Congressional Research Service Reports - 33 Matching Results

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World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet

Description: The World Health organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the United Nations system's authority on international public health issues. It assists governments in improving national health services and in establishing worldwide standards for foods, chemicals, and biological and pharmaceutical products. WHO concentrates on preventive rather than curative programs, including efforts to eradicate endemic and other widespread diseases, stabilize population growth, improve nutrition, sanitation, and maternal and child care. WHO is not an operational agency. It works through contracts with other agencies and private voluntary organizations.
Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: McHugh, Lois
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biotechnology, Indigenous Peoples, and Intellectual Property Rights

Description: This report examines intellectual property right in pharmaceuticals in a particular context, namely, medicinal products and processes derived from the biodiversity resources of areas inhabited by indigenous peoples. This report discusses the international law regarding intellectual property rights in traditional knowledge and the American laws regarding traditional knowledge.
Date: April 16, 1993
Creator: Axt, Josephie R.; Corn, M. Lynne; Lee, Margaret Mikyung & Ackerman, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pfiesteria

Description: No Description Available.
Date: September 23, 1997
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Copeland, Claudia; Zinn, Jeffrey A. & Vogt, Donna U.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Disease Funding and NIH Priority Setting

Description: Research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has strong political support, but a heated debate rages over the allocation of NIH funds among various diseases. NIH contends that decisions are made based on scientific opportunity while critics of the NIH process charge that spending often follows current politics and political correctness.
Date: September 10, 1998
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cloning: Where Do We Go From Here?

Description: News in February 1997 that scientists in Scotland had succeeded in cloning an adult sheep ignited a worldwide debate. Of concern are the ethical and social implications of the potential application of cloning to produce human beings. In response to concerns about the potential application of cloning to produce humans, actions were taken by the Administration and Congress.
Date: April 23, 1998
Creator: Stith-Coleman, Irene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pfiesteria

Description: No Description Available.
Date: December 8, 1997
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Copeland, Claudia; Zinn, Jeffrey A. & Vogt, Donna U.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999

Description: This report provides a synopsis of the budget activity related to AIDS from the discovery of the disease in 1981 through FY1999. Funding for AIDS research, prevention and treatment programs within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) discretionary budget has increased from $200,000 in FY1981 to an estimated $3.85 billion in FY1999.
Date: March 31, 1998
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Description: The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation.
Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department