Congressional Research Service Reports - 428 Matching Results

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Ebola: Democratic Republic of Congo

Description: This report discusses an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), first reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) on May 8, 2018. As of June 10, 2018, WHO reported a total of 55 cases, including 28 deaths.
Date: July 25, 2018
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji & Chavers, Monyai L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Department Boarding of Behavioral Health Patients

Description: This report outlines emergency department (ED) boarding of behavioral health (BH) patients and highlights areas for research and discusses policy options Congress may consider to reduce BH patient boarding. Behavioral health refers to patients with psychiatric and/or substance use disorders. Boarding refers to the holding of inpatients in an ED after an admission or transfer decision has been made.
Date: July 19, 2018
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA) Program

Description: This report provides an overview of the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA) program, including how areas are designated as part of a HIDTA, and program coordination and funding. It also examines issues that policymakers may consider as they debate the future of the program: whether the county is still an appropriate unit of inclusion, whether the criteria remain adequate, whether the program is effective, whether its tangential effects can be measured, whether the current bounds on funds are still appropriate, and which federal entity may be best suited to administer the program.
Date: May 3, 2018
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ebola: Democratic Republic of Congo

Description: This report discusses an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), first reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) on May 8, 2018. As of June 10, 2018, WHO reported a total of 55 cases, including 28 deaths.
Date: June 12, 2018
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji & Chavers, Monyai L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Global Health Assistance: FY2001-FY2019 Request

Description: This report outlines U.S. funding for global health by agency and program. Congress may debate several pressing global health issues, including strengthening health systems, bolstering pandemic preparedness, considering the FY2019 budget request, protecting life in global health assistance, and authorizing the extension of PEPFAR (President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief).
Date: June 22, 2018
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Increase in Illicit Fentanyl Overdose Deaths

Description: This report discusses fentanyl, a synthetic opioid that is 50-100 times more potent than morphine. The steep increase in overdose deaths involving fentanyl is seen as a "new chapter" in the opioid epidemic. Topics covered include the rise of fentanyl overdoses, availability of fentanyl, and policy considerations.
Date: June 6, 2018
Creator: Duff, Johnathan H. & Sacco, Lisa N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-23): Brief Summary of Division E-The Advancing Chronic Care, Extenders, and Social Services (ACCESS) Act

Description: This report provides a brief summary of each of the provisions included in Division E (the ACCESS Act) of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, along with the contact information for the CRS expert who can answer questions about each provision. Division E consists of 12 titles. Each title is addressed in a separate table, and the provisions are discussed in the order they appear in the law. Topics discussed in this report include Medicare, Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), public health, child and family services, foster care, social impact partnerships, child support enforcement, and prison data reporting. Subsequent CRS reports examining selected subsets of these provisions will be linked to this report as they become available.
Date: March 9, 2018
Creator: Morgan, Paulette C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Division A of H.R. 3922: The CHAMPIONING HEALTHY KIDS Act

Description: This report summarizes provisions in Division A of the CHAMPIONING HEALTHY KIDS Act that would extend funding for certain public health programs and provide offsets for these funding extensions. CRS Report R44989, Comparison of the Bills to Extend State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Funding, summarizes provisions in Division B.
Date: December 19, 2017
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Fernandez, Bernadette & Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-123): CHIP, Public Health, Home Visiting, and Medicaid Provisions in Division E

Description: This report provides information about the provisions from Division E of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (BBA 2018) related to CHIP, certain public health programs, the MIECHV program, and the Medicaid program.
Date: March 20, 2018
Creator: Mitchell, Alison & Heisler, Elayne J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs

Description: This report discusses food assistance programs which are administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) programs as well as nutrition programs administered by the Administration on Aging (AOA), within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Community Living (HHS-ACL).
Date: March 22, 2018
Creator: Aussenberg, Randy Alison & Colello, Kirsten J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Responding to the Opioid Epidemic: Legal Developments and FDA's Role

Description: This report discusses the opioid epidemic in the U.S. and the role of the Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in helping end the epidemic. The report provides an overview of FDA's existing authorities, the historical context for the opioid epidemic, and the agency's current plan for combatting the opioid epidemic, concluding with an examination of the broader legal questions concerning the crisis.
Date: March 6, 2018
Creator: Armstrong, Kathryn B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

H.R. 1628: The American Health Care Act (AHCA)

Description: This report contains three tables that, together, provide an overview of the American Health Care Act (AHCA) provisions, as amended by the five manager's amendments and the amendment referenced in H.Res. 254. Table 1 includes provisions that apply to the private health insurance market, Table 2 includes provisions that affect the Medicaid program, and Table 3 includes provisions related to public health and taxes. Each table contains a column identifying whether the AHCA provision is related to an ACA provision (e.g., whether the AHCA provision repeals an ACA-related provision). In addition to the three tables, the report includes more detailed summaries of each AHCA provision and two graphics showing the effective dates of AHCA provisions. Figure 1 covers AHCA provisions related to the private health insurance market, public health, and taxes. Figure 2 covers AHCA provisions related to the Medicaid program. A table identifying key CRS policy staff appears at the end of the report.
Date: May 26, 2017
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Division A of H.R. 3922: The CHAMPIONING HEALTHY KIDS Act

Description: This report summarizes provisions in Division A of the CHAMPIONING HEALTHY KIDS Act. Division A would extend funding for several public health programs that had received directed appropriations through FY2017. It would also make a number of changes to these programs and would provide offsets for the proposed funding extensions. The House passed the CHAMPIONING HEALTHY KIDS Act on November 3, 2017, by a vote of 242 to 174. CRS Report R44989, "Comparison of the Bills to Extend State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Funding", summarizes provisions in Division B.
Date: November 7, 2017
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Fernandez, Bernadette & Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gun Control: Federal Law and Legislative Action in the 114th Congress

Description: This report provides background on the two major federal gun control statutory frameworks: the National Firearms Act of 1934 (NFA), as amended, and the Gun Control Act of 1968 (GCA), as amended. It then provides analysis of the Senate amendments offered in the 114th Congress that would have addressed issues regarding expanding federal background check requirements to private non-licensed gun sellers in public places, allowing the Attorney General power to stop the sale of firearms or explosives to a person deemed "a dangerous terrorist", revising and codifying rules regarding people with mental health conditions acquiring firearms, and improving computer systems and the availability of information on persons not authorized to possess a firearm . It also tracks the status of gun control related appropriations for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), Federal Bureau of Investigation National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) Section, National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP), and NICS Amendments Record Improvement Program (NARIP).
Date: April 19, 2017
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Yemen: Cholera Outbreak

Description: This report discusses the cholera outbreak in Yemen that began in October 2016 due to the breakdown of sanitation systems caused by the ongoing civil war. A brief description of cholera is given along with current conditions in Yemen for healthcare, and past humanitarian aid efforts by the U.S. and the U.N.
Date: August 2, 2017
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M. & Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare Primer

Description: This report provides a general overview of the Medicare program including descriptions of the program's history, eligibility criteria, covered services, provider payment systems, and program administration and financing. A list of commonly used acronyms, as well as information on beneficiary cost sharing, may be found in the appendixes.
Date: August 2, 2017
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Binder, Cliff; Hahn, Jim; Kirchhoff, Suzanne M.; Morgan, Paulette C. & Villagrana, Marco A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF): Program Overview and Issues

Description: This report discusses the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) which is administered by the EPA and assists communities in building or restoring public water supply infrastructure to comply with federal standards for clean drinking water and public health safety. The report outlines the funding levels and sources for the program and recent appropriations to it. Proposals for funding for the DWSRF in the 115th Congress are also discussed.
Date: May 3, 2017
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Opioid Epidemic and Federal Efforts to Address It: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers common questions that have arisen as drug overdose deaths in the United States continue to increase. It does not provide a comprehensive overview of opioid abuse as a public health or criminal justice issue. The report is divided into the following sections: Overview of Opioid Abuse; Overview of Opioid Supply; Select Federal Agencies and Programs that Address Opioid Abuse; Recent Legislation; and Opioid Abuse and State Policies.
Date: October 18, 2017
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N. & Bagalman, Erin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health Service Agencies: Overview and Funding (Fiscal Year 2016-Fiscal Year 2018)

Description: This report outlines the funding types received by U.S. Public Health Service agencies and provides brief overviews of each agency and their recent funding trends. The eight agencies discussed are the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Agency for Toxic Substances and and Disease Registry (ATSDR), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the Indian Health Service (IHS), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
Date: August 16, 2017
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen; Dabrowska, Agata; Bagalman, Erin; Heisler, Elayne J.; Johnson, Judith A.; Lister, Sarah A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department