Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED
Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation
There appears to be a growing controversy concerning whether a state has the authority to prevent the federal government from disposing of nuclear wastes within it and transporting nuclear wastes through it. Several states have statutes purporting to veto the federal government's action in these areas. This report investigates whether these state statutes may be unconstitutional and preempted by federal statutes and regulations.
Superfund: What It Is, How It Works
No Description Available.
The Radwaste Paradox
No Description Available.
The Radwaste Paradox
No Description Available.
Ocean Dumping: A Time to Reappraise?
No Description Available.
Treatment Technologies at Superfund Sites
No Description Available.
High-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal - A Fact Sheet
No Description Available.
Brownfields Program: Cleaning Up Urban Industrial Sites
The Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is a pilot project to return idle or underused industrial and commercial facilities back to productive use, in situations where redevelopment is complicated by potential environmental contamination. The program is flexible, allowing cities to use a variety of approaches in utilizing grants of up to $200,000 to develop abandoned and underused sites, neighborhoods, and small regional areas. States and Indian tribes are eligible as well as local governments.
Superfund Cleanup Standards Reconsidered
No Description Available.
Superfund Reauthorization in the Senate: A Summary of S. 1285
No Description Available.
Taxes to Finance Superfund
No Description Available.
Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 105th Congress
No Description Available.
Superfund Fact Book
No Description Available.
Nuclear Weapons: Disposal Options for Surplus Weapons-Usable Plutonium
No Description Available.
Superfund and States: The State Role and Other Issues
No Description Available.
Civilian Nuclear Spent Fuel Temporary Storage Options
The Department of Energy (DOE) is studying a site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, for a permanent underground repository for highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear reactors, but delays have pushed back the facility’s opening date to 2010 at the earliest. In the meantime, spent fuel is accumulating at U.S. nuclear plant sites at the rate of about 2,000 metric tons per year. Major options for managing those growing quantities of nuclear spent fuel include continued storage at reactors, construction of a DOE interim storage site near Yucca Mountain, and licensing of private storage facilities. Arguments for development of a federal interim storage facility include DOE legal obligations, long-term costs, and public controversy over new on-site storage facilities. Opposition to centralized storage centers on the potential risks of a large-scale nuclear waste transportation campaign.
Superfund: A Brief Comparison of the Chairmen's Bills
No Description Available.
Superfund: A Brief Comparison of the Chairmen's Bills
No Description Available.
Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 105th Congress
No Description Available.
Solid Waste Issues in the 105th Congress
No Description Available.
Waste Trade and the Basel Convention: Background and Update
No Description Available.
Proposed High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository: Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Progress
No Description Available.
Interstate Waste Transport: Legislative Issues
No Description Available.
Superfund Reauthorization: A Summary of H.R. 1300, as Reported
No Description Available.
Superfund Act Reauthorization: Liability Provisions of Leading Congressional Proposals
No Description Available.
Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 106th Congress
No Description Available.
Superfund and Natural Resource Damages
No Description Available.
Superfund and the Brownfields Issue
No Description Available.
The Liability Exemptions in the Senate Brownfields Bill (S. 350)
This report deals solely with the liability provisions of S. 350, found in Title II of the bill. (The manager’s amendment does not concern these.) These provisions cover three types of innocent parties: (1) owners of properties contaminated from contiguous properties, (2) prospective purchasers, and (3) innocent landowners.
The Liability Exemptions in the Senate Brownfields Bill (S. 350)
No Description Available.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
"Innocent Landowners" and "Prospective Purchasers" in the Superfund Act
The Superfund Act contains several devices that eliminate the liability or reduce the transaction costs normally incurred under the Act by persons that acquire contaminated land. This report focuses on three of them, two addressed in the recently enacted brownfields law (P.L. 107-118). The first device is the innocent-landowner defense, available to persons who acquire land after the hazardous substance is put there, and who (among other things) find no contamination before acquisition despite “all appropriate inquiry.” The second device allows use of innocent-landowner status as a basis for early de minimis settlement with EPA. The third exempts the “bona fide prospective purchaser” from “owner” and “operator” liability despite pre-acquisition awareness of contamination on the property, if certain conditions are met.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Nuclear Waste Repository Siting: Expedited Procedures for Congressional Approval
No Description Available.
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository that is unlikely to be disturbed for thousands of years. Low-level waste sites are a state responsibility under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Pursuant to that act, 10 regional compacts for disposal of low level waste have been approved by Congress. Three commercial low-level waste sites are currently operating, in the states of South Carolina, Utah, and Washington.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Nuclear Waste Repository Siting: Expedited Procedures for Congressional Approval
No Description Available.
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository that is unlikely to be disturbed for thousands of years. Low-level waste sites are a state responsibility under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Pursuant to that act, 10 regional compacts for disposal of low level waste have been approved by Congress. Three commercial low-level waste sites are currently operating, in the states of South Carolina, Utah, and Washington.
Recycling Computers and Electronic Equipment: Legislative and Regulatory Approaches for "E-Waste"
No Description Available.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository that is unlikely to be disturbed for thousands of years. Low-level waste sites are a state responsibility under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Pursuant to that act, 10 regional compacts for disposal of low level waste have been approved by Congress. Three commercial low-level waste sites are currently operating, in the states of South Carolina, Utah, and Washington.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Recycling Computers and Electronic Equipment: Legislative and Regulatory Approaches for "E-Waste"
No Description Available.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository that is unlikely to be disturbed for thousands of years. Low-level waste sites are a state responsibility under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Pursuant to that act, 10 regional compacts for disposal of low level waste have been approved by Congress. Three commercial low-level waste sites are currently operating, in the states of South Carolina, Utah, and Washington.
Superfund and Brownfields in the 107th Congress
No Description Available.
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository that is unlikely to be disturbed for thousands of years. Low-level waste sites are a state responsibility under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Pursuant to that act, 10 regional compacts for disposal of low level waste have been approved by Congress. Three commercial low-level waste sites are currently operating, in the states of South Carolina, Utah, and Washington.
Superfund Taxes or General Revenues: Future Funding Options for the Superfund Program
No Description Available.
Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress
The Superfund program for cleaning up the nation’s worst hazardous waste sites was created by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA (P.L. 96-510, as amended). This report discusses recent development and background issues, superfund issues, revenue issues, comprehensive reauthorization, and legislation regarding superfund program.