Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program
The World Solar Summit and proposed World Solar Program 1996-2005 address energy problems through increased use of renewable energy technologies. The World Solar Commission will host the World Solar Summit in Harare, Zimbabwe, on September 16 and 17, 1996, and it will direct the World Solar Program 1996-2005. At the Summit, the Commission is expected to adopt a World Plan ofAction and a number of Strategic Projects. The proposed World Plan of Action includes a selection of high-priority renewable energy projects at the national or regional level to be implemented between 1996 and 2005.
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education
No Description Available.
A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme
Consolidation of many Federal research and development (R&D) activities into a Department of Science and Technology (S&T) has been proposed repeatedly since World War D, including in the last Congress. The trend, however, has been toward the creation of mission agencies with supporting R&D capabilities. Analyses of arguments for and against consolidation indicate that valid reasons exist on both sides of the issue. Specific consolidation proposals may be considered again during the 104th Congress.
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2010
This report summarizes the FY2010 budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2009 budget. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the Federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. This report breaks down in detail the various aspects of the President's FY2010 R&D funding request.
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2016
This report begins with a discussion of the overall level of the President's FY2016 R&D request, followed by analyses of the R&D funding request from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. The report concludes with discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for more than 98% of total federal R&D funding.
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011
This report summarizes the FY2011 budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2010 budget. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the Federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. This report breaks down in detail the various aspects of the President's FY2011 R&D funding request.
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011
This report summarizes the FY2011 budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2010 budget. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the Federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. This report breaks down in detail the various aspects of the President's FY2011 R&D funding request.
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2016
This report begins with a discussion of the overall level of the President's FY2016 R&D request, followed by analyses of the R&D funding request from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. The report concludes with discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for more than 98% of total federal R&D funding.
Federal Research and Development Organization, Policy, and Funding for Counterterrorism
No Description Available.
Possible Impacts of Major Counter Terrorism Security Actions on Research, Development, and Higher Education
No Description Available.
Cancer Research: Selected Federal Spending and Morbidity and Mortality Statistics
This report shows federal spending at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for research on selected cancer sites.
Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness
In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, universities, and the federal R&D establishment designed to increase the competitiveness of American industry and to encourage the generation of new products, processes, and services.
Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness
In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, universities, and the federal R&D establishment designed to increase the competitiveness of American industry and to encourage the generation of new products, processes, and services.
Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship
Interest in methods to provide drugs at lower cost, particularly for the elderly, has rekindled discussion over the role the federal government plays in facilitating the creation of new pharmaceuticals for the marketplace. This report explores the issue of whether or not the substantial federal investment in health-related research and development (R&D) entitles the public to commensurate consideration in prices charged for any resulting drugs. It is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of the rationale for government support of R&D and subsequent efforts to facilitate private sector commercialization of new technologies generated from such work. Concerns surrounding innovation in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology are discussed within the broader context of the federal role in facilitating technological progress.
R&D Partnerships and Intellectual Property: Implications for U.S. Policy
No Description Available.
Patent Ownership and Federal Research and Development (R and D): A Discussion on the Bayh-Dole Act and the Stevenson-Wydler Act
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
This report presents an overview of the National Environmental Education Act of 1990, discusses appropriations, examines Environmental Protection Agency (EPA's) implementation of the act, and analyzes potential issues for reauthorization that may be considered in the 109th Congress.
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
This report presents an overview of the National Environmental Education Act of 1990, discusses appropriations, examines Environmental Protection Agency (EPA's) implementation of the act, and analyzes potential issues for reauthorization that may be considered in the 109th Congress.
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
No Description Available.
Desalination R and D: The New Federal Program
The purpose of the program is to determine the most technologically efficient and cost- effective means by which useable water can be produced from saline water or water otherwise impaired or contaminated. Currently, the cost of desalting seawater is 3 to 5 times the comparable cost of desalting brackish water, which is up to twice as expensive as the treatment and delivery of other municipal water supplies (not counting sewage-related costs). Funding for the new Desalination R&D Program is provided through Bureau of Reclamation's Office of Research in the Department of the Interior
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
No Description Available.
Fossil Energy Research and Development: Whither Coal?
No Description Available.
Superfund Cleanup Standards Reconsidered
No Description Available.
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description Available.
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description Available.
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description Available.
Grants Information on the World Wide Web
No Description Available.
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session
No Description Available.
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, Second Session
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description Available.
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities
No Description Available.