Congressional Research Service Reports - 699 Matching Results

Search Results

IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

Description: Married couples filing joint tax returns are liable individually and as a couple for all taxes due on the return with a limited exemption for innocent spouses. This report discusses joint and several liability, which has been the subject of much criticism and calls for reform or elimination.
Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Ripy, Thomas B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

Description: Married couples filing joint tax returns are liable individually and as a couple for all taxes due on the return with a limited exemption for innocent spouses. This report discusses joint and several liability, which has been the subject of much criticism and calls for reform or elimination.
Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Ripy, Thomas B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Surpluses: Economic Effects of Debt Repayment, Tax Cuts, or Spending - An Overview

Description: Updated projections released on July 15 by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) indicate budget surpluses rising from $63 billion (0.9% of GDP) in FY1998 to more than $100 billion (1.3% to 1.5% of GDP) from FY2002 through FY2005 and over $200 billion (1.8% to 1.9%) from FY2006 through FY2008.1
Date: July 23, 1998
Creator: Cox, William A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Code Termination Act: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report discusses the Tax Code Termination Act, which would “sunset” (repeal) the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 on December 31, 2002 and would require that any new federal tax system that is adopted be approved not later than July 4, 2002.
Date: August 12, 1998
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Description: This report tracks the evolution and content of the Internet tax freedom bills. In general, the bills would impose a federal moratorium on the ability of state and local governments to impose taxes on certain aspects of the Internet and would establish a temporary federal commission to study selected issues and make policy recommendations.
Date: August 21, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excise Taxes on Alcohol, Tobacco, and Gasoline: History and Inflation-Adjusted Rates

Description: This report provides inflation-adjusted excise tax rates for alcohol, tobacco, and gasoline products. The base for computation is November 1951. All of the above cited commodities had rate increases effective for that date under the Revenue Act of 1951. The adjustments show what the tax rates would be in 1999 if they had been increased to reflect inflation
Date: April 22, 1999
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan & Cashell, Brian W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentive

Description: This report discusses federal tax subsidies for alcohol transportation fuels, as well as legislative actions underway to repeal, extend, or reduce them.
Date: June 23, 1999
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Capital Gains Taxes: An Overview

Description: The capital gains tax has been a tax cut target since the 1986 Tax Reform Act treated capital gains as ordinary income. An argument for lower capital gains taxes is reduction of the lock-in effect. Some also believe that lower capital gains taxes will cost little compared to the benefits they bring and that lower taxes induce additional economic growth, although the magnitude of these potential effects is in some dispute. Others criticize lower capital gains taxes as benefitting higher income individuals and express concerns about the budget effects, particularly in future years. Another criticism of lower rates is the possible role of a larger capital gains tax differential in encouraging tax sheltering activities and adding complexity to the tax law.
Date: August 30, 1999
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis

Description: The report provides background on the theory and application of tax policy as it relates to the energy sector, particularly with respect to the theory of market failure in the energy sector and the suggested policy remedies. This background provides a context for understanding how current or proposed energy tax policy may affect other policy objectives or be affected by such objectives.
Date: January 12, 2000
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department