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U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Description: The future of the U.S. human space flight program is dominating debate about NASA. Pursuant to the "Vision for Space Exploration" announced by President Bush in January 2004, the shuttle program is to be terminated in 2010. The Vision directs NASA to focus its activities on returning humans to the Moon by 2020 and eventually sending them to Mars. How to manage Department of Defense (DOD) space programs to avoid the cost growth and schedule delays that have characterized several recent projects is a key issue facing DOD. The appropriate role of the government in facilitating commercial space businesses is an ongoing debate.
Date: June 13, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney; Behrens, Carl E. & Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NASA's Voyager Spacecraft: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report discusses the Voyager 2, which was launched on August 20, 1977, from Cape Canaveral. Their current mission is to extend the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) exploration of the outermost edge of the solar system and the region where the sun’s influence ends.
Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: Gurevitz, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Security Space Launch at a Crossroads

Description: This report examines the history and current status of the EELV (Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle) program. The United States is in the midst of making significant changes in how best to pursue an acquisition strategy that would ensure continued access to space for national security missions. The current strategy for the EELV program dates from the 1990s and has since been revised a few times.
Date: May 13, 2016
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

Description: China has a determined, yet still modest, program of civilian space activities planned for the next decade. The potential for U.S.-China cooperation in space -- an issue of interest to Congress -- has become more controversial since the January 2007 Chinese anti-satellite test. Some argue that Chinese capabilities now threaten U.S. space assets in low earth orbit. Others stress the need to expand dialogue with China. This report outlines recent activities and future plans in China's civilian space sector. It also discusses benefits and trade-offs of possible U.S.-China collaboration in space, as well as several options to improve space relations, including information exchange, policy dialogue, and joint activities.
Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

Description: This report outlines recent activities and future plans in China's civilian space sector. It also discusses benefits and trade-offs of possible U.S.-China collaboration in space, as well as several options to improve space relations, including information exchange, policy dialogue, and joint activities. The report also includes discussion of China's controversial January 2007 testing of antisatellite weapons.
Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Future of NASA: Space Policy Issues Facing Congress

Description: This report analyzes questions regarding space policy challenges and gives some possible answers. It also addresses a number of cross-cutting issues, such as NASA's interactions with other federal agencies and the growing role of the commercial space industry.
Date: July 8, 2010
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Future of NASA: Space Policy Issues Facing Congress

Description: This report analyzes questions regarding space policy challenges and gives some possible answers. It also addresses a number of cross-cutting issues, such as NASA's interactions with other federal agencies and the growing role of the commercial space industry.
Date: April 19, 2010
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Future of NASA: Space Policy Issues Facing Congress

Description: This report analyzes questions regarding space policy challenges and gives some possible answers. It also addresses a number of cross-cutting issues, such as NASA's (the National Aeronautics and Space Agency's) interactions with other federal agencies and the growing role of the commercial space industry.
Date: January 14, 2010
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hubble Space Telescope: NASA's Plans for a Servicing Mission

Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) estimates that without a servicing mission to replace key components, the Hubble Space Telescope will cease scientific operations in 2008. In January 2004, then-NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe announced that the space shuttle would no longer be used to service Hubble. Hubble supporters criticized this as a result of President Bush's new Vision for Space Exploration; said supporters sought to reverse the decision and proceed with a shuttle servicing mission. In October 2006, NASA approved a shuttle mission to service Hubble. That mission is now scheduled for October 8, 2008.
Date: May 23, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NASA: Issues for Authorization, Appropriations, and Oversight in the 114th Congress

Description: Spaceflight fascinates and inspires many Americans, but in a time of constrained federal budgets, it must compete with a multitude of other national priorities. As the 114th Congress conducts oversight and considers authorization and appropriations legislation for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), an overarching question will be how NASA should move forward within budget constraints. This report discusses a number of issues that arise within the framework of that question. This report begins with some context: a brief survey of NASA’s organization and programs, a summary of recent NASA authorization legislation, and an overview of NASA’s budget.
Date: December 22, 2014
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses budget issues for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which conducts U.S. civilian space and aeronautics activities. The President's 2004 Moon/Mars Vision for Space Exploration is the major focus of NASA's activities.
Date: June 19, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel & Behrens, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducts U.S. civilian space and aeronautics activities. For FY2009, the Administration requested $17.614 billion for NASA, and increase of 1.8% from the FY2008 appropriation of $17.309 billion. The President's 2004 Moon/Mars Vision for Space Exploration is the major focus of NASA's activities. Issues for Congress regarding this goal include the development of new vehicles for human spaceflight, plans for the transition to these vehicles after the space shuttle is retired in 2010, and the balance in NASA's priorities between human space exploration and the agency's activities in science and aeronautics.
Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel & Behrens, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Description: This issue brief discusses "killer satellites," the unofficial moniker for antisatellite (ASAT) missiles possessed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as U.S. efforts to develop ASAT systems and simultaneously limit their development and use.
Date: March 21, 1983
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China's Space Program: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the nature and scope of the Chinese space program. The People's Republic of China launched its first astronaut, or "taikonaut," Lt. Col. Yang Liwei, on October 15, 2003 Beijing time (October 16 Eastern Daylight Time). China thus became only the third country, after Russia and the United States, able to launch humans into orbit. Lt. Col. Yang landed on October 16 Beijing time (October 15 EDT) after making 14 orbits (21 hours and 23 minutes).
Date: October 21, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China's Space Program: An Overview

Description: The People’s Republic of China successfully completed its second human spaceflight mission on October 17, 2005. China is only the third country, after Russia and the United States, able to launch people into space. Its first human spaceflight was in 2003 when a single astronaut, or “taikonaut,” made a flight lasting slightly less than a day. The 2005 flight lasted five days, and involved two taikonauts. As the United States embarks upon President Bush’s “Vision for Space Exploration” to return astronauts to the Moon by 2020 and someday send them to Mars, some may view China’s entrance into the human exploration of space as a competitive threat, while others may view China as a potential partner.
Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department