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Taxes and the Economy: An Economic Analysis of the Top Tax Rates Since 1945

Description: This report attempts to clarify whether or not there is an association between the tax rates of the highest income taxpayers and economic growth. Data is analyzed to illustrate the association between the tax rates of the highest income taxpayers and measures of economic growth.
Date: September 14, 2012
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Recently Expired Individual Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Description: This report briefly summarizes and discusses four items categorized as individual tax provisions that are regularly extended for one or two years (tax extenders). These items include deductions for elementary and secondary school teachers, deductions for state and local taxes, deductions for tuition and related expenses, and exclusions for employer-provided transit and parking benefits.
Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Excise Tax on High-Cost Employer-Sponsored Health Coverage: Background and Economic Analysis

Description: This report gives a brief description of the excise tax on high-cost employer-sponsored coverage, commonly referred to as the Cadillac tax, including the legislative origins of the tax and an analysis of the revenue effects of the tax. It also analyzes the Cadillac tax using standard economic criteria of efficiency, equity, and administrative simplicity as well as an analysis of health insurance premium data to provide insights into what share of health insurance plans could exceed the Cadillac tax threshold and how the threshold could affect more health plans over time.
Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Excise Tax on High-Cost Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance: Estimated Economic and Market Effects

Description: This report examines several issues: it evaluates the potential of the Cadillac tax to affect health insurance coverage (and, therefore, the health market), and examines the expected incidence (burden) of the tax--that is, which group will pay the price of the tax.
Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 111th Congress

Description: This report examines three main categories of tax reform: fundamental tax reform, tax reform based on the elimination of the individual alternative minimum tax (AMT), and proposals for reforming the corporate income tax in the 111th Congress.
Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Provisions that Expired in 2014 ("Tax Extenders")

Description: This report provides a broad overview of tax extenders -- a collective of temporary tax provisions for which measures have regularly extended the provisions when expired or expiring. Fifty-two temporary tax provisions expired at the end of 2014.
Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): Tax Incentives for Retirement Savings

Description: This report discusses Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRA) and their tax incentives. Many workers covered by employer-sponsored retirement plans do not work long enough with one employer to be entitled to a pension. Others may be covered by a profit-sharing plan to which the employer may have little or no profits to contribute. Since these individuals were "covered" by a retirement plan, they were ineligible to make tax-deductible contributions to a tax-sheltered Individual Retirement Arrangement (IRA). Many observers considered this a tax inequity and felt that all employees should be eligible to establish their own IRAs or make tax-deductible contributions to their employer's plan. Congress responded to this situation by approving retirement savings incentives for all workers as part of the tax cut bill (H.R. 4242). All workers, whether or not covered by an employer pension plan, are now permitted tax deductible contributions to IRAs up to $2,000 a year.
Date: November 22, 1982
Creator: Schmitt, Ray
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Deductibility of State and Local Taxes

Description: This report provides a brief history of deductible state and local taxes, and discusses deduction for real estate property taxes, deductions for income, sales, and use taxes. The report also discusses policy alternatives and current legislation.
Date: September 28, 2007
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health-Related Tax Expenditures: Overview and Analysis

Description: This report analyzes health-related tax expenditures together at the budget function level, rather than focusing on the size of any single provision. To provide some insights into common questions about health-related expenditures, this report analyzes historical data on health-related tax expenditure estimates published by the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT).
Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Description: This report discusses how the estate and gift tax works and examines various policy options. The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA, P.L. 107-16) repeals the estate tax after 2009. In the 108th Congress, some policymakers have proposed eliminating the sunset provision in the EGTRRA, thus making repeal of the estate tax permanent.
Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Maguire, Steven
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which is a refundable tax credit available to eligible workers earning relatively low wages
Date: June 2, 2015
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Taxes and Offshore Outsourcing

Description: This report discusses the impact of taxes on international trade and investment has been debated for decades. Most recently, a variety of bills addressing international taxation have been introduced in the 110th Congress—some would cut taxes for U.S. firms overseas, while others would increase taxes on foreign investment. The debate over taxes and foreign outsourcing has tended to grow more heated during times of domestic economic weakness and high unemployment; questions arise over whether taxes contribute to such weakness by discouraging exports (or encouraging imports) or by encouraging U.S. firms to move abroad. The debate over international taxation has again become prominent as a part of the wider debate over “outsourcing.” With taxes, the debate asks how the current system affects outsourcing, and whether policies designed to limit the phenomenon might be desirable.
Date: March 11, 2008
Creator: Marples, Donald J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Passthrough Organizations Not Taxed As Corporations

Description: This report describes the various forms of tax conduit organizations found in the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), or the Internal Revenue Services (IRS) regulations and discusses how the form of organization affects the tax situation of the owners. It is organized according to the major types of conduit organization.
Date: August 20, 2002
Creator: Taylor, Jack H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Certain Temporary Tax Provisions Scheduled to Expire in 2009 (“Extenders”)

Description: This report discusses numerous temporary tax provisions exist in the tax code. Often referred to as “extenders,” these provisions were originally enacted with an expiration date that has then been temporarily extended, in some cases numerous times.
Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Reform in the 114th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Description: This report provides background information regarding tax reform and discusses ways to make the U.S. tax system simpler, fairer, and more efficient.
Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Keightley, Mark P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Description: This report provides historical context regarding energy tax policy and discusses what may lie ahead.
Date: August 7, 2007
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) Filers and the Child Tax Credit: Overview and Legislation

Description: This report discusses the child tax credit, which was created by the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-34) to help ease the financial burden on families when they have children. The ACTC is available to taxpayers with little or no federal income tax liability.
Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L. & Lunder, Erika K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brownfields Tax Incentive Extension

Description: This report discusses the brownfields tax incentive, which expires on December 31, 2007. Enacted in 1997, the provision allowed a taxpayer to fully deduct the costs of environmental cleanup in the year the costs were incurred, rather than spreading the costs over a period of years.
Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dependent Care: Current Tax Benefits and Legislative Issues

Description: This report discusses current tax treatment of dependent care expenses under those two provisions and options for changing those policies. Two income tax provisions help taxpayers pay for the costs of caring for children and older dependents who cannot care for themselves.
Date: February 4, 2015
Creator: Meyerson, Noah P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estate Tax Options

Description: After a brief description of the estate and gift tax and of options, this report compares the alternatives, focusing largely on a $1 million exemption and 55% rate, a $3.5 million exemption and a 45% rate, and a $5 million exemption and a 35% rate. Several policy effects and issues are analyzed: the share of decedents subject to tax, revenue effects, distributional effects, and effects on savings, charitable contributions, and compliance and administration. The report also considers other aspects of the proposals, such as whether the exemptions are indexed for inflation, a proposed inheritance of the exemption for spouses, and proposals to address perceived abuses.
Date: April 23, 2010
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Description: The unified estate and gift tax is levied on the transfer of assets that occurs when someone dies or gives a gift. Filing an estate tax return can be difficult depending on the value and complexity of the estate. The purpose here is to outline the mechanics of the estate and gift tax. The first section begins with a brief review of the general rules accompanied with a numerical example. There are some minor provisions of the law that are not discussed here, however, such as the phase out of the graduated rates and the credit for taxes on property recently transferred. The second section summarizes the special rules for farms and small businesses. And, the final section briefly describes the generation skipping transfer tax. The appendix of this report provides detailed data from returns filed in 2005, the latest year for which data are available.
Date: March 19, 2008
Creator: Marples, Donald J. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department