Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

President Clinton's Vetoes

Description: This report provides a table outlining the bills vetoed by President William Jefferson Clinton's two terms in office. It includes an overview and the bill number, date, title, and override attempts for each veto.
Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Directives: Background and Overview

Description: This report provides an overview of the different kinds of directives that have primarily been utilized by twentieth-century Presidents. It includes background on the historical development, accounting, use, and effect of such directives.
Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Description: This report discusses Congress' power to override presidential vetoes. The President's veto authority is among his most significant tools in legislative dealings with Congress. It is effective not only in preventing the passage of legislation undesirable to the President, but also as a threat, sometimes forcing Congress to modify legislation before it is presented to the President.
Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Recess Judges

Description: This report discusses the recess clause and takes a look at the history of recess appointments. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is empowered "to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session." Presidents have used the recess appointment power on more than 300 occasions to place judges on the district, appellate, and U.S. Supreme Court level. This practice slowed after the 1950s, but recent recess appointments to federal appellate courts (the Fourth, Fifth, and Eleventh Circuits) have revived a number of constitutional issues.
Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Independent Bids for President

Description: This report briefly discusses legal and practical obstacles for candidates pursuing an independent run for the presidency after participating in the nomination process of a major political party--including competing in state primaries and caucuses for delegates to the party's national nominating convention.
Date: January 6, 2016
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals

Description: This report provides a brief history of impoundment and discusses the debate surrounding the line item veto, particularly in relation to federal spending and the budget process.
Date: November 22, 2004
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Effects, and Process

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the causes and effects of federal government shutdowns. This report provides a brief overview of the causes and effects of federal government shutdowns. When federal agencies and programs lack appropriated funding, they must cease operations, except in emergency situations. The failure of the President and Congress to reach agreement on funding measures has caused government shutdowns. It is necessary either to enact temporary funding legislation at the close of the fiscal year or to shut down the activities that are not funded at that time.
Date: September 20, 2004
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Directives: Background and Overview

Description: This report provides an overview of the different kinds of directives that have been utilized primarily by twentieth century Presidents. It presents background on their historical development, accounting, use, and effect.
Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

President Clinton’s Vetoes

Description: This report provides a table outlining the bills vetoed by President William Jefferson Clinton's two terms in office. It includes an overview and the bill number, date, title, and override attempts for each veto.
Date: October 7, 2000
Creator: Galemore, Gary L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and the present. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process).
Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam; Rutkus, Denis Steven & Copeland, Curtis W.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

President of the United States: Compensation

Description: This report discusses the President’s compensation and the three most recent increases to the salary enacted in 1949 (81st Congress), 1969 (91st Congress), and 1999 (106th Congress).
Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The President’s Reorganization Authority: Review and Analysis

Description: This report addresses three specific issues: (1) the historical basis and use of the President’s reorganization authority; (2) the factors contributing to the lapse of the President’s reorganization authority in 1984,1 and (3) thoughts on the future of reorganization in the executive branch.
Date: March 8, 2001
Creator: Moe, Ronald C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

Description: This report discusses potential policy questions for the upcoming 114th Congress concerning the Service’s mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within DHS. The policy questions presented in this report are only considerations, since the Service is widely perceived to be operating and performing its missions effectively for the past 11 years as part of DHS.
Date: December 18, 2014
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Counting Electoral Votes: An Overview of Procedures at the Joint Session, Including Objections by Members of Congress

Description: This report describes the steps which precede the joint session and the procedures set in the Constitution and statute by which the House and Senate jointly certify the results of the electoral vote. It also discusses the procedures set in law governing challenges to the validity of an electoral vote, and makes reference to the procedures followed during the joint session in 2005 by which the election of George W. Bush was certified.
Date: December 8, 2008
Creator: Maskell, Jack & Rybicki, Elizabeth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impeachment: An Overview of Constitutional Provisions, Procedure, and Practice

Description: The American impeachment process places in the legislative branch the authority to remove the President, Vice President, and other federal civil officers in the executive and judicial branches upon a determination that such officers have engaged in treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. It is one of the checks and balances grounded in the American constitutional structure. This report summarizes impeachment proceedings in the 111th Congress, examines relevant constitutional provisions, and provides a brief historical overview.
Date: December 9, 2010
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar

Description: The Senate has responsibilities under both Article I (outlining legislative prerogatives) and Article II of the Constitution. As a result, the upper body handles legislative and executive business differently. This report discusses the Senate’s lawmaking responsibilities under Article I; executive business, which consists of treaties and nominations.
Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impeachment Grounds: Part I: Pre-Constitutional Convention Materials

Description: This report is a collection of selected background materials pertinent to the issue of what constitutes impeachable misconduct for purposes of Article II, section 4 of the United States Constitution quoted below. It includes excerpts from Blackstone, Wooddeson, and the impeachment clauses in pre-Constitutional Convention state constitutions.
Date: October 30, 1998
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 112th Congress

Description: This report identifies, for the 112th Congress, all nominations to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation in 40 organizations in the executive branch (27 independent agencies, 6 agencies in the Executive Office of the President [EOP], and 7 multilateral organizations) and 4 agencies in the legislative branc
Date: January 13, 2015
Creator: Greene, Michael
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Transitions: Background and Federal Support

Description: This report discusses the Presidential Transition Act, which authorizes funding for the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide suitable office space, staff compensation and other services associated with the transition process.
Date: February 11, 2008
Creator: Smith, Stephanie
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Overview of the Impeachment Process

Description: The Constitution sets forth the general principles which control the procedural aspects of impeachment, vesting the power to impeach in the House of Representatives, while imbuing the Senate with the power to try impeachments. Both the Senate and the House have designed procedures to implement these general principles in dealing with a wide range of impeachment issues. This report provides a brief overview of the impeachment process, reflecting the roles of both the House and the Senate during the course of an impeachment inquiry and trial.
Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Halstead, T. J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Description: This report discusses the process of Advice and Consent in the Senate. Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution states that the President "shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other Public Ministers and Counsels, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all Other Officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law…."
Date: July 2, 2008
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Records: Issues for the 111th Congress

Description: This report analyzes President Barack Obama's first executive order (E.O. 13489), which rescinded E.O. 13233, and discusses its departure from the policies of the previous administration. Additionally, this report examines H.R. 35 and its possible legislative effects on the presidential records policies of the Obama Administration.
Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department