Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,334 Matching Results

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The "Monday Holiday Law" and Special National Observances

Description: This report discusses the new "Monday Holiday Law" which was passed in 1968 and took effect Jan. 1, 1971 which switched federal observances of holidays such as President's Day and Veterans Day to Mondays and instituted Columbus Day as a federal holiday. It also lists special observances proclaimed by the President in 1969.
Date: October 21, 1969
Creator: Renshawe, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monetary Work Incentives Under the Original and Revised Family Assistance Plan Proposals as Illustrated in Tables Prepared by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

Description: This report discusses the Family Assistance Plan (welfare program) and debates regarding work requirements for recipients of cash welfare payments. Tables of data regarding welfare programs in place and their work requirements versus the proposed changes to the bill are included.
Date: July 21, 1970
Creator: Humphreys, Joseph R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equal Rights Amendment: Selected Floor Debate and Votes

Description: This report provides a summary of the final floor debate on the Equal Rights Amendment and on suggested amendments to the ERA. The proposed amendments outline some of the objections to the ERA, and the summary of the debate can provide some information on legislative intent.
Date: December 21, 1974
Creator: Holcomb, Morrigene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flat-Rate Tax Proposals

Description: In recent months there has been a growing congressional interest in the advantages and disadvantages of revamping our current tax system for a flat-rate tax method. Supporters of the new proposal argue that such a plan would promote productivity, simplify present IRS tax forms, save the public billions of dollars that presently go to tax-preparation professionals, and enhance Federal revenue by closing numerous tax loopholes and special deductions that are now enjoyed by relatively few. Opponents believe, however, that the tax burden under a flat-rate plan might fall more heavily upon the middle class and, unless exceptions were made, would hurt educational institutions and charities. Problems with popular tax deductions, such as home mortgage interest, would have to be addressed. This packet provides background materials which discuss the practical and theoretical issues that surround a flat-rate tax, including the probable redistribution of the tax burden under various rates and income bases.
Date: June 21, 1982
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Description: This issue brief discusses "killer satellites," the unofficial moniker for antisatellite (ASAT) missiles possessed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as U.S. efforts to develop ASAT systems and simultaneously limit their development and use.
Date: March 21, 1983
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Description: The Reagan Administration announced its major crime Control proposals in 1981, shortly after the final report from the Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crimes, and reiterated support for significant changes in Crime control legislation in 1983. Congressional initiatives and modifications of those proposals continue interest and controversy in crime control matters in the 98th Congress.
Date: October 21, 1983
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dioxin: Environmental Impacts and Potential Human Health Effects

Description: This issue brief presents a short background on the physical/chemical properties of dioxin, describes several existing sources of possible human exposure, and highlights what is currently known about its environmental impacts and human health effects. Congressional interest is intense at this time because of large numbers of Vietnam veterans' claims for benefits associated with use of herbicides in that war as well as because of certain incidents of potential significance to health involving disposal of wastes containing dioxin.
Date: October 21, 1983
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AIDS: An Overview of Issues

Description: This report discusses the many difficult policy dilemmas associated with the AIDS epidemic, including past Congressional funding to support AIDS research and education efforts, strategies for controlling the spread of the AIDS virus, and methods and resources available for the care and treatment of persons with AIDS.
Date: March 21, 1988
Creator: Smith, Pamela W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deforestation: An Overview of Global Programs and Agreements

Description: In recent years, global environmental concerns have figured prominently on the American political agenda. In particular, tropical deforestation and its implications for global climate change and biological diversity loss have prompted public outcry. Concerns have since grown to include other forest types as well. The Congress has considered a variety of legislation to stem the tide of increasing deforestation and the United States has supported a number of bilateral and multilateral initiatives to assist other countries in managing their forest resources.
Date: October 21, 1992
Creator: Lyke, Julie & Fletcher, Susan R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Directory of Some Interest Groups and Governmental Organizations Concerned With National Environmental Policies

Description: This report briefly describes selected associations that have demonstrated strong and continuous interest in environmental protection policies of the United States. It provides background information on some of the active participants in national policy discussions. The set of organizations abstracted for this report is not comprehensive; many groups necessarily have been omitted, often because they failed to respond to our request for information. An attempt was made to balance divergent political opinions and to include groups with different perspectives. All associations included in the report have nationwide membership, maintain an office in the vicinity of the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, and actively seek to influence national (as opposed to international or regional) environmental policies. The financial information provided varies depending on what was available to CRS.
Date: September 21, 1993
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department