Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,422 Matching Results

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Conscientious Objection and the Constitution: "Welsh v. United States" and Beyond

Description: This report discusses the Supreme Court case "Welsh v. United States" which considered the question of what constituted a religious belief that merited recognition as a conscientious objector. A judicial history of cases related to conscientious objection, analysis of the "Welsh" case, and Congressional options for dealing with the question of conscientious objection requirements are included.
Date: August 14, 1970
Creator: Killian, Johny H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excess Profits Taxation - Wartime Provisions and Current Proposals in the Energy Crisis

Description: This report summarizes both the excess profits tax legislation that was enacted or proposed during years of war in the early to mid 20th century and the proposals for excess profits tax legislation from the energy crisis of the late 20th century. In terms of the early to mid 20th century, the author mainly focuses on enacted and proposed legislation from the first and second World Wars, with a brief mention of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Furthermore, the report summarizes five of the excess profits tax proposals introduced during the energy crisis.
Date: February 14, 1974
Creator: Leibowitz, George J. & Zaritsky, Howard M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

P.L. 93-282, The Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1974: Legislative History and Section-By-Section Analysis

Description: This report provides a history and analysis of the provisions of The Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1974 (P.L. 93-282).
Date: August 14, 1974
Creator: Ebeler, Jack C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Consumer Price Index: An Overview

Description: The consumer price index is probably the most widely used measure of inflation. Changes i n the index affect the incomes of a substantial portion of the U.S. population. This report provides background information on the history and concepts of the index. In addition, several factors which may produce biases in the index are analyzed. The objective is to provide an introduction to the CPI f o r the policy maker who wishes to acquire a working knowledge of the concept as an aid in examining economic policy alternatives.
Date: December 14, 1979
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A. & Molefsky, Barry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Functional Analysis of Congressional Member Office Operations

Description: This report presents a general analysis of personal staff functions in a congressional office. Because there is little specific information from Congress and other sources regarding staff job descriptions and because congressional office organization patterns very significantly, this report focuses on the staff functions that are common to all offices regardless of organizational structure or job title: office management; mail; projects; casework; legislation; schedulng and personal services; press and public relations; and political functions.
Date: May 14, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Staffing: A Selected Annotated Bibliography

Description: This bibliography provides the reader an overview of the growth, development, responsibilities, and duties of personal staffs of Senators and Representatives and the staffs of congressional committees, as seen and studied by academicians, journalists, former Members of the House and Senate, and former staff members.
Date: July 14, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Program

Description: This report discusses the MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM),which is designed to be the most lethal strategic ballistic missile in the world. The missile was developed by the U.S. Air Force to augment the capabilities of the presently deployed ICBM force, which together with Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs) and manned strategic bomber aircraft form the triad of U.S. strategic nuclear offensive forces.
Date: December 14, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Casework in a Congressional Office

Description: This paper presents a general overview of congressional office procedures associated with handling casework, and the assistance provided by a Member of Congress to help constituents in their dealings with Federal agencies. It discusses options for assisting Member's constituents, and the role of staff and Members in providing casework services.
Date: December 14, 1982
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The FTC's Used Car Rule

Description: This report discusses the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) used car rule, which aims to prevent and discourage oral misrepresentations and deceptive omissions of material facts by those selling used cars concerning warranty coverage and mechanical condition.
Date: October 14, 1983
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Education of the Handicapped

Description: Federal involvement in the education of the handicapped increased significantly with the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-142) in the 94th Congress. This legislation amended the provisions for State assistance under Part B of the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA, P.L. 91-230, title VI, as amended) to require that a "free appropriate public education" be available for all handicapped children age 3 through 21 by September 1980. P.L. 94-142 authorized increased Federal financial assistance along with new requirements for participating State agencies and local school districts. Current issues relating to Federal policy for the education of the handicapped include concerns about costs and responsibilities in educating the handicapped, about the level of Federal financial support, about the characteristics of handicapped children actually identified and served, about the implementation of P.L. 94-142 requirements by State and local school districts, and about Administration proposals to revise Part B regulations.
Date: November 14, 1983
Creator: Fraas, Charlotte Jones
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use

Description: This report discusses the limited legalization of diacetylmorphine (heroin) for use in the medical treatment of intractable pain. The report attempts to present pros and cons on the issue as well as information on pending legislation. The report also provides a comparison of heroin's analgesic qualities to those of currently available and equivalent pharmaceutical alternatives.
Date: March 14, 1984
Creator: Blanchard, Randall, IV
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department