Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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35 Years of Water Policy: The 1973 National Water Commission and Present Challenges

Description: This report presents the National Water Commission's (NWC) recommendations and analyzes how issues targeted by the recommendations have evolved during the intervening years. The report focuses on key federal-level recommendations, thereby targeting what has been accomplished since 1973, what issues remain unresolved, and what additional concerns have developed.
Date: May 11, 2009
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Carter, Nicole T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: This report discusses the debate over western water resources, which revolves around the issue of how best to plan for and manage the use of this renewable, yet sometimes scarce and increasingly sought after, resource.
Date: October 18, 2006
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: September 12, 2003
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: October 25, 2002
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: July 21, 2003
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: August 24, 2005
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: June 15, 2004
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: For more than a century, the federal government has constructed water resource projects for a variety of purposes, including flood control, navigation, power generation, and irrigation. Growing population and changing values have increased demands on water supplies and river systems, resulting in water use and management conflicts throughout the country, particularly in the West, where the population is expected to increase 30% in the next 20-25 years. Debate over western water resources revolves around the issue of how best to plan for and manage the use of this renewable, yet sometimes scarce and increasingly sought after, resource. The 109th Congress is considering a number of bills on western water issues, including title transfer, water recycling, and rural water supply legislation, as well as Indian water rights settlement legislation.
Date: March 8, 2006
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: December 9, 2005
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Western Water Resource Issues

Description: No Description Available.
Date: October 18, 2006
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

Description: This report discusses California's current hydrological situation and provides background on regulatory restrictions affecting California water deliveries, as well as on the long-established state water rights system, which also results in uneven water deliveries in times of shortages.
Date: December 7, 2009
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Folger, Peter & Brougher, Cynthia
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

Description: This report provides a summary of California's 2012-2015 drought including: comparisons, where applicable, to previous droughts; a summary of the key regulatory requirements that at certain times limit water deliveries (or exports) from the San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers' Delta; and a brief discussion of California water rights with their relation to different types of federal contracts and their associated water allocations.
Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Folger, Peter & Brown, Cynthia
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Auburn Dam on the American River: Fact Sheet

Description: For more than 30 years, Congress has debated constructing a dam on the American River near Auburn, California. The Army Corps of Engineers recently identified three alternatives for flood control, with the Division office's preferred plan calling for construction of a 508-foot-high detention dam. Currently, two bills address the issue: H.R. 3270 supports construction of the dam, while H.R. 2951 opposes construction of any structure on the North Fork of the American River.
Date: June 6, 1996
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Hughes, H. Steven & Price, Shelley
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of H.R. 5781, California Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014

Description: This report provides a description and analysis of H.R. 5781, the California Emergency Drought Relief Act of 2014, which passed the House December 9, 2014. It includes a summary of key provisions of the bill, and compares it with two other bills from the 113th Congress aiming to address different aspects of drought and water management in California.
Date: December 11, 2014
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Stern, Charles V.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Water Resource Issues in the 114th Congress

Description: This report discusses recent congressional activity and possible topics for the 114th Congress. It provides an overview of the federal role in water resources development, management, and protection, with a focus on projects of the two major federal water resources agencies--Reclamation and the U.S. Army Corps--and related legislation.
Date: January 23, 2015
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Stern, Charles V. & Carter, Nicole T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Water Resource Issues in the 113th Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of the federal role in water resources development, management, and protection, including a discussion of the two major federal water resources agencies and related legislation. It also discusses overarching policy issues, such as flood and drought management and response; project funding and authorization priorities; and aquatic ecosystem restoration.
Date: January 31, 2013
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Stern, Charles V.; Carter, Nicole T. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Allocation of Wastewater Treatment Assistance: Formula and Other Changes

Description: This report describes the formula and eligibility changes adopted by Congress since 1972 related to the allocation of wastewater treatment assistance. It focuses on the interplay and decision-making by Congress on factors to include in the formula.
Date: August 19, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

Description: This report provides background on the revised environmental rules, the previous Clean Water Act rules and the Clinton Administration proposal, and perspectives of key interest groups on the proposal and final regulations. It also identifies several issues that could be of congressional interest as implementation of the revised rules proceeds.
Date: August 31, 2007
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA's Response to the Waterkeeper Alliance Court Decision on Regulation of CAFOs

Description: This report discusses the Clean Water Act, which prohibits the discharge of pollutants from any "point source" to waters of the United States unless authorized under a permit that is issued by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or a qualified state. The act also expressly defines confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) as point sources.
Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department