Congressional Research Service Reports - 37 Matching Results

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The Entitlements Debate

Description: Federal entitlement programs make payments directly to recipients who meet eligibility criteria set by law. There are about 400 of them with Social Security being the largest. Generally, entitlement spending is not subject to control through annual appropriations, and once an entitlement program is established, its scope can be altered only by amending the law that created it.
Date: January 28, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions, rules or regulations upon lobbying activities of non-profit organizations.
Date: May 19, 1998
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions or regulations on lobbying activities of non-profit organizations. Public charities, social welfare organizations, religious groups, and other non-profit, tax-exempt organizations are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy merely because of their tax-exempt status.
Date: November 26, 2002
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charitable Choice Provisions of H.R. 7

Description: H.R. 7, the Community Solutions Act, on July 19 won House passage without amendment by a vote of 233-198. The bill includes basic elements of President Bush’s faith-based initiatives: tax incentives for private giving–scaled back from original proposals (Title I)–and expansion of charitable choice (Title II). (Title III deals with individual development accounts.)
Date: July 21, 2001
Creator: Burke, Vee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Description: This report discusses what RCTs are and identifies a number of issues regarding RCTs that might arise when Congress considers making program evaluation policy. For example, in the 109th Congress, Section 3 of S. 1934 (as introduced) would establish a priority for RCTs when evaluating offender reentry demonstration projects; Section 114 of S. 667 (Senate Finance Committee-reported bill) would require RCTs for demonstration projects for low-income families; and Section 5 of S. 1129 (as introduced) would call for RCTs for projects and policies of multilateral development banks. Issues regarding RCTs could also arise when actors in the policy process present specific program evaluations to Congress (e.g., in the President’s budget proposals) to influence Congress’s views and decision making. For many reasons, evaluations often merit scrutiny and care in interpretation.
Date: March 7, 2006
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.; Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Description: This report is one in the series of reports that discusses the Charitable Choice Act of 2001 (Title II of the House bill) and its rules, as well as the charitable choice laws, and other areas of this program.
Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Burke, Vee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant: (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act (P.L. 110-161) maintains SSBG funding at $1.7 billion and maintains states' authority to transfer up to 10% of their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants to the SSBG. The $1.7 billion in regular funds mirrors funding included in both the FY2007 and FY2006 laws, but exceeds the $1.2 billion that the President proposed for FY2008, and most recently, for FY2009. The FY2009 budget also includes a proposal to eliminate the SSBG in FY2010. This report provides SSBG background information and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Description: Public charities, religious groups, social welfare organizations, and other nonprofit organizations which are exempt from federal income taxation are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy activities merely because of their tax-exempt status. There may, however, be some lobbying limitations on certain organizations, depending. This report discusses this issue at length, including related legislation, relevant passages in the Internal Revenue Code, and other regulatory information.
Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Description: Entitlements are programs that require payments to persons, state or local governments, or other entities if specific eligibility criteria established in the authorizing law are met. Entitlement payments are legal obligations of the federal government, and eligible beneficiaries may have legal recourse if full payment under the law is not provided. This report briefly discusses entitlements and entitlement procedures in the federal budget process.
Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2012 Budget Highlights for the Human Resources "Superfunction": Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Description: This CRS report highlights spending trends and key policy initiatives in the President's February budget and April Framework, and in the House-passed budget resolution, for the six functional categories of the federal budget that comprise the human resources "superfunction." The six human resources functions (and their function codes) are education, training, employment, and social services, health, Medicare, income security, social security, veterans benefits and services.
Date: May 17, 2011
Creator: Spar, Karen & Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Highlights of Three FY2013 Budget Proposals for the Human Resources “Superfunction”: Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Description: This report highlights spending trends and key policy initiatives in the President's February budget and April Framework, and in the House-passed budget resolution, for the six functional categories of the federal budget that comprise the human resources "superfunction": education, training, employment, and social services, health, Medicare, income security, social security, veterans benefits and services.
Date: July 13, 2012
Creator: Spar, Karen & Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Description: This report discusses the background and funding information of the Social Services Block Grant (SSBG). Topics include the use of the funds provided by the grant, its funding history, and its proposed repeal.
Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Overview of the Nonprofit and Charitable Sector

Description: This report discusses various aspects of the nonprofit and charitable sector, including the sector's size and scope, funding, and relationship with the federal government.
Date: November 17, 2009
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Security: Revisiting Benefits for Spouses and Survivors

Description: This report describes the current-law structure of auxiliary benefits for spouses, divorced spouses and surviving spouses. It also discusses some of the issues concerning the adequacy and equity of the current-law structure of auxiliary benefits, and presents some recent proposals.
Date: November 5, 2010
Creator: Shelton, Alison M. & Nuschler, Dawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Developing Countries: Definitions, Concepts and Comparisons

Description: This report examines four criteria which are often used today to rank and assess countries’ levels of development. They are: (1) per capita income; (2) economic and social structure; (3) social conditions; and (4) the prevailing level of economic and political freedom. Specific indices or quantitative studies are explained and applied to each criteria and the differences among the various measures are explained.
Date: December 6, 2002
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E. & Sandhu, Anjula
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: November 4, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: August 10, 2011
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Social Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Date: January 14, 2015
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department