Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,404 Matching Results

Search Results

Exploration of the Planets: A History, A Prospect, and Some Issues

Description: This report discusses the history and future of planetary exploration programs by the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Topics covered are motivations for planetary exploration, unmanned missions sent to Mars and Venus by the U.S. and Soviet Union, plans for manned missions to planets such as Mars, technical needs and costs for planetary space missions, and long-term plans and ideas.
Date: December 15, 1969
Creator: Devoe, Barbara M. & Sheldon, Charles S. II
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Latin American-United States Fishing Rights Controversy: Dilemma for United States Foreign Policy (1969-1971)

Description: This report discusses the controversy over fishing rights between the United States and three South American nations (Chile, Peru, and Ecuador) which culminated in the seizure of U.S. tuna fishing vessels by Peru and Ecuador in waters the U.S. considered outside their territorial jurisdiction. The main events of the controversy, diplomatic actions taken by the nations involved, and policy options are discussed.
Date: April 15, 1971
Creator: Hagen, Virginia M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Comparison of the Basic Provisions of the Nixon Administration General Revenue Sharing Bill (S. 680 and H.R. 4187, 92nd Congress) and of Congressman Mill's Bill for Assisting State and Local Governments (H.R. 11950, 92nd Congress)

Description: This report provides a comparison of the provisions of President Nixon's General Revenue Sharing Bill (S. 680 & H.R. 4187) and Congressman Mill's Intergovernmental Fiscal Coordination bill (H.R. 11950).
Date: February 15, 1972
Creator: McBreen, Maureen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relations Between Western Europe and the United States

Description: This report gives a detailed explanation of sources of strain in relations between Western Europe and the United States. In addition to outlining key causes of strain that occurred as early as the 1950s, the author provides a chronological listing of events that increased tension between 1973 and 1974.
Date: March 15, 1974
Creator: Lampson, Edward T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Description: After two generations of almost unchallenged supremacy, the U.S. auto industry has recently faced plummeting sales, rising competition from imports, and mounting requirements for capital investment and structural change. This has resulted in massive spilling of red ink in the industry's profit and loss columns, further financial pressures on the ailing Chrysler Corporation, layoffs of nearly 250,000 workers (as of August 4, 1980 in the automotive industry alone according to the United Auto Workers Union) and soaring claims for unemployment compensation and trade adjustment assistance. This study focuses on import competition in the auto industry and the economic impact of proposals to limit such competition through either import quotas or agreements with foreign governments (Japan) to restrict automotive exports to the United States.
Date: September 15, 1980
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Elwell, Craig
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Japan's International Trade Patterns, Institutions, and Policies

Description: This report presents an overview of Japan's performance in its trading relations. The report begins with a discussion of the development, size, and importance of Japan's international trading sector. It then examines the composition, institutions, and policies for trade. This is followed by a review of Japan's balance of payments, capital flows, value of the yen, and direction of trade.
Date: March 15, 1982
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Basic Reference Sources For Use by Congressional Offices: An Annotated Selection of Publications and Services

Description: This is an annotated guide to publications and other sources of information useful to Members of Congress and their staffs, covering congressional office management, the organization and operation of Congress, legislative responsibilities, services to constituents, and other duties of Congress.
Date: December 15, 1982
Creator: Barry, Rozanne M. & Ovenshire, Ruthann
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cost Overruns in Major Weapon Systems: Current Dimensions of a Longstanding Problem

Description: This paper reviews the initiatives of the Reagan Administration to control cost overruns during the last 2 and a half years and the actions taken by the Congress to strengthen its oversight role. Particular attention is directed at the critical need to enhance management incentive and accountability at all level of the acquisition process. If recently instituted reform in the Department of Defense fail to control cost overruns, pressure may grow for a more sweeping and radical approach. Serious consideration in such an event might even be given to removing responsibility for weapons acquisition management for the military service and assigning it to a civilian-operated supply agency.
Date: October 15, 1983
Creator: Lockwood, David E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ethylene Dibromide

Description: Much attention has recently been focused on the chemical ethylene dibromide (EDB). This chemical has been widely used in leaded gasoline, and has also been used to treat grains, citrus and other crops. It has been found in foods and in groundwater. This paper examines the possible health effects of exposure to EDB, as well as its regulation. The possible health effects and regulation of various chemical and physical alternatives to EDB are also examined. This paper concludes with some policy considerations pertinent to EDB.
Date: February 15, 1984
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Description: In 1981 Congress enacted extensive changes in taxing and spending policies that supporters of these changes expected to generate sufficient revenues, despite a series of tax rate cuts, to balance the budget by FY84. After the onset of recession in early 1982, however, the Reagan Administration's projections showed widening budget deficits, which culminated in an actual FY83 deficit of $195.4 billion. Despite enactment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982, and, more recently, the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984, large deficits are expected to persist, even under continued favorable economic conditions, unless Federal taxing and spending policies are altered dramatically.
Date: July 15, 1985
Creator: Grinnell, David & Cox, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Laws Relating to the Control of Narcotics and Other Dangerous Drugs, Enacted 1961-1985: Brief Summaries

Description: This report contains summaries of enactments, treaties, and reorganization plans, passed from 1961 through 1985, that have some clearly indicated relationship-- either by specific reference or by virtue of legislative history--to the Federal effort to prevent drug misuse through control of the supply of narcotics and other dangerous drugs.
Date: January 15, 1986
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department