Congressional Research Service Reports - 41 Matching Results

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Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Description: This report presents figures showing trends in discretionary budget authority as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) by subfunction within each of 17 budget function categories, using data from President Obama's FY2016 budget submission. This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority from FY1977 through FY2014, estimates for FY2015 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2016 through FY2020.
Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Spending and the Budget Control Act Limits

Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act, which sets limits on defense spending between fiscal years 2012 and 2021 and possible measures to avoid a sequester. The current debate in Congress has centered on whether to adjust the BCA defense caps upward; move base budget spending to accounts designated for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) that are not subject to spending limits; reduce the defense spending in the Administration's request to comply with BCA revised caps; or use some combination of these approaches.
Date: July 22, 2015
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Budget Control Act of 2011 as Amended: Budgetary Effects

Description: This report discusses the effects of the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25) on spending and the deficit, assuming that the automatic spending reductions proceed as scheduled from FY2016 to FY2021 and the discretionary spending caps remain in place.
Date: December 29, 2015
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) which is a newly developed vehicle for the Army and Marine Corps. The major potential issues for Congress include whether an increase in endstrength and force structure might result in an increase in overall JLTV requirements, and possible effects of JLTV Foreign Military Sales.
Date: February 27, 2018
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Children's Hospital Graduate Medical Education (CHGME)

Description: This report describes the Children's Hospital Graduate Medical Education (CHGME) program's purpose and structure, history, and authorizations and appropriations. It also provides select program data, including the number of hospitals supported under the program, their location, the amount of funding they receive, and the number of residents trained. Finally, the report discusses alternative sources of GME funding available and some issues that Congress may consider as part of the program's reauthorization.
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Health and Human Services: Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Request

Description: This report discusses the FY2019 appropriations request for the Department of Health and Human Services. The report begins by reviewing the department's mission and structure. Next, the report offers a brief explanation of the conventions used for the FY2018 estimates and FY2019 request levels in the budget documents released by the HHS and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The report also discusses the concept of the HHS budget as a whole, in comparison to how funding is provided to HHS through the annual appropriations process. The report concludes with a breakdown of the HHS request by agency, along with additional HHS resources that provide further information on the request. A table of CRS key policy staff is included at the end of the report.
Date: March 22, 2018
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 and an FY2019 Budget Resolution

Description: This report discusses the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (BBA 2018, P.L. 115-123) and the inclusion in it of an FY2019 budget resolution. The report then discusses the differences between a traditional budge resolution and a substitute budget resolution like the one found in the BBA.
Date: April 10, 2018
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Policy Implications of the House Reconciliation Bill (H.R. 3762)

Description: This report provides background on the reconciliation process of the FY2016 budget resolution (S.Con.Res. 11) and summarizes the provisions in H.R. 37622, a reconciliation bill containing provisions submitted by three committees pursuant to the reconciliation instructions included in the FY2016 budget resolution. It then briefly examines some of the bill's policy implications.
Date: November 2, 2015
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Public Transportation Program: In Brief

Description: This report provides an introduction to the public transportation program administered by the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration (FTA). This program was authorized in FY2016 through FY2020 by the Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act (P.L. 114-94). The focus of the federal program is still on the capital side, but the program has evolved to support operational expenses in some circumstances, as well as safety oversight, planning, and research.
Date: December 28, 2015
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD): Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Request Fact Sheet

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the FY2019 budget request for the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), with links to relevant Administration budget documents and CRS reports. A list of CRS analysts with expertise on various aspects of the HUD budget is also provided.
Date: April 17, 2018
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Corporation for Public Broadcasting: Federal Funding and Issues

Description: This report discuses the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) and its federal funding which it then distributes parts of to PBS and NPR. Past, current, and proposed funding levels are outlined and arguments for and against federal support for public broadcasting are also discussed.
Date: May 3, 2017
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J. & Gomez, Lena A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Documents: Internet and GPO Availability

Description: This report provides brief descriptions of the FY2019 budget volumes and related documents, together with internet addresses, Government Publishing Office (GPO) stock numbers, and prices for obtaining print copies of these publications. It also explains how to find the locations of government depository libraries, which can provide both printed copies for reference use and internet access to the online versions.
Date: April 3, 2018
Creator: Nagel, Jared C. & Greene, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress such as: Arctic sovereignty claims; commercial shipping through the Arctic; Arctic oil, gas, and mineral exploration; endangered Arctic species; and increased military operations in the Arctic that could cause the region in coming years to become an arena of international cooperation or competition. The FY2019 budget request for arctic research is included.
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Aegis ballistic missile defense (BMD) program, which is carried out by the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and the Navy, and gives Navy Aegis cruisers and destroyers a capability for conducting BMD operations.
Date: April 27, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Columbia (SSBN-826) Class Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Columbia-class program, a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs.
Date: March 13, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report presents background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Navy's Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) and Zumwalt (DDG-1000) class destroyer programs. The Navy's proposed FY2018 budget requests funding for the procurement of two DDG-51s, and authority for a new multiyear procurement (MYP) contract covering DDG-51s to be procured in FY2018-FY2022.
Date: November 30, 2017
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department