Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Description: This report outlines federal programs that provide direct or indirect incentives for biofuels. For each program described, the report provides details including administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and expiration date.
Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, and Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Administering Green Programs in Congress: Issues and Options

Description: This report discusses "green" programs and the higher profile they have gained in the 110th Congress. "Green" programs are those designed to create an environmentally friendly work environment and conserve energy. This report discusses initiatives and policy options that would improve the "greening" process on Capitol Hill.
Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future

Description: This report discusses the petroleum refining industry and its relation to the economy. Along with volatile changes in crude oil prices, the industry has faced evolving health, safety, and environmental requirements which have changed and multiplied product specifications and required capital investment in refineries. This report also seeks to describe the recent performance of the refining industry, to evaluate the structural changes that are occurring in the industry, and to analyze the nature and effects of the challenges confronting the industry.
Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Power Plants: Characteristics and Costs

Description: This report analyzes the factors that determine the cost of electricity from new power plants. These factors — including construction costs, fuel expense, environmental regulations, and financing costs — can all be affected by government energy, environmental, and economic policies. The report provides projections of the possible cost of power from new fossil, nuclear, and renewable plants built in 2015, illustrating how different assumptions, such as for the availability of federal incentives, change the cost rankings of the technologies.
Date: November 13, 2008
Creator: Kaplan, Stan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline and Oil Prices

Description: This report examines the extent of price increases in gasoline and oil, focuses on the linkage between the two, and analyzes the causes of the price increases, and the likelihood that they might be reversed through market responses, or policy measures.
Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework, key players, infrastructure, resources, tools, and operations associated with enforcement and compliance of the major pollution control laws and regulations administered by EPA. It also outlines the roles of federal (including regional offices) and state regulators, as well as the regulated community.
Date: May 12, 2008
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Description: This report discusses the history, current posture, and outlook for federal energy tax policy. It also discusses current energy tax proposals and major energy tax provisions enacted in the 109th Congress.
Date: September 26, 2008
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) design. The report discusses the legislative origins and policy debates prior to ARPA-E authorization and Bush administration response to ARPA-E authorization.
Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Natural Gas Markets: Overview and Policy Issues

Description: This report examines current conditions and trends in the U.S. natural gas markets. Key market elements examined include prices, consumption, production, imports, and infrastructure. Expectations about the future, as reflected in recent official forecasts, are also incorporated here. Furthermore, the report reviews key factors likely to affect market outcomes. These factors include weather, the economy, oil prices, and infrastructure development.
Date: May 23, 2008
Creator: Hederman, William F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Description: This report discusses the history, current posture, and outlook for federal energy tax policy. It also discusses current energy tax proposals and major energy tax provisions enacted in the 109th Congress.
Date: September 17, 2008
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues

Description: This report describes utility-scale wind power issues in the United States. The report is divided into the following sections: background on wind energy; wind resources and technology; industry composition and trends; wind power economics; and policy issues.
Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey & Kaplan, Stan Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline Prices: Legislation in the 110th Congress

Description: This report, after analyzing factors that have contributed to high gasoline prices, describes the major legislative initiatives and discusses the issues involved in energy policy proposals, including reducing impacts on consumers and supply and demand.
Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Description: This report summarizes action on more than 360 energy efficiency and renewable energy bills introduced during the 110th Congress.1 These bills cover a wide range of policy and issue areas that include appropriations, authorizations, budget, research and development (R&D), grants, loans, financing, regulation (including a renewable fuel standard), tax incentives, goals, plans, impacts, and the environment/climate change.2 Most of these bills have focused on grants and tax incentives. The bills also cover a range of sectors and topics that include buildings, defense, education, federal lands and energy management, farms, American Indians, and international activities. Thus far, the sector of international activities has generated the greatest number of bills. For each bill listed in this report, a brief description and a summary of action are given, including references to committee hearings and reports.
Date: June 5, 2008
Creator: Sissine, Fred; Cunningham, Lynn J. & Gurevitz, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Description: This report discusses the history, current posture, and outlook for the federal energy tax policy. It also discusses current energy tax proposals and major energy tax provisions enacted in the 109th Congress.
Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Greenhouse Gas Emission Drivers: Population, Economic Development and Growth, and Energy Use

Description: This report examines the interrelationships of the variables regarding the debate on climate change to explore their implications for policies that address the problem. The three variables underpinning the debates and justified response to the issue are: the magnitude and rates of change of (1) population growth, (2) incomes, and (3) intensity of greenhouse gas emissions relative to economic activities.
Date: February 13, 2008
Creator: Blodgett, John & Parker, Larry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) design. The report discusses the legislative origins and policy debates prior to ARPA-E authorization and Bush administration response to ARPA-E authorization.
Date: August 12, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Description: This report analyzes the development of regulation for energy derivatives (financial contracts whose value is linked to changes in the price of some energy product). Regulation may be needed [1] to help prevent abusive trading and price manipulation, and [2] to help prevent the failure of a large derivatives dealer which could trigger disruptions of supplies and prices in oil and gas markets.
Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department