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U.S. Tariff Policy: Overview

Description: This report provides a brief overview of United States tariff policy. A tariff is a customs duty levied on imported and exported goods and services, typically used to protect domestic industries or as leverage in trade negotiations and disputes.
Date: November 28, 2018
Creator: Casey, Christopher A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Ground Forces Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS) and Artificial Intelligence (AI): Considerations for Congress

Description: This report discusses issues for Congress to consider regarding robotics and autonomous systems (RAS) and artificial intelligence (AI), which have the potential to change the nature of warfare. Other nations, notably peer competitors Russia and China, are aggressively pursuing RAS and AI for a variety of military uses, raising considerations about the U.S. military's response--to include lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS)--that could be used against U.S. forces.
Date: November 20, 2018
Creator: Feickert, Andrew; Kapp, Lawrence; Elsea, Jennifer K. & Harris, Laurie A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

What Role Might the Federal Government Play in Law Enforcement Reform?

Description: This report discuses policy options for Congress to consider in regard to law enforcement reform. Over the past few years, several high-profile police-involved shootings and alleged instances of excessive force have generated congressional interest in state and local policing.
Date: November 16, 2018
Creator: James, Nathan & Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Primer: Special Operations Forces

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. military Special Operations Forces (SOF), including personnel selection, command structure, Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), and Theater Special Operations Commands (TSOCs).
Date: November 16, 2018
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar & Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Primer: Defense Appropriations Process

Description: This report provides an overview of the defense appropriations process. The congressional appropriations process includes various rules and practices that Congress has adopted to distinguish appropriations measures and facilitate their consideration.
Date: November 16, 2018
Creator: Saturno, James V. & McGarry, Brendan W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The DOD's JEDI Cloud Program

Description: This report discusses the Deputy Secretary of Defense (DSD) Patrick Shanahan's memorandum calling for the accelerated adoption of a Department of Defense (DOD)-wide cloud computing system. Under the Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) Cloud program, DOD seeks to "acquire a...cloud services solution that can support Unclassified, Secret, and Top Secret requirements," with a focus on commercially-available services.
Date: November 5, 2018
Creator: Peters, Heidi M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

District Court Temporarily Blocks Implementation of Asylum Restrictions on Unlawful Entrants at the Southern Border

Description: This report discusses the Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) barring the Trump Administration from implementing new asylum restrictions. The asylum restrictions were prompted by reports of a "migrant caravan" traveling through Mexico to the southern border of the United States.
Date: November 27, 2018
Creator: Smith, Hillel R. & Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Venezuela Regional Migration Crisis

Description: This report discusses the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Venezuela, which has elevated congressional concerns about the country. Venezuela remains in a deep political and economic crisis under the authoritarian rule of President Nicolás Maduro.
Date: November 27, 2018
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supersonic Passenger Flights

Description: This report provides an overview of the development of supersonic air travel, renewed interest in supersonic passenger flights, and issues and challenges related to supersonic flights.
Date: November 14, 2018
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.; Elias, Bart; Luther, Linda & Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Considerations for Congress

Description: This report examines some of the extensive history of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA), focusing primarily on its creation and most recent legislative reauthorization. This report also identifies relevant delegations of the President's DPA authorities made in Executive Order (E.O.) 13603 -- National Defense Resources Preparedness -- and provides a brief overview of issues Congress may consider in its oversight.
Date: November 20, 2018
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Schwartz, Moshe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Primer: Personnel Tempo (PERSTEMPO)

Description: This report explains the Department of Defense's (DOD's) personnel tempo (PERSTEMPO) management, policies and programs. PERSTEMPO refers to the pace of operations for servicemembers and can affect quality of life, work satisfaction, and overall morale for members and their families.
Date: October 23, 2018
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department