Congressional Research Service Reports - 32 Matching Results

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Lame Duck Sessions of Congress Following a Majority-Changing Election: In Brief

Description: This report describes "lame duck" sessions of Congress, which take place whenever one Congress meets after its successor is elected but before the term of the current Congress ends. It specifically provides additional information on the 1954, 1994, and 2010 lame duck sessions.
Date: November 13, 2018
Creator: Hudiburg, Jane A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Primer: RDT&E

Description: This report describes the appropriations structure and funding levels for the U.S. Department of Defense's (DOD's) research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E). The DOD relies on scientific and technical research funded by the department and performed by industry, universities, federal laboratories, and others; the DOD also relies on technology developed by the private sector for commercial markets.
Date: November 13, 2018
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Effects of a U.S. NAFTA Withdrawal: Agricultural Markets

Description: This report examines some of the potential consequences to U.S. agricultural markets of a U.S. withdrawal from NAFTA, focusing on the possibility that higher tariffs could be imposed on U.S. imports and exports. In particular, under a NAFTA withdrawal, it is likely that most-favored nation (MFN) tariffs would be imposed on agricultural products traded among the NAFTA countries instead of the current zero tariff (i.e., duty-free trade) for most agricultural products. In general, MFN tariffs on U.S. agricultural imports would likely raise prices both to U.S. consumers and other end users, such as manufacturers of value-added food products.
Date: November 13, 2017
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EPA Proposes to Repeal the Clean Power Plan

Description: This report discuses the EPA proposal in October 2017 to repeal the "Clean Power Plan" due to their determination after review of the rule that it exceeded their statutory authority to implement it. Steps in the process of repealing the rule, the outcome of the current court case regarding the rule, and possible replacement rules regarding Carbon dioxide emissions and power plants.
Date: November 13, 2017
Creator: Tsang, Linda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Reform: The Child Credit and the Child Care Credit

Description: This report discusses the child credit and the child care credit and what changes are being made to them in the new tax reform plan currently being debated. This report provides background to help assess who would be assisted by potential changes to either credit. It shows what types of families with children receive both credits and how the credits are distributed across the income distribution.
Date: November 13, 2017
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L. & Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Sided Credit Card Markets: The Supreme Court Takes Up Novel Antitrust Issue

Description: This report discusses the case of "Ohio v. American Express" which the Supreme Court has accepted for hearing which poses the question of how federal antitrust law should treat two-sided markets which are platforms in which two distinct user groups operate in an interdependent way. The case challenges anti-steering clauses in American Express contract agreements with merchants that prevent the merchants from promoting the use of other credit cards. The case has the potential to change the way vendors accept card payments across the country--but the case also provides the Supreme Court with the opportunity to guide the lower courts that are increasingly confronting antitrust issues concerning two-sided markets. As a result, the American Express case raises several issues for Congress that could implicate its legislative and oversight roles with respect to the financial services industry and, more generally, the regulation of two-sided markets.
Date: November 13, 2017
Creator: Smith, Austin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flood-Risk Reduction and Resilience: Federal Assistance and Programs

Description: This report provides an overview of flood assistance programs and the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) related mitigation incentives; it also raises flood-related policy considerations associated with federal programs and practices.
Date: November 13, 2017
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Horne, Diane P.; Brown, Jared T.; Boyd, Eugene; Stubbs, Megan; Ramseur, Jonathan L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

21st Century Flood Reform Act (H.R. 2874): Reforming the National Flood Insurance Program

Description: This report discusses the National Flood Insurance Act and the proposed 21st Century Flood Reform Act in the House. House leaders submitted an Amendment in the Nature of a Substitute (H.R. 2874ANS) on November 6, 2017, that would modify H.R. 2874, the 21st Century Flood Reform Act, to add provisions from the six other bills approved by the House Financial Services Committee. H.R. 2874 would authorize the NFIP until September 30, 2022. This report summarizes selected provisions of the bill, concentrating on changes related to premiums and surcharges, affordability, increasing participation, the role of private insurance, treatment of multiple loss properties, and some provisions related to floodplain mapping and mitigation.
Date: November 13, 2017
Creator: Horne, Diane P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Growth in Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Description: This report discusses the special role that the dollar plays in international finance and the strength and stability of the U.S. financial markets (including Treasury securities) which make them attractive sources for foreign investment.
Date: November 13, 2006
Creator: Winters, Philip D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Description: Internet privacy issues encompass concerns about the collection of personally identifiable information from visitors to Web sites, as well as debate over law enforcement or employer monitoring of electronic mail and Web usage. In the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks, debate over the issue of law enforcement monitoring has intensified, with some advocating increased tools for law enforcement to track down terrorists, and others cautioning that fundamental tenets of democracy, such as privacy, not be endangered in that pursuit. This report provides a brief overview of Internet privacy issues and tracks pending legislation.
Date: November 13, 2001
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reporting Requirements in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

Description: This report describes the various reporting requirements in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) and is organized according to the entities required to prepare and submit the reports. The report also provides some concluding observations regarding those requirements.
Date: November 13, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Policy Implications of the House Reconciliation Bill (H.R. 3762)

Description: This report provides background on the reconciliation process of the FY2016 budget resolution (S.Con.Res. 11) and summarizes the provisions in H.R. 37622. It then briefly examines some of the bill's policy implications. The report will be updated as necessary to reflect key legislative developments.
Date: November 13, 2015
Creator: Mach, Annie L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lowry, Sean; Redhead, C. S.; Saturno, James V. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Branch: FY2015 Appropriations

Description: This report provides an overview of the current status of FY2015 legislative branch appropriations. The report then addresses the FY2015 budget requests, hearings, and funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sea-Based Ballistic Missile Defense-- Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the changing role and finance of sea-based systems in U.S. ballistic missile defense (BMD). Decisions that Congress reaches on this issue could affect U.S. BMD capabilities and funding requirements; the size, capabilities, and operational patterns of the Navy and the other services; and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Date: November 13, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Description: At the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Ninth Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, December 3-7, 2013, ministers adopted the so-called Bali Package--a series of decisions aimed at streamlining trade (referred to as trade facilitation), allowing developing countries more options for providing food security, boosting least-developed-country trade, and helping development more generally. This report focuses on those aspects of the Bali Package that deal with and are specific to agriculture. It also includes a section (at the end of the report) that provides an update on the status of implementation of the various Bali Package provisions agreed to by the WTO.
Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Childhood Overweight and Obesity: Data Brief

Description: This report provides an overview of the data being used to inform federal obesity policy. It presents an overview of obesity statistics among children and adolescents, and includes a discussion of obesity measurement, trends in obesity rates, and differences that exist across gender, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geographic location.
Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Branch: FY2015 Appropriations

Description: This report provides an overview of the current status of FY2015 legislative branch appropriations. The report then addresses the FY2015 budget requests, hearings, and funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department