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Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Faith-Based Organizations and Their Relationship with State and Local Governments: Analysis of Recent Initiatives

Description: This report discusses federal, state, and local government funding for faith-based organizations (FBOs) to provide services to needy citizens. It provides an overview of several selected issues including the effectiveness of FBOs, their accountability for results, and the working relationship that FBOs have at various levels of government.
Date: January 23, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islam: A Primer

Description: No Description Available.
Date: February 19, 2003
Creator: Mark, Clyde R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Campaign Activity by Churches: Legal Analysis of Houses of Worship Free Speech Restoration Act, H.R. 235 (108th Congress)

Description: Churches and other Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organizations can lose their tax-exempt status if they participate in a political campaign. The Houses of Worship Free Speech Restoration Act, H.R. 235 (108th Congress) would permit churches to engage in limited types of political campaign activity, in unlimited amounts, without jeopardizing their tax-exempt status. This report provides an overview of current tax and campaign finance law relevant to this legislation, a discussion of how H.R. 235 (108th Congress) would amend current law, and a comparison of H.R. 235 (108th Congress) to H.R. 2357 (107th Congress).
Date: June 16, 2003
Creator: Morris, Marie B. & Whitaker, L. Paige
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House and Senate Chaplains

Description: No Description Available.
Date: July 18, 2003
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chaplain of the House: Selection and Related Procedures

Description: House procedures to elect an officer during a Congress differ from those followed at the start of a Congress. A resolution to elect a replacement officer to fill a vacancy during a Congress is privileged and debatable under the hour rule. By statute, the Speaker has authority to appoint a temporary replacement officer, and in some cases, temporary appointments have continued in effect for the remainder of a Congress. This report describes the consultative process that ultimately led to Father Coughlin’s temporary appointment, and related parliamentary issues concerning the selection of House officers.
Date: August 22, 2003
Creator: Rundquist, Paul S. & Beth, Richard S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islamic Religious Schools,

Description: No Description Available.
Date: October 29, 2003
Creator: Armanios, Febe
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

Description: No Description Available.
Date: February 23, 2004
Creator: Armanios, Febe
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Constitutionality of Including the Phrase "Under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance

Description: On October 14, 2003, the Supreme Court granted certiorari in the appeal regarding the California statute, and on June 14, 2004, the Court reversed the Ninth Circuit’s decision finding that Newdow lacked standing to challenge the school district’s policy in federal court. This report summarizes the facts of the case, the opinions that have been rendered, congressional action, and the appeal to the Supreme Court. It will be updated as circumstances warrant.
Date: June 18, 2004
Creator: Welborn, Angie A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Description: This report is one in the series of reports that discusses the Charitable Choice Act of 2001 (Title II of the House bill) and its rules, as well as the charitable choice laws, and other areas of this program.
Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Burke, Vee
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islamic Religious Schools,

Description: No Description Available.
Date: February 10, 2005
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House and Senate Chaplains

Description: No Description Available.
Date: May 20, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Campaign Activity by Churches: Legal Analysis of Houses of Worship Free Speech Restoration Act

Description: Under current law, churches and other IRC § 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organizations are prohibited from engaging in such activity and risk losing their tax-exempt status if they do. While this outcome is rare, it is possible. This report provides an overview of the current tax and campaign finance law relevant to this legislation, a discussion of how each bill would amend current law, and a chart that compares the bills.
Date: June 14, 2005
Creator: Lunder, Erika & Whitaker, L. Paige
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islamist Extremism in Europe

Description: No Description Available.
Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin; Rollins, John & Woehrel, Steven
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gonzales vs. Oregon

Description: No Description Available.
Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Muslims in Europe: Integration Policies in Selected Countries

Description: This report examines the integration of Muslims into the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Spain. It also analyzes policies at the European Union (EU) level that affect Muslim populations. However, key policies relating to integrating Muslims into society — including citizenship laws, education, treatment of religious institutions, and anti-discrimination measures — largely lie with individual governments.
Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Gallis, Paul E.; Archick, Kristin; Miko, Francis T & Woehrel, Steven
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Law of Church and State: Opinions of Judge Samuel Alito

Description: This report provides an overview of opinions addressing issues related to the law of church and state written by Judge Alito while serving on the Third Circuit and Supreme Court precedent relevant to those cases.
Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Welborn, Angie A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islamic Religious Schools, Madrasas: Background

Description: This report provides an overview of madrasas, their role in the Muslim world, and issues related to their alleged links to terrorism. The report also addresses the findings of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (the “9/11 Commission”) and issues relevant to the second session of the 109th Congress.
Date: January 10, 2006
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charitable Choice Rules and Faith-Based Organizations

Description: This report discusses the Bush administration's "Charitable Choice" agenda aimed at expanding the ability of faith-based organizations to provide federally funded social services.
Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charitable Choice: Legal and Constitutional Issues

Description: This report provides analysis of a number of factual, civil rights, and constitutional questions that have been raised regarding charitable choice in general. The analysis is generally focused on those provisions enacted as part of the 1996 welfare reform law. More recent charitable choice rules may give rise to the same or similar concerns. Primarily, this report focuses on civil rights concerns that have arisen in the context of charitable choice and First Amendment issues, as well as recent legal developments related to charitable choice.
Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Welborn, Angie A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department