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Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Standards

Description: This report discusses the amendments to the federal standards that regulate fuel economy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from new passenger cars and light trucks. The amendments were proposed by the Trump Administration on August 24, 2018.
Date: October 11, 2018
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.; Tsang, Linda & Canis, Bill
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Party Leaders in the House: Election, Duties, and Responsibilities

Description: This report summarizes the election, duties, and responsibilities of the Speaker of the House, the majority and minority leaders, and the whips and whip system.
Date: November 5, 2018
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current political and economic landscape of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and its relationship with the U.S. The UAE has been a significant U.S. partner in Gulf security for more than two decades, and the alliance has deepened further in recent years in order to address multiple regional threats.
Date: October 25, 2018
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Global Trade Imbalances

Description: This report discusses the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) July 2018 report on global trade imbalances that identifies countries with "excessive" current account balances and exchange rates that are "misaligned." The current account is a broad measure of a country's global economic engagement and is comprised of trade in goods, services, and official flows.
Date: September 28, 2018
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program. A total of 32 LCSs have been procured through FY2018. For FY2019, the Navy is requesting the procurement of the 33rd LCS. The LCS program presents several oversight issues for Congress.
Date: October 22, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan: Legislation in the 115th Congress

Description: This report summarizes legislative proposals in the 115th Congress that relate to U.S. policy in Afghanistan. Proposals address a number of issues including: 1) aspects of the U.S. troop presence in the country, 2) information that the executive branch provides to Congress, 3) the role of women in Afghan society, government, and the military, 4) purposes for U.S. aid, and conditions under which it can be obligated, 5) overall U.S. strategy in Afghanistan, including prospects for a negotiated settlement, and 6) regional dynamics, including the role of Russia.
Date: October 3, 2018
Creator: Thomas, Clayton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The United States and the "World Court"

Description: This report reviews the most recent International Court of Justice (ICJ) proceedings against the United States by Iran and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the implications for Congress of the Trump Administration's withdrawal decision.
Date: October 17, 2018
Creator: Mulligan, Stephen P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2019 Appropriations: Independent Agencies and General Provisions

Description: This report provides an overview of funding under the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill including a breakdown of more than two dozen individual independent agencies, general government-wide provisions, and sanctions on Cuba.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: Webel, Baird; Christensen, Michelle D.; Dilger, Robert Jay; Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Garrett, R. Sam; Gnanarajah, Raj et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran Sanctions

Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran. The report tracks "implementation" of the various U.S. laws and Executive Orders as designations and imposition of sanctions. Some sanctions require the blocking of U.S.-based property of sanctioned entities.
Date: November 6, 2018
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Medical Care: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers selected frequently-asked questions about military health care, including: 1) How is the Military Health System structured?, 2) What is TRICARE?, 3) What are the different TRICARE plans and who is eligible?, 4) What are the costs of military health care to beneficiaries?, 5) What is the relationship of TRICARE to Medicare?, 6) How does the Affordable Care Act affect TRICARE?, 7) When can beneficiaries change their TRICARE plan?, and 8) What is the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund, which funds TRICARE for Life?
Date: November 8, 2018
Creator: Mendez, Bryce H. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Polar Security Cutter (Polar Icebreaker) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's program for acquiring new polar icebreakers -- previously known as the polar icebreaker (PIB) program and now called the Polar Security Cutter (PSC) program. The proposed FY2019 budget requests $750 million in acquisition funding for the program. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration's FY2019 acquisition funding request for the PSC program, and, more generally, whether to approve, reject, or modify the Coast Guard's overall plan for procuring new polar icebreakers.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hurricane Michael: Brief Overview of FEMA Programs and Resources

Description: This report provides a brief overview of emergency and major disaster declarations relevant to Hurricane Michael, and selected federal resources and links to CRS products related to Stafford Act declarations, disaster response, and recovery.
Date: October 11, 2018
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Reese, Shawn; Brown, Jared T.; Horn, Diane P. & Painter, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense's 30-Year Aircraft Plan Reveals New Details

Description: This report discusses the U.S. Department of Defense 30-year aviation plan released in April 2018. The yearly plan is intended to chart the direction of the aviation enterprise and is typically relatively short on specifics. By contrast, the most recent 30-year aviation plan is full of details on specific programs, including cancellations, life extensions, and new starts.
Date: October 9, 2018
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deeming Resolutions: Budget Enforcement in the Absence of a Budget Resolution

Description: This report discusses deeming resolutions, which are used by Congress as a substitute when budget resolution bills are not passed. It provides historical notes about how frequently deeming resolutions have been used and how they have varied, and also alternate options for budgetary enforcement.
Date: October 29, 2018
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Columbia (SSBN-826) Class Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Columbia-class program, a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs. The program was previously known as the Ohio replacement program (ORP) or SSBN(X) program. The Navy has identified the Columbia-class program as the Navy's top priority program, and wants to procure the first Columbia-class boat in FY2021.
Date: October 23, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Passes Bill to Amend the Federal "Crime of Violence" Definition

Description: This report discusses the Community Safety and Security Act of 2018 (CSSA), which was recently passed in the House and which would amend the federal "crime of violence" (COV) definition.
Date: October 11, 2018
Creator: Smith, Hillel R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Do Courts Have Inherent Authority to Release Secret Grand Jury Materials?

Description: This report discusses the issue of releasing secret grand jury material. Although a long-established principle that has been deemed essential to the grand jury's functioning and independence is that matters occurring before it are to be kept secret, the Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 6(e) establishes exceptions.
Date: October 5, 2018
Creator: Foster, Michael A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The National Popular Vote (NPV) Initiative: Direct Election of the President by Interstate Compact

Description: This report monitors the National Popular Vote's (NPV) progress in the states. It includes sections that provide brief background on the electoral college, history of the National Popular Vote concept, more detail on the NPV initiative, pros and cons for the NPV, legal issues, and concluding observations.
Date: October 25, 2018
Creator: Neale, Thomas H. & Nolan, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NIH Funding: FY1994-FY2019

Description: This report discusses funding for the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1994 to 2019. The NIH is the primary federal agency charged with conducting and supporting biomedical and behavioral research. It is the largest of the eight health-related agencies that make up the Public Health Service (PHS) within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Date: October 15, 2018
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Sekar, Kavya
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Description: This report describes Internet resources on major internship, fellowship, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate.
Date: November 1, 2018
Creator: Bailey, Christina Miracle; Manning, Jennifer E. & Marchsteiner, Kathleen E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Geospatial Data Act of 2018

Description: This report provides a summary and analysis of each section of the Geospatial Data Act of 2018 (GDA). It also discusses possible implications of the new law and issues for Congress.
Date: October 22, 2018
Creator: Folger, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agricultural Provisions of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement

Description: This report discusses the agricultural provisions of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Date: October 5, 2018
Creator: Hopkinson, Jenny
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department