Congressional Research Service Reports - 32 Matching Results

Search Results

Supreme Court Drives Home Its Concern for Privacy in Collins v. Virginia

Description: This report discusses the Collins decision and its potential implications for Fourth Amendment law. Facing a clash between two well-established Fourth Amendment doctrines--the primacy of the home in Fourth Amendment case law versus the "automobile exception" to the Amendment's warrant requirement--the Supreme Court in Collins v. Virginia ultimately came down on the side of protecting privacy within the home and its adjoining property.
Date: June 26, 2018
Creator: Hanna, Jillian C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

UPDATE: Supreme Court Takes Fourth Amendment Case about Cell Phone Location Data

Description: This report provides an update to a June 2017 report on the Carpenter v. United States case on government collection of cell phone location information. On June 22, 2018, the Supreme Court held in a 5-to-4 decision in Carpenter v. United States that government acquisition of historical cell site location information (CSLI) constitutes a Fourth Amendment search. The Court further held that the government needs a warrant supported by probable cause.
Date: June 26, 2018
Creator: Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Trump Administration's Reform Plan and Reorganization Recommendations

Description: This report discusses the Trump Administration's "Delivering Government Solutions in the 21st Century: Reform Plan and Reorganization Recommendations" (the Reform Plan). The stated goal of the Reform Plan is to "improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability of agencies."
Date: June 26, 2018
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

When is Running Guns from the Philippines to Mexico a Federal Crime?

Description: This report discusses the case "United States v. Ubaldo" which concerns whether a gun smuggler who smuggled guns from a foreign country through the United States and then into another foreign country can be charged with a federal crime. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the conviction for conspiracy and causing the importation of weapons in violation of the Arms Export Control Act and ban on importing military firearms.
Date: June 26, 2017
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sea-Based Ballistic Missile Defense — Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the changing role and finance of sea-based systems in U.S. ballistic missile defense (BMD). Decisions that Congress reaches on this issue could affect U.S. BMD capabilities and funding requirements; the size, capabilities, and operational patterns of the Navy and the other services; and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Date: June 26, 2007
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $28 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Date: June 26, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wildfire Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 114th Congress

Description: This report provides background information and analysis of funding for federal wildfire suppression operations. It concludes by summarizing relevant legislative proposals introduced in the 114th Congress and discussing their possible implications.
Date: June 26, 2015
Creator: Hoover, Katie; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report focuses on the Ohio replacement program as a Navy shipbuilding program. The report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Ohio replacement program (ORP), a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs.
Date: June 26, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FEMA Disaster Housing and Hurricane Katrina: Overview, Analysis, and Congressional Issues

Description: This report discusses the issues with the housing policies of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), particularly as they relate to the Post-Katrina Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-295) and the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Plan (P.L. 93-288). It includes an overview of the Stafford Act sections 403 and 408 as well as a breakdown of issues for Congress and possible Congressional approaches to address the policies.
Date: June 26, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information regarding Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle(ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC). The report discusses the marines' justification for the ACV and MPC and desired operational capabilities.
Date: June 26, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: Issues for the 110th Congress

Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Cuba as well as its relationship with the United States. In particular, the report focuses on U.S. policy regarding how to best support political and economic change in one of the world's remaining communist nations, in the context of Fidel Castro's departure from heading the government because of poor health.
Date: June 26, 2008
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources

Description: Report that provides links to cybersecurity hearings and legislation under consideration in the 113th and 112th Congresses, as well as executive orders and presidential directives, data and statistics, glossaries, and authoritative reports.
Date: June 26, 2013
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The “Deeming Resolution”: A Budget Enforcement Tool

Description: This report gives an overview of the "deeming resolution" (referring to legislation deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle). It includes background information and a breakdown of House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, broken down by fiscal year for the cycles when there was no agreement on a budget resolution.
Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report covers Special Operations Forces (SOF) budgets for FY2013 and expected uses of the bugeted money. SOF actions play a significant role in U.S. military operations, and the Administration has given U.S. SOF greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations.
Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report gives an overview of fuel use by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and its pursuit of numerous initiatives for reducing its fuel needs and changing the mix of energy sources that it uses. The report includes an extensive background on DOD fuel use including how the DOD uses and buys fuel, challenges and risks associated with the DOD's fuel use, DOD energy initiatives, and past legislation that addressed DOD energy use; it also presents issues for Congress and legislative action to be addressed during FY2013.
Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe; Blakeley, Katherine & O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Guatemala: Political, Security, and Socio- Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides an overview of Guatemala's current political and economic conditions, relations with the United States, and several issues likely to figure in future decisions by Congress and the Administration regarding Guatemala. With respect to continued cooperation and foreign assistance, these issues include security and governance; protection of human rights and human rights conditions on some U.S. military aid to Guatemala; support for the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala; combating narcotics trafficking and organized crime; trade relations; and intercountry adoption.
Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the United States' relationship with India as it regards nuclear nonproliferation and cooperation. It particularly looks at agreements made between the Bush administration and India, and the Obama administration's continuation of these policies.
Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department