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The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief

Description: This report discusses the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program which is made up of four agencies (FEMA, The National Science Foundation, USGS, and National Institute of Standards and Technology) which are responsible for monitoring, reporting, and studying earthquakes and increasing resiliency to earthquakes through means such as stronger infrastructure, early warning systems, and recovery plans.
Date: September 20, 2018
Creator: Folger, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Expedited Removal of Aliens: Legal Framework

Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory and regulatory framework that governs expedited removal of aliens under INA Section 235(b)(1) and exceptions to expedited removal -- including provisions to seek review of an asylum claim. Finally, the report addresses the scope of judicial review, some of the legal challenges that have been raised to the expedited removal process, and potential legal issues that may arise if expedited removal were expanded to cover additional categories of aliens present in the United States.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Smith, Hillel R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agency Delay: Congressional and Judicial Means to Expedite Agency Rulemaking

Description: This report outlines the various tools that Congress can use to encourage agencies to act within a particular time frame. It then analyzes how those tools inform judicial analysis of challenges to agency actions as "unreasonably delayed" or "unlawfully withheld" under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and provides concluding remarks..
Date: October 5, 2018
Creator: Hickey, Kevin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Force B-21 Raider Long-Range Strike Bomber

Description: This report discusses the development of a new long-range bomber aircraft, the B-21 Raider (previously known as LRS-B). The U.S. Department of Defense proposes to acquire at least 100 of them, initially to replace the fleets of B-1 and B-2 bombers, and possibly to replace B-52s in the future.
Date: October 12, 2018
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conflict in Mali

Description: This report outlines the security and governance challenges that Mali has faced since the 2011-2013 crisis that devastated the military, central government institutions, and northern populations and the peace accord that followed in 2015.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Venezuela: Overview of U.S. Sanctions

Description: This report discusses the sanctions the U.S. employs against Venezuela related to terrorism, drug trafficking, trafficking in persons, antidemocratic actions, human rights violations, and corruption.
Date: October 4, 2018
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trade Related Agencies: FY2019 Appropriations, Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (CJS)

Description: This report provides an overview of the FY2019 budget request and appropriations for the International Trade Administration (ITA), the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC), and the office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR). These three trade-related agencies are funded through the annual Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) appropriations act. This report also provides a review of these agencies' trade-related programs.
Date: October 5, 2018
Creator: Hammond, Keigh E. & Villarreal, M. Angeles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs: FY2019 Budget and Appropriations

Description: This report provides describes funding for Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (SFOPS) during fiscal year 2019, in comparison to fiscal year 2018 funding. It provides an overview, description of congressional action, and discussion of key issues for Congress, including agency funding as well as foreign assistance. It also includes several appendices with supplementary information and account-by-account comparisons.
Date: October 1, 2018
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Gill, Cory R. & Lawson, Marian L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S.-China Relations

Description: This report discusses the relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC or China). Selected issues include strategic competition, trade, North Korea, synthetic drugs, the "one-China" policy, and human rights.
Date: September 18, 2018
Creator: Lawrence, Susan V. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs

Description: This report discusses the definitions of homelessness used by targeted federal homeless programs and federal efforts to end homelessness. In addition, the report describes the current federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families (other federal programs may provide assistance to homeless individuals but are not specifically designed to assist homeless persons).
Date: October 18, 2018
Creator: Perl, Libby; Boyd, Eugene; Duff, Johnathan H.; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Granovskiy, Boris; Heisler, Elayne J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bahrain: Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the political structure and human rights issues in Bahrain, including the 2011 uprising and its aftermath. Additionally, the report discusses Bahrain's relations with the United States and with the other countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) alliance.
Date: October 11, 2018
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Primer on Responding to Major Disasters and Emergencies

Description: This report provides information to aid policymakers related to the laws and administrative policies governing the disaster response and recovery process. It also reviews the legislative framework for providing federal financial assistance following disasters, as well as the policies the executive branch employs to provide supplemental help to state (or territory), tribal, and local governments during time of disasters.
Date: September 13, 2018
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serbia: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides an overview of Serbia and its governmental structure, economy, and foreign relations with the U.S., Kosovo, Turkey, Russia, and the EU.
Date: October 17, 2018
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L. & Garding, Sarah E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supreme Court October Term 2017: A Review of Selected Major Rulings

Description: This report highlights seven notable cases from the October Term 2017 that could impact the work of Congress: (1) Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis; (2) Carpenter v. United States; (3) Murphy v. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA); (4) Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31 (AFSCME); (5) National Institute of Family and Life Advocates (NIFLA) v. Becerra; (6) Trump v. Hawaii; and (7) Lucia v. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). For each case it provides background information, summarizes the arguments presented to the Court, explains the Court's ruling, and examines the potential implications for Congress, including the ramifications for the jurisprudence in a given area of law.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Nolan, Andrew; Brannon, Valerie C.; Cole, Jared P.; Freeman, Wilson C. & Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report describes the current status of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty and highlights issues that Congress may address as the United States pursues its compliance concerns with Russia. It starts with a historical overview and provides summaries of the provisions of the INF Treaty, Russia's concerns, and options that the United States has under the agreement, as well as a discussion of a potential Russian violation regarding development of a non-compliant missle.
Date: October 5, 2018
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Grants and Loans for State and Local Emergency Communications Projects: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report provides congressional staff with information on current federal grants and loans that fund emergency communications, including information on the application process, eligible communications activities, and other resources they can provide to constituents seeking federal grant and loan funding to support emergency communications projects.
Date: September 20, 2018
Creator: Gallagher, Jill C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department