outlays to federal outlays designated for national defense during each fiscal year from 1939 to 1975.
Excess Profits Taxation - Wartime Provisions and Current Proposals in the Energy Crisis
This report summarizes both the excess profits tax legislation that was enacted or proposed during years of war in the early to mid 20th century and the proposals for excess profits tax legislation from the energy crisis of the late 20th century. In terms of the early to mid 20th century, the author mainly focuses on enacted and proposed legislation from the first and second World Wars, with a brief mention of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Furthermore, the report summarizes five of the excess profits tax proposals introduced during the energy crisis.
Proposals for Funding Mass Transportation
This report provides outlines the key points of basic concepts for funding mass transportation. The author outlines four funding concepts: contract authority, a general transportation trust fund, an urban transportation trust fund, and the optional use of highway trust fund money.
Hypertensive Disease and Control Programs in the United States
This report discusses the prevalence of hypertensive disease (high blood pressure) in the United States and federal programs aimed at controlling and reducing hypertensive disease.
Relations Between Western Europe and the United States
This report gives a detailed explanation of sources of strain in relations between Western Europe and the United States. In addition to outlining key causes of strain that occurred as early as the 1950s, the author provides a chronological listing of events that increased tension between 1973 and 1974.
The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act: A Legislative History
This report discusses the legislative history of the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act and provides charts and summaries of Congressional action on the bill.
The Electronic Funds Transfer System
This report discusses the development, use, and future outlook of electronic payment systems as well as addressing various electronic banking issues and policy.
Payroll Taxes: Economic Effects and Legislative Proposals
This report discusses legislative proposals related to payroll/social security taxes and studies the effects of these taxes on the economy.
Impeachment Defense Counsel for the President
This report discuses the rules and procedures governing a Presidential impeachment trial and the formats of past impeachment trials.
Facts About Physicians' Fees
This report discusses physicians' fees and income rates and provides statistics on them from 1965 to 1973.
Recent Developments in the Area of Religious Activities in Public Schools and Other Public Places
This report discusses Supreme Court decisions related to religious activities in public schools and on public land and provides analysis of each cases main arguments and effects.
Program "Follow Through": History and Assessment
This report provides a description of the Follow Through program which provides elementary education assistance for children from low-income families and its achievements.
Supplemental Selective Reserve Requirements on Commercial Bank Assets: An Option for Credit Allocation Based on Social Goals
This report discuses banks' loan practices and the Federal Reserve's monetary policies and how they interact with one another as well as proposals by the Federal Reserve intended to increase loans related to the housing market while reducing them in the commercial business world.
Resolved: That the Power of the Presidency Should be Significantly Curtailed: A Preliminary Bibliography on the 1974-75 Intercollegiate Debate Topic
This report provides a bibliography of resources related to the 1974-75 intercollegiate debate topic regarding the reducing the power of the President.
An Analysis of Tax Provisions Affecting Business Investment: Depreciation and the Investment Tax Credit
This report discusses tax laws related to depreciation and business investment.
P.L. 93-282, The Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1974: Legislative History and Section-By-Section Analysis
This report provides a history and analysis of the provisions of The Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1974 (P.L. 93-282).
Unionism and Collective Bargaining for Agricultural Workers: A Selective Bibliography
This report provides a bibliography of resources related to unions for agricultural cultural workers and their activities.
Headstart: Program Description and Legislative History
This report provides an overview of the Headstart program which provides preschool education for children from low-income families and discusses its legislative history.
Hospital Reimbursement
This report discusses the process of hospital reimbursement by health insurers and regulations governing the process.
Agricultural Policy, Food Policy, Nutrition Policy, and World Food Problems: A Select Bibliography, 1969-1974
This report provides a bibliography of resources related to agricultural, nutritional, and food policy and world food problems that were published between 1969 and 1974.
The Computer Industry: Growth and Evolution with Special Emphasis on Government Regulation and Antitrust, Selected References, 1974
This report provides bibliography of resources related to the growth of the computer industry that were published in 1974.
The Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (P. L. 93-383): Summary and Analysis
This report provides an analysis of the provisions of The Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (P. L. 93-383).
Public Participation and Technology Assessment: A Survey of the Legislative History of the Office of Technology Assessment
This report provides an overview of the history and functions of the Office of Technology Assessment and discusses the concept of public participation in technology assessment.
Private Pension Plan Reform: A Summary of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974
This report discusses the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (P. L. 93-406) and private pension plan reform.