Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse


Israel: Background and Relations with the United States

Description: On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel declared its independence and was immediately engaged in a war with all of its neighbors. Despite the fact that armed conflict has marked every decade of Israel's existence, Israel has developed a vibrant parliamentary democracy and an advanced industrial, market economy. Since 1948, the United States and Israel have developed a close friendship based on common democratic values, religious affinities, and security interests. This report outlines the current state of Israeli government and economy, as well as general relations between the U.S. and Israel.
Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bolivia: Political and Economic Developments and Implications for U.S. Policy

Description: This report includes background information on Bolivia’s political unrest, economic situation, and relations with the United States. In the past few years, Bolivia has experienced extreme political unrest resulting in the country having six presidents since 2001. Under policies of recently-elected leftist-leaning President Evo Morales, Bolivia's relations with neighboring countries, foreign investors, and the United States have been complicated. For some 20 years, U.S. interest in Bolivia has centered on its role as a coca producer and its relationship to Colombia and Peru, the two other major coca- and cocaine-producing countries in the Andes. U.S.-Bolivian relations have become tense in 2006 in the wake of the Morales government's questionable commitment to combating illegal drugs, increasing ties with Venezuela and Cuba, and the nationalization measure.
Date: May 20, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Issues for U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides background information on the Dayton Peace Accords, and also describes Bosnia’s current political structure of two semi-autonomous, ethnically-based “entities” and a relatively weak central government. This report discusses another important issue such as whether Bosnia is still important to U.S. interests.
Date: February 10, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bosnia: Overview of Issues Ten Years After Dayton

Description: On November 21-22, 2005, the United States will host a meeting with Bosnia’s collective leadership to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Dayton accords, an agreement brokered under U.S. leadership that ended the 1992-1995 conflict in Bosnia- Herzegovina. Since early 2005, the Bush Administration has given renewed emphasis to “unfinished business” in the western Balkan region, such as the unresolved status of Kosovo, a U.N.-run province of Serbia. The United States also seeks to bolster Bosnia’s further development as a unified, democratic, and stable state on the path toward Euro- Atlantic integration, including major constitutional reforms. This report provides an overview of prominent current issues concerning Bosnia and will be updated after the 10th anniversary meeting in Washington.
Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Kim, Julie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nigeria in Political Transition

Description: On June 8, 1998, General Sani Abacha, the military leader who took power in Nigeria in 1993, died of a reported heart attack and was replaced by General Abdulsalam Abubakar. General Abubakar released political prisoners and initiated political, economic, and social reforms. Relations between the United States and Nigeria improved with the subsequent transfer of power to a civilian government. Nigeria continues to make progress in strengthening its fragile democracy but faces serious economic challenges. Nigeria remains relatively stable, although ethnic and religious clashes in some parts of the country have led to massive displacement of civilian populations.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department