Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,309 Matching Results

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Infrastructure Investment and the Federal Government

Description: This report discusses federal infrastructure investment. The condition and performance of infrastructure are generally thought to be important for the nation's health, welfare, and economy.
Date: November 19, 2018
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quantum Information Science: Applications, Global Research and Development, and Policy Considerations

Description: This report provides an overview of quantum information science (QIS) technologies: sensing and metrology, communications, and computing and simulation. It also includes examples of existing and potential future applications; brief summaries of funding and selected R&D initiatives in the United States and elsewhere around the world; a description of U.S. congressional activity; and a discussion of related policy considerations.
Date: November 19, 2018
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA): Historical Overview, Funding, and Reauthorization

Description: This report provides a brief history of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) with an overview of the crimes addressed through the act. It includes brief descriptions of earlier VAWA reauthorizations and a more-detailed description of the most recent reauthorization in 2013. The report concludes with a discussion of VAWA programs and a five-year history of funding from FY2014 through FY2018.
Date: November 19, 2018
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP): Background and Funding

Description: This report begins by describing the population using emergency food assistance. It goes on to discuss the the Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) program, including its administration at the federal, state, and local levels, eligibility rules, and funding structure. The report concludes by summarizing TEFAP's role in disaster response and recent reauthorization efforts.
Date: November 19, 2018
Creator: Billings, Kara Clifford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

United States and Saudi Arabia Energy Relations

Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S.-Saudi Arabia energy relationship that dates back to at least 1933. Since then, this relationship has witnessed the creation of the Arabian American Oil Company (Aramco), nationalization and ownership transfer of Aramco to Saudi Arabia (renamed Saudi Aramco), a Saudi-supported embargo of crude oil shipments to the United States, and various periods of energy cooperation. Today, the U.S.-Saudi energy relationship includes interests within three general categories: (1) energy trade, (2) business operations, and (3) global petroleum prices.
Date: November 19, 2018
Creator: Brown, Phillip & Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Expedited Removal of Aliens: Legal Framework

Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory and regulatory framework that governs expedited removal of aliens under INA Section 235(b)(1) and exceptions to expedited removal -- including provisions to seek review of an asylum claim. Finally, the report addresses the scope of judicial review, some of the legal challenges that have been raised to the expedited removal process, and potential legal issues that may arise if expedited removal were expanded to cover additional categories of aliens present in the United States.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Smith, Hillel R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

WTO Disciplines on U.S. Domestic Support for Agriculture

Description: This report outlines the rules and disciplines the United States has committed to abide by as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

Description: This report describes the naming process for U.S. naval ships and various regulations regarding the process. Recent legislation related to ship names is also included.
Date: October 19, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conflict in Mali

Description: This report outlines the security and governance challenges that Mali has faced since the 2011-2013 crisis that devastated the military, central government institutions, and northern populations and the peace accord that followed in 2015.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supreme Court October Term 2017: A Review of Selected Major Rulings

Description: This report highlights seven notable cases from the October Term 2017 that could impact the work of Congress: (1) Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis; (2) Carpenter v. United States; (3) Murphy v. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA); (4) Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31 (AFSCME); (5) National Institute of Family and Life Advocates (NIFLA) v. Becerra; (6) Trump v. Hawaii; and (7) Lucia v. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). For each case it provides background information, summarizes the arguments presented to the Court, explains the Court's ruling, and examines the potential implications for Congress, including the ramifications for the jurisprudence in a given area of law.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Nolan, Andrew; Brannon, Valerie C.; Cole, Jared P.; Freeman, Wilson C. & Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Immigration: Frequently Asked Questions about "Public Charge"

Description: This report provides answers to frequently-asked questions about current public charge policy, including the sources of laws that govern public charge determinations, who is subject to determinations, factors that are considered in determinations, and the consequences of determinations.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Singer, Audrey & Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report presents background information and issues for Congress concerning the Navy's force structure and shipbuilding plans. The current and planned size and composition of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navy's shipbuilding plans have been oversight matters for the congressional defense committees for many years.
Date: October 19, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Intellectual Property Law: A Brief Introduction

Description: This report provides a brief overview of each form of federal intellectual property (IP) protection, including patent law, copyright law, and trademarks.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Hickey, Kevin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NAFTA and the Preliminary U.S.-Mexico Agreement

Description: This report outlines the key provisions of the agreement between the U.S. and Mexico that is set to replace the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles & Fergusson, Ian F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Description: This report describes the Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) benefits, which are available only to those individuals who have become unemployed as a direct result of a declared major disaster and information on how to ascertain if an individual is eligible for DUA benefits.
Date: October 19, 2018
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the history of the negotiations regarding reunification of the island of Cyprus and a description of some of the issues involved in those talks.
Date: October 19, 2018
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
Date: October 19, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Veterans Choice Program (VCP): Program Implementation

Description: This report discusses the Veterans Choice Program (VCP) which allows veterans to use community health care providers and still be covered under VA (Veteran's Affairs) insurance benefits. The report provides details on how the VCP is being implemented and is meant to provide insight into the execution of the current VCP program.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Description: This report looks at the background of Iran's nuclear policy including the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, and current controversy surrounding them, as well as the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law

Description: This report provides an introduction to the roles that international law and agreements play in the United States. This includes the role of different branches of government play in navigating such laws.
Date: September 19, 2018
Creator: Mulligan, Stephen P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transnational Crime Issues: Human Trafficking

Description: This report discusses U.S. and international responses to the issue of human trafficking. Human trafficking is a domestic and international phenomenon that refers to the subjection of men, women, and children to exploitative conditions that may be tantamount to slavery.
Date: July 19, 2018
Creator: Rosen, Liana W. & Weber, Michael A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department