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Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Forest Service Revenue-Sharing Payments: Legislative Issues

Description: The Forest Service (FS) returns 25% of the revenues from each national forest to the states for use on roads and schools in counties where the forests are located; the Bureau of Land Management shares 50% of its revenues with counties containing the Oregon & California grant lands. This report discusses the legislative concerns that have arisen because declining timber sales have reduced revenues.
Date: March 24, 2000
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: November 4, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Venezuela: Political Conditions and U.S. Policy

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: September 23, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures. The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds.
Date: September 9, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Date: January 23, 2007
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Forest Service Receipt-Sharing Payments: Proposals for Change

Description: In lieu of property taxes, the Forest Service generally shares 25% of receipts from the sale, lease, rental, or other use of the national forests to the states for use on roads and schools in the counties where the national forests are located. This report discusses concerns about the equity and stability of Forest Service receipt-sharing payments, especially with the decline in timber sales over the past decade, and about the incentives of the current system.
Date: April 26, 2000
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: August 20, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: February 10, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: November 4, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: September 9, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2007 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

Description: This report is an overview of the Administration’s budget request for the following seven homeland security programs designed to provide assistance to state and local first responders — firefighters, emergency medical personnel, emergency managers, and law enforcement officers.
Date: February 17, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2006 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

Description: This report is an overview of appropriations for selected programs of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for assistance to state and local first responders: firefighters, emergency medical personnel, emergency managers, and law enforcement officers. It covers only programs that are intended to help state and local recipients enhance their preparedness for terrorist attacks and that are administered by the Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP), within the Office for State and Local Government Coordination and Preparedness (SLGCP).
Date: October 20, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws

Description: This report provides an overview of the legal precedent for mandatory vaccination laws, and of state laws that require certain individuals or populations, including school-aged children and health care workers, to be vaccinated against various communicable diseases. Also discussed are state laws providing for mandatory vaccinations during a public health emergency or outbreak of a communicable disease.
Date: October 26, 2009
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State and Local Sales and Use Taxes and Internet Commerce

Description: In theory, state sales and use taxes are based on the destination principle, which prescribes that taxes should be paid where the consumption takes place. States are concerned because they anticipate gradually losing more tax revenue as the growth of Internet commerce allows more residents to buy products from vendors located out-of-state and evade use taxes. The size of the revenue loss from Internet commerce and subsequent tax evasion is uncertain. Congress is involved in this issue because commerce conducted by parties in different states over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. The degree of congressional involvement is an open question.
Date: March 9, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Description: This report discusses the “First Responder Initiative,” a proposed block grant program to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks. Under the Administration proposal, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) would administer the program, which, if approved, would provide $3.5 billion to states and localities.
Date: December 11, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department