Congressional Research Service Reports - 377 Matching Results

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Deference and its Discontents: Will the Supreme Court Overrule Chevron?

Description: The Chevron deference is a seminal administrative law doctrine established by the Court's opinion in the 1984 case of Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. As several members of the Supreme Court are critical of the doctrine, this report discusses the possibility of the Court reconsidering Chevron in the near future.
Date: October 11, 2018
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C. & Cole, Jared P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Standards

Description: This report discusses the amendments to the federal standards that regulate fuel economy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from new passenger cars and light trucks. The amendments were proposed by the Trump Administration on August 24, 2018.
Date: October 11, 2018
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.; Tsang, Linda & Canis, Bill
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hurricane Michael: Brief Overview of FEMA Programs and Resources

Description: This report provides a brief overview of emergency and major disaster declarations relevant to Hurricane Michael, and selected federal resources and links to CRS products related to Stafford Act declarations, disaster response, and recovery.
Date: October 11, 2018
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Reese, Shawn; Brown, Jared T.; Horn, Diane P. & Painter, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), Reinsurance, and Catastrophe Bonds

Description: This report discusses the use of reinsurance to transfer some of the risk of an insurance policy from the primary insurer to a secondary insurer, and the National Flood Insurance Program's (NFIP) decision to use reinsurance through the issuance of catastrophe bonds (which pay out when a particular type of disaster set out in the bond agreement occurs) by the secondary private insurers.
Date: September 11, 2018
Creator: Horn, Diane P. & Webel, Baird
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Policy and Disaster Recovery

Description: This report discusses, in broad terms, disaster-related tax policy. Challenges associated with using the tax code to deliver federal financial assistance following natural disasters are also discussed.
Date: September 11, 2018
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CIA Ethics Education: Background and Perspectives

Description: This report discusses the ethics education of CIA officers. Topics include baseline approaches to ethics education, perspectives on intelligence ethics, personal standards of conduct, and principles of professional ethics.
Date: June 11, 2018
Creator: DeVine, Michael E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Description: This report provides background and analysis of U.S.-China commercial ties, including history, trends, issues, and outlook.
Date: January 11, 2018
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Class Action Lawsuits: A Legal Overview for the 115th Congress

Description: This report serves as a primer on class action litigation in the federal courts. It begins by discussing the purpose of class actions, as well as the risks class actions may pose to defendants, class members, and society at large. The report also discusses the prerequisites that a class action must satisfy before a court may "certify" it--that is, before a federal court may allow a case to proceed as a class action. An Appendix to the report also contains a reference chart that graphically illustrates those prerequisites for class certification. The report then discusses Rule 23's restrictions on the parties' ability to settle a certified class action. The report concludes by identifying ways in which Congress could modify the legal framework governing class actions if it were so inclined, with a particular focus on a bill currently pending in the 115th Congress that would effectuate a variety of changes to the class action system.
Date: April 11, 2018
Creator: Lewis, Kevin M. & Freeman, Wilson C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abortion at or Over 20 Weeks' Gestation: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report provides answers to frequently asked questions concerning abortions that are performed in the second trimester of a woman's pregnancy because Congress and many state legislatures are considering legislation that would limit or ban abortions in midpregnancy. This report does not discuss constitutional or legal questions nor does it discusses differing state regulations regarding such abortions.
Date: April 11, 2018
Creator: Barry, Matthew B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Funding and Financing Highways and Public Transportation

Description: This report discusses the current federal funding structure for surface transportation and the budget shortfalls in the Highway Trust Fund (made up of funds from gas taxes). Various options for resolving the funding shortfall are discussed, including raising the gas tax, public-private partnerships, and tolls.
Date: January 11, 2018
Creator: Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Expulsion of Members of Congress: Legal Authority and Historical Practice

Description: This report discusses the nature of the power of Congress to remove a Member, including the historical background of the Clause, the implications of the limited judicial interpretations of the Clause's meaning, and other potential constitutional limitations in the exercise of the expulsion power. The report then analyzes the potential grounds upon which a Member might be expelled, including an overview of past cases resulting in expulsion and a discussion of the potential exercise of the expulsion power for conduct occurring prior to the Member's election or reelection to Congress.
Date: January 11, 2018
Creator: Brown, Cynthia & Garvey, Todd
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Update: Who's the Boss at the CFPB

Description: This report is an update regarding the acting director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, as there were two indivuduals who claimed the right to the job. The Trump Administration appointed acting director, Mick Mulvaney, was confirmed in his position after a lawsuit filed by the previous acting director, Leandra English, was denied by the DC courts.
Date: January 11, 2018
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C. & Cole, Jared P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department