Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,137 Matching Results

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Developments in Cambodia Following the March 18 Coup

Description: This report discusses the March 18, 1970 coup in Cambodia by General Lon Nol which overthrew the government of Prince Norodom Sihanouk and subsequent fighting in Cambodia between Communist North Vietnamese troops and South Vietnamese troops which led to American intervention in the form of an attack on North Vietnamese bases in Cambodia in April and May of 1970.
Date: May 11, 1970
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress and the Reversion of Okinawa

Description: This report discusses the agreement between President Nixon and Prime Minister Sato of Japan for control of the Ryukyu Island chain (of which Okinawa is the chief island) to revert to Japan in 1972. Congressional actions related to the agreement and the issue of Congressional approval for executive actions which alter existing treaties are discussed.
Date: August 13, 1970
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Bombing of North Vietnam and the October 1968 "Understanding"

Description: This report discusses the "1968 Understanding" between North Vietnam and the United States regarding the cessation of bombing over North Vietnam and the U.S. bombing of North Vietnam in November 1970 which triggered protests and debates over the nature and actual content of the aforementioned "Understanding".
Date: February 4, 1971
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Prisoner of War Issue in the First Indochina War, with Special Emphasis on the Release of Prisoners, 1954-1962

Description: This report discusses prisoners of war in the 1st Indochina War (1954-1962) between France and the Vietminh and agreements for their exchange and release both during and after the war. It includes statistics on the numbers of prisoners taken versus the amount released and discussion of this data.
Date: July 13, 1971
Creator: Ho, George J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

United States Economic Relations with the Republic of China on Taiwan

Description: This report discusses the United States economic ties with the Republic of China in Taiwan and analyzes Taiwan's economic growth since 1950 and their policies toward trade with countries that recognize the government of the People's Republic of China. U.S. policy options in the future regarding trade ties with Taiwan are also discussed.
Date: March 19, 1973
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China-U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses the background information and most recent development in U.S.-China relations since mid-1996. The relations also have been marred by continuing allegations of Chinese espionage, ongoing controversy over human rights, charges that China continues to violate its non-proliferation commitments, controversy over the accidental NATO bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, and renewed tensions over Taiwan. The report describes current issues in U.S.-China relations such as; Human Rights Issues, Issues in U.S.-China Security Relations, Economic Issues, and Sovereignty Issues: Taiwan, Tibet, Hong Kong.
Date: July 20, 1976
Creator: Sutter, Robert G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Increased U.S. Military Sales to China: Arguments and Alternatives

Description: The report examines the current debate in the United States over proposals for increased U.S. military sales to China. The study first examines the background of U.S.-China security ties since the Nixon Administration, and then sets forth the parameters of the current debate by noting a number of issues concerning U.S. military transfers to China on which all sides generally agree. It shows that Americans familiar with the issue tend to identify with different groups of opinion or "schools of thought" on the question of U.S. military transfers to China, and provides a detailed pro-con analysis of the issue. It concludes by noting cross pressures that are likely to greet U.S. policy makers as they grapple with this issue in the months ahead and offers an assessment of four policy options of possible use by U.S. policymakers.
Date: May 20, 1981
Creator: Sutter, Robert G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China-U.S. Trade

Description: The improved political relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China (P.R.C.), initiated by the Nixon Administration and furthered by the Carter Administration's decision to establish diplomatic relations, has spurred a rapid increase in Sino-U.S. trade. While still small relative to overall U.S. foreign trade, the volume of trade represents an abrupt shift from the no-trade policy that had been pursued since 1950. Despite the rapid expansion, outstanding issues remain as serious barriers to normalized trade. Resolution of those issues may require concession or accommodations by the Chinese leadership as well as action by both the U.S. Congress and the Executive Branch. However, the development of a new approach to foreign economic relations by the post-Mao Chinese leadership and the establishment of diplomatic relations have laid the ground work for a further expansion of commercial relations.
Date: November 19, 1981
Creator: Holliday, George D. & Hardt, John P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China-U.S.-Soviet Relations

Description: In 1979, a time of clear downturn in U.S.-Soviet relations over such sensitive issues as SALT, Soviet troops in Cuba, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Carter Administration moved ahead with a series of measures designed to improve relations with Moscow's major adversary in Asia, the Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.). The purpose of this report is to provide background for and summarize current developments in U.S. - People’s Republic of China (PRC) relations, including current and pending congressional actions involving the PRC.
Date: December 3, 1981
Creator: Sutter, Robert G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Japan's International Trade Patterns, Institutions, and Policies

Description: This report presents an overview of Japan's performance in its trading relations. The report begins with a discussion of the development, size, and importance of Japan's international trading sector. It then examines the composition, institutions, and policies for trade. This is followed by a review of Japan's balance of payments, capital flows, value of the yen, and direction of trade.
Date: March 15, 1982
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agent Orange: Veterans' Complaints Concerning Exposure to Herbicides in South Vietnam

Description: From 1962 to 1971, the United States Air Force (USAF) sprayed various herbicide mixtures (chemicals that kill plants) in South Vietnam. The purpose of the spraying was to defoliate jungle growth to deprive the Communist forces of ground cover, and to destroy enemy crops to restrict food supplies. The most extensively used of these herbicide mixtures was known as Agent Orange, a 50:50 mix of two common herbicides called 1,4,5-T and 2,4-D (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid). The third chemical present in the mixture in small amounts was TCDD, an inevitable by-product of the manufacture of 2,4,5-T. This chemical, called tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin or simply "dioxin," is highly toxic to laboratory animals when administered in its pure form. CRS has been unable to locate any report of a human death from exposure to pure TCDD. This report discusses the human health effects that have occurred from exposure to TCDD, as well as related Congressional concerns.
Date: June 25, 1982
Creator: Smith, Pamela W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Japan-U.S. Trade Relations

Description: This report discusses trade relations between the U.S. and Japan. Commercial aspects of the United States-Japan alliance, in recent years, have begun to dominate the dialogue between the two nations. In particular, friction points have developed over chronic U.S. bilateral trade deficits with Japan, allegations of Japanese protectionism, and rapid incursions into U.S. markets by Japanese export products.
Date: December 28, 1982
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Japan-U.S. Trade

Description: This report provides background and current analysis of the Japan--U.S. trade situation, discusses the political and economic tensions which this imbalance has created, and outlines the problems involved in several current negotiations, such as the question of trade barriers to U.S. agricultural exports.
Date: May 10, 1983
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Yellow Rain and Related Issues: Implications for the United States

Description: The United States has charged that the Soviet Union is implicated in the use of chemical weapons in Afghanistan and of chemical and toxin weapons, including the toxin known as "Yellow Rain," in Laos and Kampuchea (Cambodia). These charges raise two significant sets of issues: First, issues surrounding the evidence that has been presented to show: (a) that such weapons have been used and (b) that the Soviet Union is implicated in this use. Second, issues connected with the implications of Soviet involvement, if proven, in chemical and toxin warfare.
Date: September 29, 1983
Creator: Bowman, Steven R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Description: Japan has made considerable progress in opening its economy to imports, but significant obstacles remain. This report analyzes the underlying causes of Japan's market protection and assesses the prospects for Japan moving in the direction of greater market openness.
Date: June 26, 1989
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Japanese Health Care System

Description: This report provides (1) a description of the coverage, benefits, financing and administration of the Japanese health insurance plans; (2) a discussion of the way in which reimbursement levels for health care providers are determined; and (3) an analysis of the way in which the provision of health care system is organized in Japan.
Date: October 13, 1989
Creator: Sokolovsky, Joan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department