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Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: Unmanned vehicles (UVs) are viewed as a key element of the effort to transform U.S. military forces. The Department of the Navy may eventually acquire every major kind of UV. Navy and Marine Corps UV programs raise several potential issues for Congress.
Date: May 31, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Description: Programs for implementing network-centric warfare (NCW) in the Navy include the Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC), the IT-21 program, and FORCEnet. A related program is the Navy-Marine Corps Intranet (NMCI). Congress has expressed concern for some of these programs, particularly NMCI.
Date: May 30, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

F-22A Raptor

Description: The F-22A Raptor is a next-generation fighter/attack aircraft that features the latest stealth technology to reduce detection by radar. Using more advanced engines and avionics than the current F-15 Eagle, the F-22A is intended to maintain U.S. Air Force capabilities against more sophisticated enemy aircraft and air defenses in the 21st century. This report examines the Air Force’s F-22A Raptor program, including costs and schedule; considers several key issues, and concludes with a synopsis of recent legislative activity on the program.
Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy CVN-21 Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issue for Congress

Description: The Navy's proposed FY2007 budget requests $739 million in advance procurement funding for CVN-78, the lead ship in the Navy's proposed CVN-21 class of aircraft carriers. The budget also requests $45 million in advance procurement funding for CVN-79, the second ship in the class. The Navy wants to procure CVN-78 in FY2008 and CVN-79 in FY2012. The House and Senate versions of the FY2007 defense authorization bill (H.R. 5122/S. 2766) support procurement of CVN-78 and CVN-79 but differ on certain items relating to aircraft carrier acquisition.
Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evolutionary Acquisition and Spiral Development in DOD Programs: Policy Issues for Congress

Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) in 2001 adopted a new approach for developing major weapon systems, called evolutionary acquisition with spiral development (EA/SD), as its preferred standard. EA/SD is intended to make DOD’s acquisition system more responsive to rapid changes in military needs. EA/SD poses potentially important challenges for Congress in carrying out its legislative functions, particularly committing to and effectively overseeing DOD weapon acquisition programs.
Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Pagliano, Gary J. & O'Rourke, Ronald
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Description: This report examines various issues regard Iran and its nuclear program.International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections since 2003 have revealed two decades’ worth of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran, including uranium enrichment and plutonium separation efforts. Iran agreed in 2003 to suspend its enrichment and reprocessing activities in exchange for promises of assistance from Germany, France, and the UK (EU-3), but negotiations broke down in August 2005. On September 24, 2005, the IAEA Board of Governors found Iran to be in noncompliance with its Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) safeguards agreement (GOV/2005/77) and voted (GOV/2006/14) on February 4 to report Iran to the U.N. Security Council. The Security Council issued a presidential statement on March 29 that called upon Iran to reinstitute its voluntary suspension of enrichment and reprocessing and asked the IAEA to report on Iran’s compliance by April 28. On April 11, Iranian officials announced that they had enriched some uranium to 3.5% enrichment (fuel-grade).
Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Description: This report discusses suspicions of an Iranian nuclear weapons program, and Iran’s current plans — to construct seven nuclear power plants (1000 MW each) by 2025.
Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department