Congressional Research Service Reports - 48 Matching Results

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Gasoline Excise Tax—Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet

Description: The federal government has levied a tax on gasoline since 1932. This report provides a table that examines this tax since its inception.
Date: September 16, 1997
Creator: Talley, Louis A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Description: This report tracks the evolution and content of the Internet tax freedom bills. In general, the bills would impose a federal moratorium on the ability of state and local governments to impose taxes on certain aspects of the Internet and would establish a temporary federal commission to study selected issues and make policy recommendations.
Date: August 21, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Capital Gains Taxes: An Overview

Description: The capital gains tax has been a tax cut target since the 1986 Tax Reform Act treated capital gains as ordinary income. An argument for lower capital gains taxes is reduction of the lock-in effect. Some also believe that lower capital gains taxes will cost little compared to the benefits they bring and that lower taxes induce additional economic growth, although the magnitude of these potential effects is in some dispute. Others criticize lower capital gains taxes as benefitting higher income individuals and express concerns about the budget effects, particularly in future years. Another criticism of lower rates is the possible role of a larger capital gains tax differential in encouraging tax sheltering activities and adding complexity to the tax law.
Date: August 30, 1999
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aviation Taxes and the Airport and Airway Trust Fund

Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of excise tax revenues for the airport and airway trust fund, which has been a contentious issue for the last two years. Most of the concern during this period was about future funding needs for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The issue, somewhat unexpectedly, became an element of the tax plans embedded in House and Senate FY1998 budget reconciliation proposals. The House proposed a major structural change in how aviation taxes would be imposed.
Date: August 12, 1997
Creator: Fischer, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Issues: National Public Opinion

Description: This report provides a sample of public opinion questions concerning the current tax system, the Internal Revenue Service, and proposals for tax reform. It will be updated as new poll results become available. The report is for the use of Members as they consider legislation currently before the 105 Congress.
Date: May 28, 1998
Creator: Coleman, Kevin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excise Taxes on Alcohol, Tobacco, and Gasoline: History and Inflation Adjusted Rates

Description: This report provides inflation adjusted excise tax rates for alcohol, tobacco, and gasoline products. The base for computation is November 1951; the adjustments show what the tax rates would be if they had been increased to reflect inflation. All of the above cited commodities had rate increases effective for that date under the Revenue Act of 1951. Just as the Congress was prepared to lower excise tax rates because of peacetime conditions, plans had to be revised as a result of the start of the Korean War. Thus, the Revenue Act of 1951 was born out of revenue needs due to increased military expenditures.
Date: March 7, 1997
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan & Cashell, Brian W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

Description: The 104th Congress replaced the Targeted Jobs Tax Credit (TJTC, 1978-1994) with the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) in section 1201 of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-188). This document provides basic facts about the WOTC.
Date: April 2, 1998
Creator: Levine, Linda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Code Termination Act: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report discusses the Tax Code Termination Act, which would “sunset” (repeal) the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 on December 31, 2002 and would require that any new federal tax system that is adopted be approved not later than July 4, 2002.
Date: August 12, 1998
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department