Congressional Research Service Reports - 440 Matching Results

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Electric Grid Cybersecurity

Description: This report discusses the current state of electric grid cybersecurity, and the interconnected dependency of critical infrastructure with regard to electric sector reliability. It includes discussions of recent developments, cyber and physical security, threats to the grid and supply chain risks, use of artificial intelligence, improvements to grid cybersecurity, recent legislation and other issues for Congress.
Date: September 4, 2018
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reserve Component Personnel Issues: Questions and Answers

Description: This report is designed to provide an overview of key reserve component personnel issues. The term "Reserve Component" refers collectively to the seven individual reserve components of the Armed Forces: the Army National Guard of the United States, the Army Reserve, the Navy Reserve, the Marine Corps Reserve, the Air National Guard of the United States, the Air Force Reserve, and the Coast Guard Reserve.
Date: October 4, 2018
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence & Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Research and Development (R&D) Funding: Fiscal Year 2019

Description: This report begins with a discussion of the overall level of President Trump's FY2019 R&D request, followed by analyses of the R&D funding request from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. The remainder of the report provides discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for approximately 99% of total federal R&D funding.
Date: October 4, 2018
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.; Cowan, Tadlock; Esworthy, Robert; Gallo, Marcy E.; Harris, Laurie A.; Morgan, Daniel et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparing DHS Component Funding, FY2019: In Brief

Description: This report reviews the budget authority provided to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2018, requested by the Trump Administration for FY2019, as well as the funding levels proposed in Senate and House Appropriations Committee-reported legislation for FY2019. It examines net discretionary annual appropriations for DHS--a perspective on the net impact of legislation funding DHS on congressionally tracked budget totals--and also provides a more inclusive look at the resources available to DHS components to perform their missions.
Date: October 4, 2018
Creator: Painter, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report discusses the Trade Promotion Authority program which allows the President to request an expedited procedure for an international trade deal that meets certain requirements. The report answers a variety of frequently asked questions regarding TPA's functions and purpose and Congressional power over it.
Date: September 4, 2018
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Davis, Christopher M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Role in U.S. Campaigns and Elections: An Overview

Description: This report provides a resource for understanding the current campaigns and elections regulatory structure. It addresses those areas of law and public policy that most directly and routinely affect American campaigns and elections: campaign finance; election administration; election security; redistricting; qualifications and contested elections; and voting rights.
Date: September 4, 2018
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fiscal Year 2018 National Defense Authorization Act

Description: This report discusses the FY2018 defense budget request and provides a summary of congressional action on the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal year (FY) 2018. The annual NDAA authorizes appropriations for the Department of Defense (DOD) and defense-related nuclear energy programs of the Department of Energy and typically includes provisions affecting DOD policies or organization. Unlike an appropriations bill, the NDAA does not provide budget authority for government activities.
Date: June 4, 2018
Creator: Towell, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Withdrawal from International Agreements: Legal Framework, the Paris Agreement, and the Iran Nuclear Agreement

Description: This report outlines the legal framework for withdrawal from international agreements under domestic and international law, and it examines legal issues related to the potential termination of two agreements that may be of significance to the 115th Congress: the Paris Agreement on climate change and the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) related to Iran's nuclear program.
Date: May 4, 2018
Creator: Mulligan, Stephen P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data, Social Media, and Users: Can We All Get Along?

Description: This report examines policy issues surrounding the Cambridge Analytica data breach/misuse of Facebook and provides options for Congress to consider. While this event has started discussions on election security and social media company requirements to report advertising, this report addresses data security concerns without discussing the impacts or consequences of data use.
Date: April 4, 2018
Creator: Jaikaran, Chris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Title I of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): A Summary of the Statute

Description: This report summarizes selected statutory provisions of Title 1 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) but does not discuss agency regulations and guidance that may provide more detailed direction for conducting risk evaluation and selecting regulatory options to prevent unreasonable risks of specific chemicals.
Date: April 4, 2018
Creator: Yen, Jerry H. & Wyatt, Alexandra M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Corporation for National and Community Service: Overview of Programs and Funding

Description: This report provides an overview of the Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) which is an independent federal agency that administers the programs authorized by two statutes: the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (NCSA; P.L. 101-610), as amended, and the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973 (DVSA; P.L. 93-113), as amended. NCSA and DVSA programs were most recently reauthorized by the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act (P.L. 111-13). The report describes programs authorized by these laws and compares CNCS funding for FY2015, FY2016, FY2017, and FY2018.
Date: April 4, 2018
Creator: Fountain, Joselyn H. & Overbay, Abigail R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Description: This report examines developments in U.S. policy restricting travel and remittances to Cuba, current permissible travel and remittances, enforcement of the travel restrictions, and debate on lifting the travel restrictions. Appendix A provides a chronology of major actions taken on travel restrictions; Appendix B provides a history of related legislative.
Date: December 4, 2017
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA): A Legal Overview

Description: This report examines the nature and scope of the current regulatory scheme, including the scope of FARA's application to agents of foreign principals; what the statute requires of those covered under the Act; exemptions available under the statute; and methods of enforcement. The report concludes by discussing various legislative proposals to amend FARA in the 115th Congress.
Date: December 4, 2017
Creator: Brown, Cynthia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Negotiations with North Korea: In Brief

Description: This report summarizes past nuclear and missile negotiations between the United States and North Korea, also known by its formal name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), and highlights some of the lessons and implications that can be drawn from these efforts.
Date: December 4, 2017
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Manyin, Mark E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Senate Committee Hearings: Preparation

Description: This report identifies many of the tasks that need to be performed by a full committee or subcommittees in advance of a hearing; these are based on Senate or committee rules, or common committee practice. It also outlines responsibilities which are divided among the committee's majority staff, shared by majority and minority staff, or performed by a Senator's personal office staff, depending on the tasks.
Date: December 4, 2017
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Acquisition Reform in the FY2016-FY2018 National Defense Authorization Acts (NDAAs)

Description: This report provides a brief overview of selected acquisition-related provisions found in the National Defense Authorization Acts (NDAAs) for FY2016 (P.L. 114-92), FY2017 (P.L. 114-328), and FY2018 (P.L. 115-91), including the following topics that were a focus of the legislation: Major Defense Acquisition Programs, the acquisition workforce, commercial items, Other Transaction Authority, and contract types. This report also discusses the breakup of the office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, as well as the shift of authority from that office to the military departments.
Date: January 4, 2018
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department