Congressional Research Service Reports - 370 Matching Results

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Inauguration Security: Operations, Appropriations, and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides information on inauguration security operations and inauguration security appropriations. It also discusses potential policy issues including some past inauguration security operations criticisms and inauguration security operation appropriations.
Date: January 11, 2017
Creator: Reese, Shawn; Straus, Jacob R. & Bailey, Christina M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Change in Direction for Seoul? The Impeachment of South Korea's President

Description: This report discusses the Constitutional Court decision for impeachment of the former President of South Korea, Park Geun-hye. The decision was the latest development in a corruption scandal that has engulfed South Korean politics and the business world since October 2016, and comes against the backdrop of North Korean missile tests.
Date: March 10, 2017
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Corrado, Jonathan R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Filling Advice and Consent Positions at the Outset of Recent Administrations, 1981-2009

Description: This report describes and analyzes the processes, during a presidential transition, by which top-level executive branch PAS (Presidentially-appointed and approved by the Senate) positions have been filled in the recent past. Outside of top White House staff appointments, these are a new President's earliest and arguably most important appointments.
Date: February 24, 2017
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.; Greene, Michael & Rybicki, Elizabeth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

History, Evolution, and Practices of the President's State of the Union Address: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report takes the format of answers to frequently asked questions about the State of the Union address -- a communication from the President to Congress in which the chief executive reports on the current conditions of the United States and provides policy proposals for the upcoming legislative year.
Date: February 27, 2017
Creator: Kreiser, Maria A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Electoral College: How It Works in Contemporary Presidential Elections

Description: This report provides information about the electoral college including its origins, who makes up the college today, the 2012 presidental election, and calls for the reform of the electoral college.
Date: April 13, 2016
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Senate Action on U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations During the Eighth Year of a Presidency

Description: This report discusses the process by which lower federal court judges are nominated by the President and approved by the Senate during the final year of a presidency. The eighth year of a presidency is significant, in part, because it is the final opportunity for a President to appoint individuals as U.S. circuit and district court judges.
Date: June 30, 2016
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Funding of Presidential Nominating Conventions: An Overview

Description: This report provides a historical overview of how Presidential Election Campaign Fund (PECF) convention funding functioned. It also describes private funding sources that remain available after legislation (H.R. 2019) became law (P.L. 113-94) eliminating PECF funding for convention operations.
Date: May 4, 2016
Creator: Garrett, R. S. & Reese, Shawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

North American Leaders' Summit

Description: This report discusses the North American Leaders' Summits (NALS), a trilateral summit that meets in effort to increase cooperation on broader economic and security issues between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Description: This report examines several authorities by which a vacant presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position can be filled temporarily without going through the Senate confirmation process..
Date: April 1, 2016
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Description: This report provides a legislative and cultural history of the Former Presidents Act. It considers the potential effects of maintaining the FPA or amending the FPA in ways that might reduce or otherwise modify a former President's benefits.
Date: March 16, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

President Obama's Historic Visit to Cuba

Description: This report briefly discusses the details of President Obama's visit to Cuba. Before the trip, the White House set forth the goals of the visit, stating that the President would build on progress toward normalizing relations, including advancing commercial and people-to-people ties and expressing support for human rights.
Date: March 25, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report supplies brief answers to some frequently asked questions regarding recess appointments. When the Senate is in recess, the President may make a temporary appointment, called a recess appointment, to any such position without Senate approval (Article II, Section 2, Clause 3).
Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Vetoes, 1789-Present: A Summary Overview

Description: This report discusses the veto power vested in the President by Article I, Section 7 of the Constitution. It provides a general overview and a table of presidential vetoes from 1789-2004, listing the coincident Congresses, regular vetoes, pocket vetoes, total vetoes, and vetoes overridden for each president.
Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Presidential Veto and Congressional Procedure

Description: This report provides a brief overview of procedures involved in vetoing a bill and the ways Congress can respond to a presidential veto. Presidential vetoes are a rejection of legislation approved by majorities in both houses of Congress. Vetoes and congressional efforts to override them are often the reason for, or a reflection of, conflict between Congress and the President. The threat of a presidential veto can prompt the modification of bills moving through the legislative process. Tabular data are provided on the number of presidential vetoes exercised by each President from George Washington to William Clinton.
Date: February 27, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Senate Action on U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations During a President's Eighth Year in Office

Description: This report, in light of continued Senate interest in the judicial confirmation process during a President's final year in office, provides statistics related to Senate action on U.S. circuit and district court nominations during the eighth year of the George W. Bush, Clinton, and Reagan presidencies. The eighth year of a presidency is significant, in part, because it is the final opportunity for a President to appoint individuals as U.S. circuit and district court judges. Such judges have what effectively has come to mean life tenure, holding office "during good Behaviour."
Date: January 27, 2016
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

President Clinton's Vetoes

Description: This report provides a table outlining the bills vetoed by President William Jefferson Clinton's two terms in office. It includes an overview and the bill number, date, title, and override attempts for each veto.
Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Directives: Background and Overview

Description: This report provides an overview of the different kinds of directives that have primarily been utilized by twentieth-century Presidents. It includes background on the historical development, accounting, use, and effect of such directives.
Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Description: This report discusses Congress' power to override presidential vetoes. The President's veto authority is among his most significant tools in legislative dealings with Congress. It is effective not only in preventing the passage of legislation undesirable to the President, but also as a threat, sometimes forcing Congress to modify legislation before it is presented to the President.
Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Recess Judges

Description: This report discusses the recess clause and takes a look at the history of recess appointments. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is empowered "to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session." Presidents have used the recess appointment power on more than 300 occasions to place judges on the district, appellate, and U.S. Supreme Court level. This practice slowed after the 1950s, but recent recess appointments to federal appellate courts (the Fourth, Fifth, and Eleventh Circuits) have revived a number of constitutional issues.
Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Independent Bids for President

Description: This report briefly discusses legal and practical obstacles for candidates pursuing an independent run for the presidency after participating in the nomination process of a major political party--including competing in state primaries and caucuses for delegates to the party's national nominating convention.
Date: January 6, 2016
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals

Description: This report provides a brief history of impoundment and discusses the debate surrounding the line item veto, particularly in relation to federal spending and the budget process.
Date: November 22, 2004
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Effects, and Process

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the causes and effects of federal government shutdowns. This report provides a brief overview of the causes and effects of federal government shutdowns. When federal agencies and programs lack appropriated funding, they must cease operations, except in emergency situations. The failure of the President and Congress to reach agreement on funding measures has caused government shutdowns. It is necessary either to enact temporary funding legislation at the close of the fiscal year or to shut down the activities that are not funded at that time.
Date: September 20, 2004
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department