Congressional Research Service Reports - 99 Matching Results

Search Results

Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Description: This notice from the Department of Transportation, denies a petition for rule-making filed by Physicians for Automotive Safety (PAS), asking this agency to mandate the installation of seat belts on all school buses. NHTSA believes that the currently mandated occupant protections in school buses provide an adequate level of safety protection, and that seat belts would not raise the level of protection for the occupants unless States and local jurisdictions were willing to take steps to ensure that the seat belts were actually used.
Date: October 17, 1983
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

conversations with Division staff. By your correspondence, you request relief on behalf of “X”, a registered commodity pool operator (“CPO”) and commodity trading advisor (“CTA”), with regard to the “Fund,” a commodity pool operated by “X.” You request confirmation that “X” may 1 continue to claim relief under Rule 4.7(a) with respect to the Fund notwithstanding investment in the Fund by a person who is not a qualified eligible participant (“QEP”). Based upon the representations contained in your letter, as supplemented, we understand the relevant facts to be as follows. On September 15, 1997, “X” filed a Notice of Claim for Exemption pursuant to Rule 4.7 on behalf of the Fund. Pursuant to this exemption, interests in the Fund may be sold only to QEPs. However, “X” would like to admit “A,” a non-QEP, into the Fund. In support of your request, you state that “A” is the father of “B,” the president, sole shareholder, and sole director of “X.” “A” has more than 30 years of investment experience. From the mid1950’s until the late 1960’s, “A” served as the director and vice-president of finance for a Fortune 500 mining and manufacturing concern. One of “A’s” responsibilities at this company was to supervise the investments of the company’s large pension funds. Since his retirement in 1975, “A” has supported himself not only by income from his pension but also from the returns generated by an investment portfolio which he actively manages. Based upon your representations, it appears that granting the requested relief would not be contrary to the public interest and the purpose of Rule 4.7. Accordingly the Division will not recommend that the Commission take any enforcement action against “X” for failure to comply with Rule 4.7(a) if it continues to claim relief pursuant to Rule 4.7, notwithstanding investment by “A” in the Fund. This relief is subject to the condition that “A” consent in writing to being treated as a QEP. You should be aware that the relief granted to “X” does not excuse “X” from compliance with any otherwise applicable requirements contained in the Commodity Exchange Act (the “Act”) or in the Commission’s regulations thereunder. For example, “X” remains subject to Section 4o of the

Description: No Description Available.
Date: October 17, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Environmental provisions are eligible for the fast-track procedure only if they meet at least one of the principal trade negotiating objectives.
Date: October 17, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Appropriations for FY2001: Interior and Related Agencies

Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations.
Date: October 17, 2000
Creator: Greenwood, Alfred R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Army Aviation: The RAH-66 Comanche Helicopter Issue

Description: Although it has been a high priority Army program, a number of factors have complicated the RAH-66 Comanche program. Since its inception, the program has been restructured several times–postponing the initial operational capability (IOC) and increasing overall program costs. Presently, there is debate within the Army regarding whether the program should be reduced significantly to make funds available to pursue other modernization priorities.
Date: October 17, 2000
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zimbabwe: Current Issues

Description: U.S. policy-makers once saw Zimbabwe as a source of political and economic stability in southern Africa, but with the failure of Zimbabwe’s economic reform program and mounting unrest in the 1990s, U.S. assistance levels fell sharply. Aid now focuses on programs to strengthen democracy, raise living standards among the poor, and fight the AIDS epidemic. In 2000, the United States strongly criticized pre-election violence and intimidation in Zimbabwe. In June 2001, the U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs warned that the United States and Zimbabwe could not have normal relations until the violence and intimidation end and the rule of law is restored.
Date: October 17, 2001
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Animal Agriculture: Issues in the 107th Congress

Description: A variety of animal agriculture issues, including prices, the impact of consolidation in the meat production/packing industry, trade, and the environmental impacts of large feedlots, continue to generate interest in Congress. This issue brief discusses these issues, as well as the 2002 farm bill, which contains several provisions affecting animal agriculture, including protections for contract growers, disaster assistance, country-of-origin labeling, and increased funding for conservation purposes.
Date: October 17, 2002
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Free Trade, and the 2002 Summit in Mexico

Description: On October 26-27, 2002, the Tenth APEC Leaders’ Meeting (summit) was hosted by Mexico in Las Cabos, Mexico. The official theme for APEC 2002 is to expand the benefits of cooperation for economic growth and development and enable the APEC vision to be implemented. For the United States, APEC raises fundamental questions that are of special interest to Congress. One is whether consensus can be achieved on the APEC vision of free trade and investment in the Asia Pacific or whether future trade liberalization will be confined primarily to bilateral free-trade agreements or multilateral trade negotiations under the World Trade Organization.
Date: October 17, 2002
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

European Counterterrorist Efforts: Political Will and Diverse Responses in the First Year After September 11

Description: The attacks of September 11 prompted the Bush Administration to improve law enforcement and other coordination between the United States and European governments dealing with international terrorism. European governments have also taken measures to enhance cooperation among themselves. Most notable are European Union efforts to enhance cross-border sharing of intelligence and police information, extend the reach of warrants, and strengthen external border controls. While European governments may wish to implement stronger efforts at home to quell terrorism, several do not wish to be seen as following an American plan for doing so, above all if that plan is linked to a broader U.S. policy for militarily confronting Middle Eastern countries or political entities that the Administration believes to be supporting terrorist networks.
Date: October 17, 2002
Creator: Gallis, Paul E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computer Attack and Cyber Terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Description: This report presents a working definition for the term “cyber terrorism”, plus background information describing how current technology and management processes may leave computers exposed to cyber-attack, and a discussion of possible effects of a cyber-attack. Potential issues for Congress are presented in the second section, including: whether appropriate guidance exists for a DOD information warfare response to a cyber-attack; whether the need to detect possible cyber terrorist activity interferes with individual privacy; whether the roles and responsibilities for protecting against a possible cyber terrorist attack need more clarity for government, industry, and home users; and, whether information sharing on cyber threats and vulnerabilities must be further increased between private industry and the federal government. The final section describes possible policy options for improving protection against threats from possible cyber terrorism.
Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Description: This report begins with a comprehensive presentation of current economic conditions focusing on income growth, unemployment, and inflation. The posture of monetary and fiscal policy is surveyed as are the forecasts of economic activity. It concludes with data on the factors important for economic growth.
Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Makinen, Gail & Vorce, Anne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department