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Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs

Description: This report discusses the definitions of homelessness used by targeted federal homeless programs and federal efforts to end homelessness. In addition, the report describes the current federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families (other federal programs may provide assistance to homeless individuals but are not specifically designed to assist homeless persons).
Date: October 18, 2018
Creator: Perl, Libby; Boyd, Eugene; Duff, Johnathan H.; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Granovskiy, Boris; Heisler, Elayne J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Federal Involvement in Day Care

Description: This report chronicles federal involvement in daycare for children. This includes resources for working mothers, a history of federal involvement in daycare programs, federal daycare standards, and daycare problems and proposals to amend them, as well as a summary of legislative proposals for daycare and related programs.
Date: March 3, 1969
Creator: Malone, Margaret
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The 10-20-30 Plan and Persistent Poverty Counties

Description: This report discusses the 10-20-30 plan of reallocating funds in rural development programs toward counties with systemic poverty levels defined as 20% of the population being at or below poverty level for 30 years. This report explains why targeting funds to persistent poverty counties might be of interest, how "persistent poverty" is defined and measured, and how different interpretations of the definition and different data source selections could yield different lists of counties identified as persistently poor. This report does not compare the 10-20-30 plan's advantages and disadvantages against other policy options, nor does it examine the range of programs or policy goals for which the 1020-30 plan might be an appropriate policy tool.
Date: February 8, 2018
Creator: Dalaker, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Description: This report discusses the Historically Underutilized Business Zone Empowerment Contracting (HUBZone) program, which provides participating small businesses located in areas with low income, high poverty, or high unemployment with contracting opportunities in the form of set-asides, sole-source awards, and price-evaluation preferences. It provides information about the program and it's structure; outlines arguments for an against targeting assistance and the continuation of the program; analyzes the program's administration; and examines related legislation.
Date: December 15, 2017
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Poverty in the United States in 2016: In Brief

Description: This report discuses the poverty rate in the United States for 2016 as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau. The Census Bureau releases poverty estimates every September for the prior calendar year. Hence, most of the comparisons discussed in this report are year-to-year comparisons. However, in addition to the most recent year's data, this brief will present a historical perspective as well as information on poverty for demographic groups (by family structure, age, race and Hispanic origin, and work status) and by state. Over the past several decades, criticisms of the official poverty measure have led to the development of an alternative research measure called the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM), which the Census Bureau has also computed and released. Statistics comparing the official measure with the SPM are provided at the conclusion of this brief.
Date: October 25, 2017
Creator: Dalaker, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Extension of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant in the Consolidated Appropriations Act: In Brief

Description: This report discusses the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant which provides monthly assistance (welfare) to needy families with children and funding for family and youth poverty alleviation programs such as job training for parents, early childhood education for children, and child care subsidies. Different types of research funded through the appropriations for TANF are also discussed.
Date: May 1, 2017
Creator: Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Poverty in the United States in 2015: In Brief

Description: This report presents information on poverty for demographic groups (by family structure, age, race and Hispanic origin, and work status) and for states. In this report, the numbers and percentages of those in poverty are based on the Census Bureau's estimates
Date: October 4, 2016
Creator: Dalaker, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Federal Benefits and Services for People with Low Income: Overview of Spending Trends, FY2008-FY2015

Description: This report is the most recent in a series that attempts to identify and discuss programs that provide federal benefits and services targeted toward low-income populations, focusing on aggregate spending trends. The report looks at federal low-income spending from FY2008 (at the onset of the 2007-2009 recession) through FY2015 (after implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, or ACA).
Date: July 29, 2016
Creator: Spar, Karen & Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Obama Administration's Feed the Future Initiative

Description: This report discusses the features of "Feed the Future" (FTF), a major foreign assistance initiative designed to alleviate global poverty and improve health and food security. Key issues addressed include the origin, intent, and government-wide inter-agency development approach of FTF; FTF program implementation, including monitoring and evaluation issues; and funding. This report also raises possible oversight issues for Congress.
Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.; Schnepf, Randy & Cook, Nicolas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview

Description: The Earned Income Tax Credit began in 1975 as a temporary program to return a portion of the Social Security taxes paid by lower-income taxpayers, and was made permanent in 1978. In the 1990s, the program because a major component of federal efforts to reduce poverty, and is now the largest anti-poverty entitlement program. This report contains information on eligibility for the program, credit amount, participation, interaction with other tax provisions, issues, compliance, and more as related to the Earned Income Tax Credit.
Date: January 3, 2008
Creator: Scott, Christine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Veterans’ Health Care Issues

Description: This report covers a multitude of health issues veterans face and the actions the U.S. government takes to protect the health of veterans.
Date: August 6, 2007
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Description: In 2003, 12.3 million children lived in families with incomes below the poverty line (a 17.2% child poverty rate). Research has shown that poverty can have negative consequences on a child’s development. Children depend upon their parents for support, and most of the recent policy attention has focused on initiatives to move poor parents (mostly single mothers) from welfare to work and on reducing welfare dependency.
Date: October 11, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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